Arts of the Pacific and of the Americas

Choose a design format for your presentation, and lay out each slide There are plenty of options for slide layout under the “Design” tab, or when you create a new presentation. You may use the same layout for all applicable movements, or change layouts between each movement to suit that movement. Consider these tips: Don’t overlap text on an image if it’s too difficult to read (usually the case). Use a more solid background and choose a contrasting text color.Include at least one relevant image per slide so they aren’t too text-heavy (except title slide).Consider the composition of every slide. Arrange the space in an appealing, easy-to-navigate way.You may use Animations, but it is not a requirement.Sometimes, simplicity is best!

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Getting Started
Read the assigned chapter- (see below)
Group 7- Chapter 20 “Arts of the Pacific and of the Americas” – Presentation Date- 04/27
Follow up with research on your section of art history with research online.
-Here are some links to get you started

Assignments & Rubrics

-You are required to pull information from at least 2 resources outside of the
Once you have fully researched your subject, create a presentation on PowerPoint or Prezi.
The presentation must be between 10-15 minutes long. To insure that every group has time
to present, a buzzer will sound at the 15-minute mark and you will be asked to stop.
You will also compose a list of questions pertaining to your subject that is 10 questions long.
These questions must be found in your outside research and not pulled from the text book.
This questionnaire will be formatted as multiple choice or true false. In addition to providing
the questions you must provide the answers to the questions. Questions will be pulled from
your questionnaire and used on the final exam. You must submit a hard copy of your
questionnaire at the time of your presentation.
You are required to turn in your presentation by 11am on the date of your presentation via
Google drive. You must turn it in by 11 to insure that I can open it. If you do not turn the
presentation in to me by 11am on your presentation, your grade will be docked 25%.
Note- Make sure that you give me access to the presentation. If I am unable to open the
presentation, your group will receive a 0.
Below you will find a basic layout for your presentation
Title Slide
• Name of movement
• Dates
#4 & #5,
Basic Info
• Location in the world where the movement took place
• What was going on in the world at that time, in that location,
that may have influenced the development of this
movement? Or was the movement simply a revolt against the
previous movement’s principles and/or aesthetic?
Visual Characteristics
• What did the artwork look like? What are the similarities in
artwork from that movement? i.e., Subject matter, style,
compositional techniques, media, etc.
• How does this style visually compare to the previous style?
Famous Artists & Artwork
• Research two artists who are pioneers of the movement. Give a
brief bio.
• Provide at least two examples of artwork from each
artist. Include the artwork title, date, and medium.
• Include all artwork images (should be high-resolution)
• You will have more than one art movement, repeat
slides 1-5 per movement
Apply to
all slides
• Create a bulleted reference list for where you found your
information (websites, books, magazines, etc.). You don’t have
to use APA or MLA formats. You may use any reputable
website, including Wikipedia.
Design: Visual Appearance and Layout of Text/Images
• Correct order of slides
• Slide layout:
o Text easy to read, and there’s not too much of it;
bullets are encouraged whenever possible
o At least one relevant image was included on each slide
(title slide imagery is optional)
o Text is scaled and lined up appropriately
o Awkward negative space was avoided
o Slide design is visually appealing and appropriate
o All slide content has high contrast with the background
Choose a design format for your presentation, and lay out each slide
There are plenty of options for slide layout under the “Design” tab, or when you create a new
presentation. You may use the same layout for all applicable movements, or change layouts between
each movement to suit that movement. Consider these tips:
Don’t overlap text on an image if it’s too difficult to read (usually the case). Use a more solid
background and choose a contrasting text color.
Include at least one relevant image per slide so they aren’t too text-heavy (except title slide).
Consider the composition of every slide. Arrange the space in an appealing, easy-to-navigate
You may use Animations, but it is not a requirement.
Sometimes, simplicity is best!
Proofread your presentation! Check for spelling, grammar, and syntax
You may use bullet points instead of complete sentences.
You don’t have to use any citations. Just don’t forget to include websites, books, etc. on your
reference slides.
Practice pronunciation. Make sure that you know how to pronounce names, places, and simple
English words.
In addition to the required group information included in the actual PowerPoint, Each student will
need to have prepared ONE additional “interesting fact” to verbally present
along the PowerPoint presentation.
These “interesting facts” should NOT appear in the actual PowerPoint itself, but instead should be given
verbally by the student during the presentation. Each student should give an “interesting fact” on at least
one movement, and should somehow enhance the presentation. These may be written on notecards for use
during the presentation.
How to give a great oral presentation (by Michelle Jubin)
Practice Practice Practice. Be clear. Look up. Breathe. Speak slowly.
Explain the problem and set up the solution in your first three lines, aka: give the listeners your
thesis and conclusion(s) upfront, and then explicate them in your presentation.
Everyone gets nervous. You are not alone, and you can do it!
Dress Appropriately
Preparation is the key to giving an effective presentation and to controlling your nervousness. Know your
