1.Protest Art Do you feel most protest art is valuable, or is it a waste of time and energy? What are social issues that are protested today? What role should the artist play in todays society? What are the most effective means of protesting? Relate your ideas to at least one work in the chapter.2.The Effects of a So-So Government Ambrogio Lorenzetti painted Allegory of Good Government: The Effects of Good Government in the City and in the Country in 1338-1339 in response to the turmoil that was prevalent in Italian city-states. What lessons does it teach us today? Identify three aspects of good government that are not contained in the work. What would an allegory of good government look like today?3.Truisms Jenny Holzer created Truisms, which are one sentence declarative statements concerning clichés, stereotypes, and contradictions. Heres a sampling of the approximately two hundred statements:A man cant know what its like to be a motherAbsolute submission can be a form of freedomAutomation is deadlyBad intentions can yield good resultsBeing alone with yourself is increasingly unpopularDreaming while awake is a frightening contradictionEnjoy yourself because you cant change anything anywayFreedom is a luxury not a necessityHumanism is obsoleteIllness is a state of mindIts better to be naïve than jadedJust believing something can make it happenMoney creates tasteMorals are for little peopleNoise can be hostilePrivate property created crimeYou must disagree with authority figuresYou owe the world not the other way aroundSo what exactly is a truism? Does everyone agree on these statements? When are these statements not true? How can words be considered fine art?4.Mr. and Mrs. Andrews Yinka Shonibare created Mr. and Mrs. Andrews without Their Heads based on the painting by Thomas Gainsborough. Shonibare imbues the work with layers of meaning, from the allusion of the beheading of the aristocracy during the French Revolution to the origin of the fabric in the womans dress. Compare the two works. What did Shonibare include in his parody and what did he leave out from the original work? Why did Shomibare copy another artists work instead of creating an original one?5.The Spanish Civil War Siqueiros Echo of a Scream and Picassos Guernica were both done in 1937 in response to the atrocities in the Spanish Civil War. Compare the two works. Consider emotional response from both artists, keeping in mind that Siqueiros fought in the War and Picasso did not. Then compare to Motherwells Elegy to the Spanish Republic, which was also a response to the war in Spain between the Fascists and the Republic. (An elegy is a poem or reflection of mourning.) How does Motherwell express his feeling about the Republic loss? How does that compare to the other, more representational (yet still abstract) works?6.WAR- What Is It Good For? The first eight images of the text show images of war, from the Napoleonic Occupation in Spain and the Peasant War in Germany to wars of the twentieth century (WWII, Spanish Civil War, and Vietnam). Compare these following images: The Executions of May, 1808 by Goya, The Outbreak by Käthe Kollwitz, Fit for Active Service by George Grosz, Goering the Executioner by John Heartfield, Echo of a Scream by David Alfaro Siqueiros, Elegy to the Spanish Republic XXXIV by Robert Motherwell, Woman with Keloidal Scars by Tomatsu Shomei, and Mercenaries I by Leon Golub. What mood is evoked in each? What effect do the works that are in black and white have over the works that use color? What effect does abstraction have in setting the mood of war and despair? Which work best evokes the feeling of war?
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