A5.1: Active Learning Assignment 5.1 – Identity

Please See attachment to for references from the text.Option 4:Several artists created multiple self-portraits. Select three self-portraits by the same artist and study them closely.What are the differences between the three selections?What was the artist exploring or conveying in each example?How did this assignment help to reinforce concepts in this chapter of the textbook? (Refer to required readings and supplementary material in your submission and include citations when appropriate.)You may select an artist or use one from the suggested list below:Sofonisba AnguissolaAlbrecht DürerRembrandtÉlisabeth-Louise Vigée-LebrunFrancisco GoyaVincent van GoghPaul GauguinPablo PicassoFrida KahloAndy WarholLucian Freud
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4/12/2017
PART 4
THEMES
Chapter 4.10
Identity, Race, and Gender in Art
Copyright © 2015 Thames & Hudson
Chapter 4.10 Identity , Race, and Gender in Art
PART 4
THEMES
Introduction
? Personal identity became a central
issue for artists during the late
twentieth century
? Artists question common
assumptions about identity
? Consider individual experience
beyond labels and stereotypes
Gateways to Art: Understanding the Visual Arts, Second Edition, Debra J. DeWitte, Ralph M. Larmann, and M. Kathryn Shields
Chapter 4.10 Identity , Race, and Gender in Art
PART 4
THEMES
Self-Portraits
? Maker and the subject are the
same
? Provide a physical likeness
? Tell us about the artist’s
personality, experiences, or
choices
? Can reference the artist in
indirect or abstract ways
Gateways to Art: Understanding the Visual Arts, Second Edition, Debra J. DeWitte, Ralph M. Larmann, and M. Kathryn Shields
1
4/12/2017
Artwork: Rembrandt van Rijn,
Self-portrait with Saskia […]
4.10.1 Rembrandt van Rijn,
Self-portrait with Saskia in the
Scene of the Prodigal Son in the
Tavern, c. 1635. Oil on canvas,
5’3?” × 4’3?”. Gemäldegalerie
Alte Meister, Dresden, Germany
Chapter 4.10 Identity, Race, and Gender in Art
PART 4
THEMES
Rembrandt, Self-portrait
with Saskia […]
? Rembrandt produced more than 90
self-portraits over 40 years
? Reflect changes in appearance and
artistic style
? Artists takes many guises, e.g. the
prodigal son from the biblical story
? Barmaid is modeled on his wife
Saskia
Gateways to Art: Understanding the Visual Arts, Second Edition, Debra J. DeWitte, Ralph M. Larmann, and M. Kathryn Shields
Artwork: van Gogh, Self-portrait
with Bandaged Ear and Pipe
4.10.2 Vincent van Gogh,
Self-portrait with Bandaged
Ear and Pipe, 1889. Oil on
canvas, 25¼ × 19¾”.
Private collection
2
4/12/2017
Chapter 4.10 Identity, Race, and Gender in Art
PART 4
THEMES
Vincent van Gogh,
Self-portrait […]
? While Van Gogh lived in the south
of France, he had an argument with
his close friend Paul Gauguin
? He then cut off part of his own ear
? Restrained but nervous lines and
bold, contrasting colors express
the agitation he experienced
during the episode
Gateways to Art: Understanding the Visual Arts, Second Edition, Debra J. DeWitte, Ralph M. Larmann, and M. Kathryn Shields
Chapter 4.10 Identity, Race, and Gender in Art
PART 4
THEMES
To learn about another artwork by Vincent van Gogh, watch this video of a MoMA lecturer talking about
Starry Night:
MoMA Video:
Vincent van Gogh,
Starry Night
Gateways to Art: Understanding the Visual Arts, Second Edition, Debra J. DeWitte, Ralph M. Larmann, and M. Kathryn Shields
Chapter 4.10 Identity, Race, and Gender in Art
PART 4
THEMES
To find out more about the life and work of Vincent van Gogh, watch:
Video:
Vincent van Gogh
in His Own Words
Gateways to Art: Understanding the Visual Arts, Second Edition, Debra J. DeWitte, Ralph M. Larmann, and M. Kathryn Shields
3
4/12/2017
Artwork: Frida Kahlo, The
Two Fridas
4.10.3 Frida Kahlo, The
Two Fridas, 1939. Oil on
canvas, 5’8” × 5’8”.