topic well. You will be the expert on the topic in the classroom. Good preparation and the realization that
you are the expert will boost your self-confidence.
After your research, you will find that you know much more about your topic than you will have time to
present. That is a good thing. It will allow you to compose a good introduction, to distill out the main, most
important points that need to be made, and to finish with a strong conclusion.
Visual aids
Visual aids (maps, photos, film clips, graphs, diagrams, and charts) can enhance a presentation.
Keep visual aids simple and uncluttered
Use color and contrast for emphasis but use them in moderation
Use a font large enough to be seen from the back of the room
A rule of thumb: slides are readable from the back of a room if they are readable at a distance of 9 feet
from a 15” monitor
For an 10-15 minute talk use no more than 15 slides or overheads
If using PowerPoint, strongly resist the temptation to use sound effects and dramatic slide transitions
Handouts provide structure. They can provide supplemental material, references, a glossary of terms,
and serve as a record of the presentation. The handout should be attractively laid out and inviting to read.
Leave enough “white space” on the handout for the listener to take notes.
A handout should be a page long and include:
Your name
Title of course
Date of presentation
Title of your presentation
Brief abstract (50 word summary of your presentation)
A brief outline of your presentation including the major points
A bibliography of references used to inform the presentation
Practice giving your presentation to yourself. Speak out loud and time yourself. Practice with a “test”
audience – your roommate, your mum, your cat. Practice using your visual aids.
It is absolutely important that you adhere to your time limit. Your professor knows that you know more
about your topic than you will have time to share. Your goal is to inform, not overwhelm. In this case, less
can be more.
A note on fear and nervousness
Accept nervousness for what it is – part of the preparation for speaking and it is a good thing. It heightens
your senses and gets your blood pumping. You will think clearly and move faster. Everyone will feel
nervous. A good preparation will increase your self-confidence. Once you get going, your good
preparation will kick in and before you know it, your presentation will be over.
Assessment Rubric for a presentation
A. Organization and Development of Content
Opening statement gained immediate attention?
Purpose of presentation made clear?
Previewed contents of speech?
Main ideas stated clearly and logically?
Organizational pattern easy to follow?
Main points explained or proved by supporting points?
Variety of supporting points (testimony, statistics, etc.)
Conclusion adequately summed up main points, purpose?
B. Delivery
Presenter “owned the space” and was in control?
Held rapport with audience throughout speech?
Eye contact to everyone in audience?
Strong posture and meaningful gestures?
C. Visuals
Visuals clear and visible to entire audience?
Creative and emphasized main points?
Presenter handled unobtrusively and focused on audience?
D. Voice
Rate (pacing)
Energetic and included everyone in dialogue?
Ch 20
The Americas No one knows for sure when humans first occupied the double continent of
the Americas or those people came from. The most widely accepted theory is that sometime
before 13,000 years ago and possibly as early as 30,000 years ago rating peoples crossed
over a land linking Siberia with Alaska, then gradually pushed southward, hospitable places
in which to dwell Firm evidence of human presence at the South America has recently been
dated to about 12,500 years ago indicating that by then both continents were populated, if
only sparsely we can identify developed cultures in three important centers: the Northwest
Coast of North America, the fertile plateaus and coastal lowlands of Mesoamerica, and the
Pacific Coast of South America. During the ensuing centuries, peoples i these and other
territories created rich and sophisticated artistic expressions. Their early art has sometimes
been called “pre-Columbian,” meaning that it was created before Columbus voyages to the
Americas. The term acknowledges that the arrival of Europeans changed everything, and
that the civilizations of the Americas were pted as decisively as if they had been by a
meteor. Yet it is best to approach them on their own terms and not to think of them as
“before something else. After all, they did not think of themselves as coming “before
anything but, rather after their many predecessors, whose achievements they knew and
admired Mesoamerica Mesoamerica” describes a region that extends from north of the
Valley of Mexico (the location of present-day Mexico City) through the western portion of
modern Honduras. Mesoamerica is a cultural and historical designation as well as a
geographical one, for the civilizations that arose in this region shared
many features, including the cultivation of building of pyramids, a belief in the role of similar
deities, an important ritual ball game, and a human blood in sustaining gods and the
universe. peoples themselves were conscious of their common cultural background. Thus,
the Aztecs, who were most at the time of the Spanish conquests of the early 16th century,
collected and admired jade sculptures by the Olmec, whose civilization had flourished two
thousand years earlier. civilization, which flourished between about 1500 and 300 B.c E. n
called the “mother culture” of Mesoamerica, for it seems to have institutionalized the
features that mark later civilizations of the region. The principal centers were concentrated
in a small region on the Gulf of Mexico, but the influence of Olmec culture extended over a
much broader area. Chapter 11 illustrated one of the colossal stone heads carved Olmec
sculptors (see 11.10). Chapter 2 included a finely worked olmec depicting a shaman (see
2.37) Olmec leaders may have derived their by claiming ability as shamans. Rulers in later
Mesoamerican societ were also expected to have privileged access to the sacred realm. A
