Answer these multiple choice questions in the attachment

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1. To broker a truce between Catholic and Protestant factions in France during the sixteenth century,
the French royal family:
A. promised that Protestants would be able to openly practice their faith.
B. declared the south of France autonomous Protestant territory.
C. invited Protestants to join New World colonies.
D. arranged a marriage between a powerful Protestant prince and the Catholic daughter of the
reigning king of France.
E. massacred the elite of Protestant Society on St. Bartholomew’s Day 1572.
2. The truce between Catholics and Protestants brokered by the marriage of Henry of Navarre into the
French royal family was broken because:
A. the marriage never took place.
B. violence broke out between the religious factions within a year of the marriage.
C. there was an organized slaughter of Protestant aristocratic wedding guests on the morning of the
wedding.
D. Henry III of France invaded Navarre hoping to annex the territory to France.
E. the pope declared the marriage invalid.
3. The Edict of Nantes:
A. guaranteed religious and political freedoms to Protestants throughout France.
B. recognized Catholicism as the official religion of France but allowed Protestants certain rights.
C. recognized Protestantism as the official religion of France but allowed Catholics certain rights.
D. banned all Huguenots from universities.
E. allowed Catholics admission to all professions and universities.
4. From an international perspective, the Peace of Westphalia (1648) marked the:
A. emergence of Germany as a European “great power.”
B. emergence of France as the dominant power in Europe, eclipsing Spain.
C. end of Habsburg influence in central Europe.
D. emergence of Germany as a Protestant country.
E. emergence of Austria as the dominant power in Europe, eclipsing France.
5. How did the Thirty Years’ War illustrate the complexities of religion and statehood?
6. The government of France under Louis XIV would be best described as:
A. highly centralized, with everyone being appointed by and reporting to the king.
B. highly decentralized: Louis appointed able people and left them to do their jobs.
C. chaotic, with no clear lines of authority or responsibility.
D. uneven, as every government official simply tried to do what he thought the king wanted.
E. a constitutional monarchy, with a system of checks and balances between the different branches.
7. England’s Glorious Revolution created the necessary climate to increase the power of the:
A. king.
B. lower class and wage laborers.
C. commercial classes.
D. peasant farmers.
E. clerics of the Anglican Church.
8. In his Two Treatises of Government, John Locke argued that:
A. no group of people has the right to dissolve civil society.
B. wealth should be distributed equally among all members of society.
C. kings should rule society absolutely, as fathers rule households.
D. legitimate government authority is conditional and contractual.
E. the theory upholding the absolute, divine right of kings was unassailable.
9. Which of the following best describes Sir Isaac Newton’s attitude toward Christianity?
A. Religion is nothing more than the “opiate of the masses.”
B. All religions must be rejected because they are contrary to human reason.
C. All worldly concerns must be rejected in order for the soul to be saved.
D. Science and faith are compatible and mutually supporting.
E. Christianity is a superstition that ought to be rejected when tested by science.
10. A cornerstone of Enlightenment thinking was skepticism, as developed by the Scottish philosopher:
A. Immanuel Kant.
B. Robert Hooke.
C. Isaac Newton.
D. David Hume.
E. John Cabot.
11. One of the most remarkable publications of prerevolutionary France was Denis Diderot’s:
A. The Spirit of Laws.
B. Philosophical Letters.
C. Nathan the Wise.
D. Encyclopedia.
E. Candide.
12. The life and career of Cesare Beccaria was dedicated to the idea that:
A. the only legitimate rationale for punishment was to maintain the social order.
B. the philosophes should become, following Plato, the rulers of the world.
C. the philosophes were atheists and should be persecuted as heretics.
D. human progress would result from a completely new scientific method.
E. the laws ought to be reformed to protect middle-class private property.
13. According to Jean-Jacques Rousseau, freedom meant:
A. the worst corruption of the “social contract.”
B. equal citizens obeying the laws they had made themselves.
C. the total absence of any restraints within a society.
D. the ability of human beings to think on their own.
E. having nothing left to lose.
14. Napoleon’s governmental accomplishments included all of the following EXCEPT:
A. the orderly return of church lands confiscated during the revolution.
B. the containment of the price inflation that had stymied earlier revolutionary governments.
C. the introduction of a moore efficient and fairer system of taxation.
D. the confirmation of meritocratic principles in government offices.
E. the replacement of elected officials with centrally appointed prefects.
15. Arguably, the most important conceptual legacy of the French Revolution was embodied in the
term:
