Appling Consequentialist Ethical Theory Overview

Write a report based upon the Consequentialist ethical theories learned during the course of this milestone. Your instructor wants you and your co-workers to think about your own moral viewpoint. Analyze the motivation behind some of the decisions you have made and the actions you have taken and try to determine the extent to which you were motivated by self-interest. Have you ever done, what might be called, a purely altruistic act? Does this analysis of motivation lead you to believe that psychological egoism is an accurate description of how human beings live their lives? To what extent do you agree and if not, why? (Thiroux 44)Review the Sample for Case Study , to complete this task and meet the expectations of how the case study is to be compiled.You should cite all sources by using a number in parentheses after the sentence in which a source was utilized, keyed to a reference list below your completed answer with the full citation in MLA format. Like this:Human beings have been described as “symbol-using animals” (Burke 3). An artistic example of this can be seen in Paul Klee’s “Twittering Machine” (Klee).Works CitedBurke, Kenneth. Language as Symbolic Action: Essays on Life, Literature, and Method. Berkeley: U of California P, 1966.Klee, Paul. Twittering Machine. 1922. Museum of Modern Art, New York. The Artchive. “Klee: Twittering Machine.” 22 May 2006 http://artchive.com/artchive/K/klee/twittering_machine.jpg.html Submission SpecificationsConsequentialist Ethical Theory Case Study in a Microsoft Word document named LastnameFirstinitial_M1T2_CaseStudy_PHI1010.doc that includes:200-word (minimum) essay
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Sample for Case Study
In “Mr. Truman’s Degree,” Elizabeth Anscombe wrote, “Come now, if you had to choose between boiling
one baby and letting some frightful disaster befall a thousand people—or a million people, if a thousand is
not enough—what would you do?” (Anscombe 64).
She was arguing that Truman was wrong to kill innocent civilians, including babies, when he ordered the
bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
Anscombe presented a deontological argument. Some acts, regardless of their consequences, are
always wrong. The word deontological comes from the Greek word deon, which translates to “duty.” For
deontologists, it is the character of the act that matters more than the consequences of an act. Immanuel
Kant is a famous deontologist. He argued that we should never do an act unless we would universally will
it. That is, we should never lie and we should never kill innocent people.
Those that justified the bombings presented both utilitarian and ethical egoist arguments. Utilitarians
argued that it is morally acceptable to kill innocent civilians, even babies, if it does the greatest good
overall. They argued that more lives were probably saved by these bombings because the war ended
shortly after these attacks.
Ethical egoists argued that it saved more American lives. We need to look out for ourselves, and it is
natural that we should value American lives over other human lives. Hence, Truman’s actions were
morally justified when he ordered the bombs to be dropped.
A passage in the textbook states:
Could President Harry Truman have foreseen all of the consequences of his decision to drop the
atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki during World War II? Obviously he could determine
the more immediate consequences, such as the shortening of the war and the saving of
American lives. But could he have foreseen the long-range consequences: the cold war, the
development of the hydrogen and neutron bombs, the stockpiling of nuclear weapons to the point
of “overkill,” the radiation fallout and consequent pollution of the atmosphere, and so on?
(Krasemann 47)
Deontologists argue that certain moral rules exist that place restrictions on our conduct that cannot be
violated for the sake of any outcome. What do you think? Was bombing Hiroshima and Nagasaki morally
justified? What reasons support your claim? What ethical theory supports your position? Please submit a
response of at least 150 words. You must include terminology and concepts from the textbook into your
main post.
Works Cited:
Anscombe, G. E. M. “Mr. Truman’s Degree”. Ethics Religion and Politics: Collected Philosophical Papers,
Vol. III. Minneapolis: U of Minnesota Press, 1981.
Krasemann, Jacques P. Thiroux and Keith W. Ethics: Theory and Practice. 10th ed. Pearson Learning
Solutions, 2008. Web. 16 May 2017. .

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