Museo de Arte Moderno,
Mexico City, Mexico
Chapter 4.10 Identity, Race, and Gender in Art
PART 4
THEMES
Frida Kahlo,
The Two Fridas
? Depicts the artist’s mixed cultural
background (Mexican/German)
? Turbulent relationship with her
husband, Diego Rivera
? Sensitive emotional content
? Holds a small picture of Rivera
? Tries to stop the flow of blood
? Hearts outside of the bodies
Gateways to Art: Understanding the Visual Arts, Second Edition, Debra J. DeWitte, Ralph M. Larmann, and M. Kathryn Shields
Artwork: Cindy Sherman,
Untitled Film Still #35
4.10.4 Cindy Sherman,
Untitled Film Still #35, 1979.
Black and white photograph,
10 × 8”. MoMA, New York
4
4/12/2017
Chapter 4.10 Identity, Race, and Gender in Art
PART 4
THEMES
Cindy Sherman,
Untitled Film Still #35
? Sherman plays the roles of
stereotyped women from imagined
1950s films
? 69 photographs in the series
? Impact of feminism: highlights
previously narrow representations
Gateways to Art: Understanding the Visual Arts, Second Edition, Debra J. DeWitte, Ralph M. Larmann, and M. Kathryn Shields
Chapter 4.10 Identity, Race, and Gender in Art
PART 4
THEMES
Perspectives on Art:
Cindy Sherman
? Images of role models from
childhood, such as Italian actress
Sophia Loren
? Became so clichéd, she stopped
making these images after 3 years
? Realized she had to be very
specific: that’s what makes people
unique
Gateways to Art: Understanding the Visual Arts, Second Edition, Debra J. DeWitte, Ralph M. Larmann, and M. Kathryn Shields
Chapter 4.10 Identity , Race, and Gender in Art
PART 4
THEMES
Feminist Critique
? In the West, women had largely
been excluded from the art world
? 1960s–1970s feminists efforts:
? Expanded the subject matter of
art
? Made it more relevant to
women’s issues
? More works made by women
included in museums and
galleries
Gateways to Art: Understanding the Visual Arts, Second Edition, Debra J. DeWitte, Ralph M. Larmann, and M. Kathryn Shields
5
4/12/2017
Artwork: Judy Chicago, The
Dinner Party
4.10.5 Judy Chicago, The Dinner Party, 1974–79. Installation view showing Georgia O’Keeffe placesetting. Embroidery on linen and
china paint on porcelain, entire work 48 × 48’. Brooklyn Museum, New York
Chapter 4.10 Identity, Race, and Gender in Art
PART 4
THEMES
Judy Chicago
The Dinner Party
? Honors women from past and
present
? Triangular table: ancient sign for
woman, symbolizes equality
? 13 settings on each side,
embroidered with a famous
woman’s name
Gateways to Art: Understanding the Visual Arts, Second Edition, Debra J. DeWitte, Ralph M. Larmann, and M. Kathryn Shields
Artwork: Gentileschi, Judith
Decapitating Holofernes
4.10.6 Artemisia Gentileschi,
Judith Decapitating
Holofernes, c. 1620. Oil on
canvas, 6’6?” × 5’3¾”.
Uffizi Gallery, Florence, Italy
6
4/12/2017
Artwork: Gentileschi, Judith
and Her Maidservant […]
4.10.7 Artemisia Gentileschi,
Judith and Her Maidservant with
the Head of Holofernes, 1623–25.
Oil on canvas, 6’?” × 4’7¾”.
Detroit Institute of Arts
Chapter 4.10 Identity, Race, and Gender in Art
PART 4
THEMES
Gateway to Art:
Self-Expression in
the Judith Paintings
? Gentileschi was the victim of a
sexual assault
? Painted 7 versions of the biblical
story of Judith and Holofernes
? First version was painted a year
after the public trial of her attacker
Gateways to Art: Understanding the Visual Arts, Second Edition, Debra J. DeWitte, Ralph M. Larmann, and M. Kathryn Shields
Chapter 4.10 Identity, Race, and Gender in Art
PART 4
THEMES
Gateway to Art:
Self-Expression in
the Judith Paintings
(contd.)
