Background and Significance Sections of the Grant Proposal

For this week’s assignment, you will complete the Background
(including a literature review) and Significance sections of your grant
proposal following the Grant Proposal Guidelines (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.. See the Sample Grant Proposal Template (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.
as an example and use it as a template for your Grant Proposal. The
more complete your assignment is, the more feedback you will receive for
the Final Project. In addition, you will create the References page for
your proposal by taking the sources from your Week Two annotated
bibliography and converting them into a standard APA-formatted References list (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site..
Be sure to include at least five more peer-reviewed sources on your
References page (so that you have at least 15 sources as required for
the Final Project).Carefully review the Grading Rubric (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. for the criteria that will be used to evaluate your assignment.
annotated_bibliography.doc

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Effects of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy on the Mentally Incapacitated
Effects of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy on the Mentally Incapacitated
Jonnathan Estrada
PSY625: Biological Bases of Behavior
Nicola Lucas
04/10/2018
1
Effects of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy on the Mentally Incapacited
Effects of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy on the Mentally Incapacitated
Specific Aims
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is regarded as a treatment which will be useful
when it comes to the treatment of some problems which will include drug and alcohol abuse
problems, anxiety disorder and depression. Persons who are suffering from PTSD and will
likely be suffering from severe mental illness may benefit from the use of cognitive
behavioral therapy. The grant proposal seeks to see whether there will be an effect of the
CBT on persons who are not only who have post-traumatic stress disorder but are also
severely mentally ill.
Hence, the main goal of this proposal will revolve around the effect and determine if
there is an effect of the treatment and if the treatment is not adequate. Another purpose which
will be established in this proposal will revolve around cognitive limits which will be
evaluated from the response from the cognitive behavioral therapy. The clinical outcomes as
a result of the application of the treatment of the persons with PTSD and are suffering from
severe mental illness will also be another goal.
One of the expected outcomes of this proposal will be the treatment of the severe
mental illness through the use of the CBT. Another result which will likely be visible will be
an improvement or the treatment of the PTSD among the persons who are involved in the
research. The last outcome will be the improvement when it comes to cognitive functioning I
the persons who are involved in the research. The impact of the results obtained from the
proposed study will revolve around the use of CBT in patients who are suffering from not
only PTSD but are also suffering from severe mental illness. The outcomes will determine
whether the treatment will be effective after its application. If it is useful, it will prove that
CBT can be used on other patients with different problems for their treatment which will lead
to the clinical practice being used in other areas which revolve around cognitive functioning.
2
Effects of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy on the Mentally Incapacited
Annotated Bibliography
Vahia, V. N. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders 5: A quick glance.
Indian Journal of Psychiatry, 55(3), 220.
The journal provides information on the history of mental illness where the earliest
documentation on epidemiological data when it comes to the disease is 1840. The
methodology focuses on the DSM IV-TR and also includes a study with the number
of the participants being 397. The article provides insight into mental illnesses which
will be beneficial during the treatment through the use of cognitive behavioral
therapy.
Blanchard, E. B., Jones-Alexander, J., Buckley, T. C., & Forneris, C. A. (1996).
Psychometric properties of the PTSD Checklist (PCL). Behavior research and therapy,
34(8), 669-673.
The article goes through the psychometric properties which will exist in the checklist
that will focus on 40 participants who are either victims of sexual assault or were
involved in accidents. The value of the PTSD Checklist will be beneficial in the
proposal since it will help to determine whether the use of CBT has affected
participants who are suffering from PTSD.
Breslau, N., Lucia, V. C., & Alvarado, G. F. (2006). Intelligence and other predisposing
factors in exposure to trauma and posttraumatic stress disorder: a follow-up study at age
17 years. Archives of general psychiatry, 63(11), 1238-1245.
The study focuses on the risks associated with post-traumatic stress disorder. The
primary objective of the study was to examine the intelligence that will influence
PTSD. The study will prove useful in providing a glimpse of cognitive-neuroscience
since there is a link which exists between intelligence and mental illness.
3
Effects of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy on the Mentally Incapacited
De Gracia Dominguez, M., Viechtbauer, W., Simons, C. J., van Os, J., & Krabbendam, L.
(2009). Are psychotic psychopathology and neurocognition orthogonal? A systematic
review of their associations. Psychological Bulletin, 135(1), 157.
The article provides information based on the systematic review of studies which had
occurred regarding psychosis and neurocognitive impairment. The research further
delves deeper into severe mental illness by the age of the person, their gender and how
critical the disability is.
Ehlers, A., & Clark, D. M. (2000). A cognitive model of posttraumatic stress disorder.
Behavior research and therapy, 38(4), 319-345.
