Read the 10 articles attached,and then answer the attachment article discussion template question ( use dissection cheatsheet to know what he is looking for every question), Example of an article dissection attached as ARTICLE 1 example 8 articles will be attached and 2 are LINKS :1- http://www.pnas.org.ezproxy.uakron.edu:2048/content/114/46/12162.full2- http://www.mdpi.com/2076-0760/7/2/29/htm
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Name: Sara AlGhofaily
Author: Jason P. Casellas1 and Sophia J. Wallace
Title: The Role of Race, Ethnicity, and Party on Attitudes Toward Descriptive
Journal Citation: Casellas, J. P., & Wallace, S. J. (2015). The role of race, ethnicity, and
party on attitudes toward descriptive representation. American Politics Research, 43(1),
1. Quantitative or Qualitative
This is a quantitative type of research as it is focused on examining the existing
variation in the racial and ethnic groups as well as the partisan attitudes that are
towards the legislators as well as representation. The research analyzes the impact
of the various variables on the existing attitude towards representation using data
that has been acquired from the Cooperative Congressional Election Survey.
2. Research Question
What is the variation in racial and ethnic groups as well as the partisan attitudes
that exist towards the legislators and representation.
3. Qualitative: The purpose of this study is to determine the variation that exists in
ethnic and racial groups as well as the partisan attitudes that these groups have
towards representation and legislators.
Hypothesis 1- African Americans as well as Latinos are more inclined to have a
descriptive kind of representation and will feel that having a representative that is
co-ethnic is important.
4. Quantitative: Measurement of variables
a) Independent variables- Race, ethnicity
b) Dependent variables- the conviction of the individual towards choosing their
5. Research design- Survey was carried out and data from the survey utilized.
6. Sampling- the data was analyzed and probability was used to determine how the
different variables affected the choice of the individual in regard to their
7. Data collection- an instrument of survey was fielded on the Cooperative
Congressional Election Survey (CCES).
8. 8. Data analysis- CCES conducted the survey then used a sample that was
randomly matched, that entails the collection of a sample from the population
randomly and then goes on to identify a member from the panel that matches to a
member in the target population.
9. Authors conclusion- the conclusion is that the attitudes of these minority groups
ultimately dictate the kind of representative that they will choose to represent
them. The conclusion is that these minority respondents put more value on the
descriptive kind of representation due to discrimination as well as a history of
Core concepts of the findings
Descriptive representation- this is seen when a member of the legislature shares
one ethnicity, race, as well as gender with the individual that elected them.
Substantive representation- this is in reference to the different actions that a
legislator pursues on behalf of his constituents.
Symbolic representation- this happens when an individual of the same ethnicity,
race as well as gender is chosen to be the representative without the substantive
Cheat sheet for Article Dissections
This cheat sheet is designed to jog your memory and provide you with some
key words that articles might use. It is NOT exhaustive by any means. You
might need to refer back to your notes, the book and the overheads to make sure
that you are capturing the correct terminology.
Measures – if you get stuck, remember to diagram cause and effect. This should
help clarify what is an independent and dependent variable.
Independent Variable: sex, race, age, party id, prior record
Dependent Variable: recidivism (measured differently, choose one: arrest,
Control Variable (optional, but try): often demographics
Data Collection what technique the researcher used to get the
Surveys (face-to-face; telephone; web; mail)
o Secondary data analysis (i.e., U.S. Census 2000)
Content Analysis: books, songs
Research Design most likely, this is unlisted. You will need to categorize the
research design based on the explanation provided in the methodology. It may
be helpful to draw out the research design, using the X, O, R notation.
Classical Experimental: Latin Squares, Solomon, four group
Sampling this is where the observations came from, the source of the data.
Probability: simple random, systematic random, cluster
Nonprobability: convenience, judgmental, snowball, quota
Must have n=
What types of people were included: all republicans, only women,
Data Analysis: does not matter how data was collected, only matters in statistics
o X, medians, modes, standard deviation
Bivariate: chi square, comparisons of means, T-tests, degrees of freedom
o Two variables; article on springboard is bivariate
o Usually is explicitly said; we used a ____ regression
1. Quantitative or Qualitative
2. Research Question
3. Qualitative: What is the purpose of this study?
4. Qualitative: Main variables of interest or what are the primary issues they focus
on? What are the main sections of the article? What core concepts do they study
and how do they define them?
Quantitative: Measurement of Variables:
a. Independent Variable(s)
b. Dependent Variable(s)
5. Quantitative Only: Research Design:
6. Quantitative Only: Sampling:
7. Data Collection:
8. Qualitative: Summary of the findings:
Quantitative: Data Analysis:
9. Authors Conclusions:
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