A. “nation.”
B. “citizen.”
C. “patriotism.”
D. “assembly.”
E. “comrade.”
16. Summarize the chronology of French Revolution, why did the Great Horror happen?
17. One of the most important preconditions of industrialization, best established in Great Britain, was:
A. an extensive system of paved highways maintained by the government.
B. a small urban population.
C. its widespread railway system wholly owned by the government.
D. a commercialized system of agriculture.
E. a small rural population.
18. The British “navvies” were:
A. feminists who argued for “equal pay for equal work.”
B. the construction workers who built the railways.
C. sailors of Her Majesty’s navy serving in India.
D. the construction workers who built factories throughout the British Empire.
E. natives who worked for British companies in the colonies.
19. Continental Europe lagged behind Great Britain in industrializing due primarily to:
A. a lack of natural resources and capital to finance factories.
B. the French Revolution and the Napoleonic Wars.
C. an inexplicable decline in the birthrate throughout Europe.
D. a lack of interest in moving from the countryside to cities.
E. a change in climate that prompted massive immigration from Europe.
20. What was the goal of Corn Laws, and why were they repealed?
21. Principle of the peace sought by the Congress of Vienna was:
A. the balance of power.
B. the restoration of the French monarchy.
C. the creed of economic and political liberalism.
D. the utilitarianism of the Benthamites.
E. a balance of power.
22. The revolutions in South America were aided in 1823 when the United States issued the:
A. Doctrine of Manifest Destiny.
B. Jefferson/Jackson Doctrine.
C. Monroe Doctrine.
D. Treaty of La Plata.
E. Madison Memorandum.
23.The fiercest critic of British industrial society was the poet:
A. William Blake.
B. Samuel Taylor Coleridge.
C. John Constable.
D. John Keats.
E. Percy Bysshe Shelley.
24. One of the best-known examples of Romantic fiction, Frankenstein, was written by:
A. Mary Keats.
B. Mary Wollstonecraft.
C. Mary Shelley.
D. Mary Bysshe.
E. Mary Byron.
25. The term Realpolitik was closely associated with:
A. Friedrich von Schiller.
B. Ludwig Feuerbach.
C. Otto von Bismarck.
D. Arthur Schopenhauer.
E. Rosa Luxemburg.
26. The Franco-Prussian War was waged:
A. because Bismarck wanted to annex Schleswig and Holstein.
B. in order to destroy the North German Confederation.
C. as the final stage in German unification.
D. to reduce the power of the Habsburg empire.
E. to allow Bismarck to seize power in Prussia.
27. The British were especially interested in controlling the Suez Canal because it:
A. guaranteed their control of Egypt.
B. allowed them to control their mandate of Palestine.
C. demonstrated their superiority over the French.
D. cut the travel time to their colony of India in half.
E. allowed them to complete the “Cape-to-Cairo” railroad.
28. The Sepoy Rebellion had as its immediate cause the:
A. appointment of Queen Victoria’s nephew as head of the East India Company.
B. major defeat suffered by the British army at the battle of Mukden.
C. East India Company’s policy of refusing to ship opium out of India.
D. assassination of the popular Indian leader Raj Mahal in Calcutta.
E. refusal of Indian troops to use rifle cartridges greased with pork fat.
29. The Opium Wars began when:
A. most European nations prohibited the smoking of opium.
B. the United States intensified its expansion into Asia.
C. opium prices rose due to a series of bad harvests.
D. the Chinese banned opium imports.
E. the British decriminalized the use of opium, thus driving prices down.
30. The abuses of the Congo Free State were publicized by writers such as Joseph Conrad in his book:
A. Out of Africa.
B. The Heart of Darkness.
C. Darkness at Noon.
D. Black Athena.
E. The Wretched of the Earth.
31. The theory that human beings were composed of three races, the “black,” “yellow,” and “white,” with
the “white” being the superior race, was proposed in The Inequality of the Races by:
A. Adolf Hitler.
B. Houston Stewart Chamberlain.
C. Francis Galton.
D. Charles Darwin.
E. Arthur de Gobineau.
32. Social scientists of the late nineteenth century often reached experimental results that undermined the
very scientific method they employed, since those results generally showed that human beings were:
A. rational.
B. the product of their environment.
C. irrational.
D. the product of heredity.
E. a blank slate at birth.
33. Sigmund Freud argued that mental disorders are caused by:
A. mental images created during our dream states.
B. physiological responses to environmental stimuli.
C. chemical imbalances in the brain.
D. a conflict between natural drives and cultural restraints.
E. a lack of environmental restraints of people’s actions.

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