Part 2: For the next part of this assignment you will create an outline of the main points you want to address in this paper. This outline will serve as the basis for your Assignment 1.2 Final Draft. (Note: Please use the Purdue Owl Website to assist you with this assignment; this website can be accessed at: https://owl.english.purdue.edu/engagement/2/2/55/) 2. Write a one to two (1-2) page outline in which you:
Determine three (3) major aspects that demonstrate Old and New World exchanges.
List five (5) specific groups that were affected by this event. Provide two (2) examples for each cohort describing how they were affected.
List five (5) ways that the creation of new global trade routes affected the occupations and lifestyles of the average working American in the colonies.
Use at least three (3) academic references besides or in addition to the textbook. Note: Wikipedia and other similar websites do not qualify as academic resources.
Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:
Be typed, double-spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.
Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length.
The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:
Recognize the main factors that led to Americas early development.
Use technology and information resources to research issues in American History to 1865.
Write clearly and concisely about American History to 1865 using proper writing mechanics.
Unformatted Attachment Preview
Assignment 1.1: A Changing World Thesis and Outline
Course: HIS 104
Instructor: Mel Albin, PhD
The great history of American, Central American and Caribbean started a migration of
people to these regions from Asia during the ice age. The groups were believed to have separated
from individuals who belonged to the old world till coming of European in the 10th era from
Norway with expeditions of Christopher Columbus. Todays ancestor’s American indigenous
people were known called Paleo-Indian however; they were hunters and gatherers who moved to
North America. The cultural traits that came with the first settlers later grew and spawned
cultural like Iroquois in North America and pharma in South America. The discovery of America
changed the world completely because here was the introduction of new crops which included
coffee, sugarcane, and wheat. There was also the introduction of the horse which changed their
Basing in Colombia, an exchange is a natural and cultural period between new and old
worlds. There are various transactions that malformed European and Native American ways of
life such as plants transfer, animals, technology, and diseases (Alden, E. H., & Strauss, R. 2016).
Starting after Columbus discovery, exchange persisted during the year of growth and
development. The exchange wedged social and cultural greasepaint of respective sides of
Atlantic. Improvement in agricultural production, warfare evolution, mortality increase rate, and
education are some of the effects of exchange on both Native Americans and European.
One positive result of Colombian interchange is that European presented Native
Americans to technology developments in weapons and the firearms. Nonetheless, there is one
negative effect of Colombian exchange which is, disease epidemics spread between European
and indigenous Americans similar (Pauwelyn, J. 2005). These epidemics were instigated by the
lack of exposure to specific illnesses. However, Europeans were attacked and affected by a wide
number of diseases, American suffered from genocide from diseases they were exposed to, such
as measles and smallpox.
During an old and new exchange, the exchange affected nearly every society worldwide
causing destructive diseases that deserted a lot of cultures and circulating large new invention
crops and livestock that increased rather than decreasing the human population (Varoufakis, Y.
2013). The exchange affected the following groups of countries positively; Asian, African,
Europe, and American. Food which was the biggest problem to most of the people become staple
to their diets; new growing regions started up for crops. For instance, earlier 1000 AD, potatoes
were not grown outside South Africa. However, in the 1840s, Ireland was dependent towards the
vegetables which diseased crop caused the devastating to Irish potato famine.
The first import in European, horse transformed several lives of Americans tribes
allowing them to change to a nomadic lifestyle which based on hunting bison on horseback.
Before the exchange of Colombian, Florida had no single orange, no banana in Ecuador, there
were no paprika in Hungary, Italy had no tomatoes, Hawaii had no pineapples, there were no
rubber trees in Africa, Texas had no cattle, Mexico had no burros, there were no chili in India
and Thailand, there were no cigarette in France and neither chocolate in Switzerland. Before the
introduction of communication in both hemispheres, the number of animals and infectious
diseases were larger in the old world compared to a new world (Varoufakis, Y. 2013). These
steered to distressing effects of old world diseases to native America populace. Smallpox
epidemic led to a death of Native Americans.
Creation of global trade positively affected the livelihood of Americans whereby it
identified as the way of transportation of cargos. These pathways allow transportation of product
hence enhancing them to reach to various distant markets. However, the way might be linked to
other smaller networks of noncommercial and commercial paths. The routs served as reliable
systems for long distances transportation or trade. For the duration of middle age, various
organizations particularly Hanseatic league intended to protect the interest of merchants, and
hence business became increasingly protuberant.
Alden, E. H., & Strauss, R. (2016). How America Stacks up: Economic Competitiveness and U.S.
Policy. New York, NY: Council on Foreign Relations.
Pauwelyn, J. (2005). The transformation of world trade. Michigan Law Review, (1), 1.
Varoufakis, Y. (2013). The Global Minotaur : America, Europe and the Future of the Global Economy.
London: Zed Books.
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