? A version from a decade later was
probably made for other reasons
? Popular theme at the time
? Previous renditions of the
subject had attracted admiration
Gateways to Art: Understanding the Visual Arts, Second Edition, Debra J. DeWitte, Ralph M. Larmann, and M. Kathryn Shields
7
4/12/2017
Artwork: Guerrilla Girls, Do
Women Have to be Naked […]
4.10.8 Guerrilla Girls, Do Women Have to be Naked to get into the Met. Museum?, 1989. Poster, dimensions variable
Chapter 4.10 Identity, Race, and Gender in Art
PART 4
THEMES
Guerrilla Girls, Do
Women Have to be
Naked […]
? Feminist collective that is still
active
? Members wear gorilla masks for
anonymity
? Protest at the unequal treatment of
female artists in the art world
Gateways to Art: Understanding the Visual Arts, Second Edition, Debra J. DeWitte, Ralph M. Larmann, and M. Kathryn Shields
Chapter 4.10 Identity , Race, and Gender in Art
PART 4
THEMES
Black Consciousness
? Later in the twentieth century,
nearly 100 years after the
Emancipation Proclamation,
African-Americans in Southern US
states still experienced legalized
discrimination and segregation
? Led to disenfranchisement,
oppression, and violence
Gateways to Art: Understanding the Visual Arts, Second Edition, Debra J. DeWitte, Ralph M. Larmann, and M. Kathryn Shields
8
4/12/2017
Still from Spike Lee’s Do the
Right Thing
4.10.9 Spike Lee, Do the Right Thing, 1989. Duration 120 minutes. 40 Acres & A Mute Filmworks
Chapter 4.10 Identity, Race, and Gender in Art
PART 4
THEMES
Spike Lee,
Do the Right Thing
? Lee’s work is characterized by a
strong commitment to social
justice issues
? Film focuses on race relations
between Italian-Americans and
African-Americans in a NYC
neighborhood
? Film is sympathetic to all parties
Gateways to Art: Understanding the Visual Arts, Second Edition, Debra J. DeWitte, Ralph M. Larmann, and M. Kathryn Shields
Artwork: Carrie Mae Weems,
“You Became a Scientific Profile”
4.10.10 Carrie Mae
Weems, “You Became
a Scientific Profile,” from
the series From Here I Saw
What Happened and I Cried,
1995. Chromogenic color
prints with sand-blasted
text on glass 25? × 22¾”,
MoMA, New York
9
4/12/2017
Chapter 4.10 Identity, Race, and Gender in Art
PART 4
THEMES
Carrie Mae Weems,
“You Became a
Scientific Profile”
? Reinterpreted nineteenth-century
photographs of African slaves
? Colored them red, framed them,
and inscribed the glass with text
? Challenges ideas of race, gender,
class
Gateways to Art: Understanding the Visual Arts, Second Edition, Debra J. DeWitte, Ralph M. Larmann, and M. Kathryn Shields
Chapter 4.10 Identity , Race, and Gender in Art
PART 4
THEMES
Identity and Ambiguity
? Roles of men and women
frequently based on ideas of what
is “normal”
? These stereotypes are frequently
challenged
? Artists from many cultures and
eras of history have sought to
address questions of identity
Gateways to Art: Understanding the Visual Arts, Second Edition, Debra J. DeWitte, Ralph M. Larmann, and M. Kathryn Shields
Artwork: Sphinx of
Hatshepsut
4.10.11 Sphinx of Hatshepsut, 18th
Dynasty, 1479–1458 BCE. Granite and
paint, 5’4?” × 11’3”. Metropolitan
Museum of Art, New York
10
4/12/2017
Chapter 4.10 Identity, Race, and Gender in Art
PART 4
THEMES
Sphinx of Hatshepsut
? Hatshepsut was a powerful female
ruler almost 3,500 years ago in
Egypt
? In sculptures, often depicted in
conventional poses of male rulers
? Shown with traditional headcloth
and royal beard, but delicate
features are not disguised
Gateways to Art: Understanding the Visual Arts, Second Edition, Debra J. DeWitte, Ralph M. Larmann, and M. Kathryn Shields
Artwork: Nikki S. Lee, Hip Hop
Project (25)
4.10.12 Nikki S. Lee, Hip Hop Project (25), 2001. Fujiflex print
Chapter 4.10 Identity, Race, and Gender in Art
PART 4
THEMES
Nikki S. Lee,
Hip Hop Project (25)
? Korean artist Nikki S. Lee joined a
number of different communities
? For the Hip Hop Project she
darkened her skin through tanning;
immersed herself in the hip hop
music scene
? Considers her identity to be very
fluid
Gateways to Art: Understanding the Visual Arts, Second Edition, Debra J. DeWitte, Ralph M. Larmann, and M. Kathryn Shields
11
4/12/2017
Artwork: Catherine Opie,
“Melissa & Lake […]”
4.10.13 Catherine Opie, “Melissa & Lake, Durham, North Carolina,” from Domestic series, 1998. Chromogenic print, 40 × 50”
Chapter 4.10 Identity, Race, and Gender in Art
PART 4
THEMES
Catherine Opie,
“Melissa & Lake,
Durham, North Carolina”
? Investigates the nuances of gender
and identity
? Domestic series: photographed
lesbian couples across the US
? Celebrates individuality
? Introduces some to new ways of
life
Gateways to Art: Understanding the Visual Arts, Second Edition, Debra J. DeWitte, Ralph M. Larmann, and M. Kathryn Shields
Chapter 4.10 Identity, Race, and Gender in Art
PART 4
THEMES
Art and Gender videos
Watch these videos to gain more insights into the theme of Art and Gender:
Video:
Angelica Kauffmann:
A Pioneering Female Artist
Video:
Audrey Flack: Photorealism and Vanitas
Gateways to Art: Understanding the Visual Arts, Second Edition, Debra J. DeWitte, Ralph M. Larmann, and M. Kathryn Shields
12
4/12/2017
Chapter 4.10 Identity, Race, and Gender in Art
PART 4
THEMES
Art and Gender videos (contd.)