few centuries after the decline of the Olmecs, the city of Teotihuacan to the northeast of
present-day Mexico City, began its rise to promi cities in the world. Laid out in a grid with
streets at righ y covered 9 square had a Mesoamerica influence over the rest of do not know
though whether this was through trade or through conquest we of pyramid The heart of the
city was its ceremonial center a complex ba temples lining a the region long after
Teotihuacan the who arrived in were capable abandoned, it seemed hardly possible that
humans the gods had such They viewed the city as a structure the Pyr ed the universe, and
it was they who name largest mid of the Sun (20.7), Made of s origi a height of over 210
feet. temple tamia. directly beneath the cente ziggurats mountains. Excavations ically
understood as a spring g to a natural cave containing water a omblike source that was
considered sacred by the city’s original inhabitants.
Farther north along the Avenue of the Dead is a large sunken plaza surrounded by temple
platforms, The focal point of this complex, the Temple of the Feathered Serpent, gives us
our first look at a deity shared by many of the Mesoamerican civilizations (20.8). The Olmec
pantheon included a feathered serpent, although its exact meaning is unclear. To the Aztecs,
the feathered serpent was Quetzalcoatl, the god of windstorms that bring rain. Here,
representations of the deity- its aggressive head emerging from a collar of feathers
alternate with the more abstract figure of the god of rain distinguished by his goggle eyes.
Rain, water, and the wind that brought them were essential to the agricultural societies of
Mesoamerica. One of the most fascinating of all Mesoamerican civilizations was that of the
Maya, which arose in the southeastern portion of Mesoamerica, pri- marily in the Yucatan
Peninsula and present-day Guatemala. Mayan culture began to form around 1000 B c E.,
probably under the influence of the Olmecs The Maya themselves come into focus just after
the final decline of Olmec civilization around 300 B.c.E. Mayan civilization flourished most
spectacu arly between 250 and 900 c E. It was still in existence when the Spanish arrived in
the early 16th century, however, and speakers of Mayan languages live in the region toda
Among their other accomplishments (including astronomy, biology, and the mathematical
concept of zero), the Maya developed the most sophisti cated version of the Mesoamerican
calendar and the most advanced the region’s many writing systems. Scholars began to crack
the code of Mayan writing in the 1960s, and since then the steady deciphering of
inscriptions has provided new insights into Mayan civilization, in the process overturning
much of what earlier scholars assumed The Maya were not a single state but a culture with
many centers, each ruled by a hereditary lord and an elite class of nobles. Warfare between
the centers was common, and its purpose but of war were needed for the human sacrifices
that were thought necessary to sustain the and maintain the The official and ceremonial
architecture of the Maya was meant to impress, and it does (20.9). The pho Temple here
shows the structures known as the Palace and the of the at in the Chiapas region of Mexico.
Th dynasty of Palenque was founded in 431 and prominence
under Lord Pa died in 683 c was buried in a small chamber deep benea the Temple of the
Inscriptions. The lid of his sarcopha illustrated Set The probably served an administrative
and on raised terrace, it is as levels around three court of the Like of the Inscriptions atop
the the Palace take the form of many their open porches galleries. The square (To review
support massive stone ceilings with page the A series of murals discovered at Bonampak, in
Mexico, help us imagine kinds of that took place in Mayan appreciate are today badly
Painted best this careful faded and crumbling, and copy that their original col- we them i
throne In depict events surrounding the presentation of an heir to the the upper band,
nobles and lords We can four of the clearly in this view, with their white capes and feathercrowned head dresses Vertical panels of writing next to them record their names. The
assembly continues around the wall to the right and culminates with a view of the young
himself (not visible here). In the lowest band, a evidently noisy procession winds around the
walls against a vivid and background The jaguar pelts, finely woven textiles, abundant
jewelry, oth feathered ornaments the Maya have not survived, but this mural and of ers like
it allow us to restore a sense of color and pageantry to the desert ruins we study today.
primar The first scholars to study the Maya believed that their art was ily sacred and
depicted cosmic events such as stories of the gods. Thanks to our understanding of Mayan
writing we now realize Mayan art almost entirely concerned with history. Like the mural at
Bonampak, it memorial izes rulers and portrays important moments of their reigns.
Preeminent among Mayan are narrative stone relief carvings such as this lintel from arts in
Yaxchilan, Mexico (20 The scene is the second in a sequence of three compositions that
portray a royal bloodletting ceremony Bloodletting was a central Mayan practice, and
almost every ritually impor tant occasion was marked by it. Lady xoc, the principal wife of
Lord Shield Jaguar, is seated at the lower right. The previous panel showed her pulling a
thorn-lined rope through her tongue in the presence of Shield Jaguar him self. Here, she
experiences the hallucinatory vision that was the ceremony’s purpose. From the bowl of
blood and ritual implements on the floor before her there rises the Vision Serpent. A
warrior, possibly one of Shield Jaguar’s ancestors, issues from its gaping jaws. Dated with
the Mayan equivalent of October 23, 681 c.E., the ceremony probably marked the accession
of Shield Jaguar as ruler. Bloodletting and the visions it produced seem to have been the
Mayan rulers’ way of communicating with the spirits and gods. This communication was
their privilege, their duty, and the source of their power

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