Watch these videos to gain more insights into the theme of Art and Gender:
Video:
Sandro Botticelli: The Birth of Venus
Gateways to Art: Understanding the Visual Arts, Second Edition, Debra J. DeWitte, Ralph M. Larmann, and M. Kathryn Shields
Chapter 4.10 Identity, Race, and Gender in Art
PART 4
THEMES
MoMA Videos
To learn more about identity, race, and gender, watch these videos of MoMA lecturers talking about pieces from
the MoMA collection:
MoMA Video
Pablo Picasso,
Girl before a Mirror
MoMA Video:
Pablo Picasso,
Les Demoiselles d’Avignon
Gateways to Art: Understanding the Visual Arts, Second Edition, Debra J. DeWitte, Ralph M. Larmann, and M. Kathryn Shields
Chapter 4.10 Identity, Race, and Gender in Art
PART 4
THEMES
MoMA Videos (contd.)
MoMA Video
Barbara Kruger,
Untitled (You Invest in the Divinity of the
Masterpiece)
Gateways to Art: Understanding the Visual Arts, Second Edition, Debra J. DeWitte, Ralph M. Larmann, and M. Kathryn Shields
13
4/12/2017
Chapter 4.10 Identity, Race, and Gender in Art
PART 4
THEMES
Chapter 4.10 Copyright
Information
This concludes the PowerPoint slide set for Chapter 4.10
Gateways to Art: Understanding the Visual Arts
Second Edition
By Debra J. DeWitte, Ralph M. Larmann, and M. Kathryn Shields
Copyright © 2015 Thames & Hudson
PowerPoints developed by CreativeMyndz Multimedia Studios
Chapter 4.10 Identity, Race, and Gender in Art
PART 4
THEMES
Picture Credits for Chapter 4.10
4.10.1
4.10.2
4.10.3
4.10.4
Gemäldegalerie Alte Meister, Dresden
Private Collection
Museo de Arte Moderno, Mexico City. © 2012 Banco de México Diego Rivera Frida Kahlo Museums Trust,
Mexico, D.F./DACS
Courtesy the artist and Metro Pictures
4.10.5
Brooklyn Museum, Gift of the Elizabeth A. Sackler Foundation, 2002.10. Photo © Donald Woodman.
© Judy Chicago, 1979. © ARS, NY and DACS, London 2012
4.10.6
Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence
4.10.7
4.10.8
Detroit Institute of Arts, Gift of Mr. Leslie H. Green
Copyright © by Guerrilla Girls, Inc. Courtesy www.guerrillagirls.com
4.10.9 Universal/The Kobal Collection
4.10.10 Museum of Modern Art, New York, Gift on behalf of The Friends of Education of The Museum of Modern Art,
Acc. no. 70.1997.2. Photo 2012, Museum of Modern Art, New York/Scala, Florence. Courtesy the artist and
Jack Shainman Gallery, New York
4.10.11 Metropolitan Museum of Art, Rogers Fund, 1931, Acc. no. 31.3.166. Photo Metropolitan Museum of Art/Art
Resource/Scala, Florence
4.10.12 Courtesy the artist and Sikkema Jenkins & Co.
4.10.13 Courtesy Regen Projects, Los Angeles
PowerPoints developed by CreativeMyndz Multimedia Studios
14

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