The journal focuses on post-traumatic stress disorder and the cognitive model which
will help in treating the disease. Clinical features which can be found in PTSD will also
be identified in the model. The information in the journal will be useful since it
provides the outcomes of the use of cognitive behavioral therapy in the treatment of the
disorder.
Kirsch, V., Keller, F., Tutus, D., & Goldbeck, L. (2018). Treatment expectancy, working
alliance, and outcome of Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy with children
and adolescents. Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health, 12, 16.
http://doi.org/10.1186/s13034-018-0223-6
The journal provides information on the effects of the cognitive behavioral therapy in
children who have symptoms that are associated with the post-traumatic disorder. The
outcome of the research carried out in the journal shows that the CBT will have an
effect on the treatment of PTSD which will be useful information that offers support to
the proposal since CBT will also have an impact on persons with severe mental illness.
4
Effects of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy on the Mentally Incapacited
Yanos, P. T., Lucksted, A., Drapalski, A. L., Roe, D., & Lysaker, P. (2015). Interventions
Targeting Mental Health Self-Stigma: A Review and Comparison. Psychiatric
Rehabilitation Journal, 38(2), 171–178. http://doi.org/10.1037/prj0000100
The journal focuses on the growth of awareness when it comes to the stigma
surrounding patients with mental illness. Intervention approaches are discussed. The
article provides information on the severe mental illness which will help with its
treatment through the use of cognitive behavioral therapy.
Nagata, S., Seki, Y., Shibuya, T., Yokoo, M., Murata, T., Hiramatsu, Y., … Shimizu, E.
(2018). Does cognitive behavioral therapy alter mental defeat and cognitive flexibility
in patients with panic disorder? BMC Research Notes, 11, 23.
http://doi.org/10.1186/s13104-018-3130-2
The journal provides information of a study which occurred to determine the scores in
patients who were suffering from panic disorder after cognitive behavioral therapy was
used for their treatment. The report will be useful since it provides the outcomes that
will be achieved from the use of CBT in the treatment of not only post-traumatic stress
disorder but for patients with the severe mental illness.
Yanos, P. T., Roe, D., & Lysaker, P. H. (2011). Narrative Enhancement and Cognitive
Therapy: A New Group-Based Treatment for Internalized Stigma among Persons with
Severe Mental Illness. International Journal of Group Psychotherapy, 61(4), 576–595.
http://doi.org/10.1521/ijgp.2011.61.4.576
The study focuses more on the internalized stigma which is associated with severe
mental illness and the use of cognitive behavior therapy which will be applied as a
treatment for the stigma being experienced. The outcome of the study will also give
support to the outcome that can be achieved after cognitive behavior therapy has been
5
Effects of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy on the Mentally Incapacited
applied as a treatment for persons suffering from severe mental illness as well as posttraumatic stress disorder.
Keshavan, M. S., Vinogradov, S., Rumsey, J., Sherrill, J., & Wagner, A. (2014). Cognitive
Training in Mental Disorders: Update and Future Directions. The American Journal of
Psychiatry, 171(5), 510–522. http://doi.org/10.1176/appi.ajp.2013.13081075
The article focuses on the cognitive training as a form treatment for persons who have
mental disorders. The focus of the study will be on the neural state of the mentally ill
person and the behavioral status as well. The study is useful since a therapy which
focuses on cognition, and the behavior of the person will also be applicable as a
treatment for persons suffering from severe mental illness.
6
Grant Proposal Guidelines – Final Project
Instructions: This assignment involves preparing a grant proposal requesting support for a 12-month
research project. The total amount of support you may request is $60,000 (including direct and indirect
costs). You will choose a specific topic in neuroscience or neuropsychology and develop a grant proposal
based on a review of the literature and identification of a research hypothesis. The grant proposal must
be six to eight double-spaced pages in length (not including title page, references list, and appendix), 12point font, and formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center. You must use
at least 15 peer-reviewed sources in addition to the text.
The components of your proposal are outlined below. View the Sample Grant Proposal to see an example
of a completed proposal in APA format. Use the Grant Proposal Template to create your grant proposal.
NOTE: All titles should be centered and all content should be formatted as in the Grant Proposal
Template and the Sample Grant Proposal, not as outlined below in this guidelines document.
Title Page (1 page):
• Title of your grant proposal
• Your full name
• Course name and number
• Instructor’s name
• Date submitted
Specific Aims: (1 page)
Clearly and concisely state the goals of your grant proposal. Summarize the expected outcome(s),
including the impact that the results of the proposed research will exert on the research field(s) involved.
List the specific objectives of your grant proposal (e.g., to test a stated hypothesis, create a novel design,
solve a specific problem, challenge an existing paradigm or clinical practice, address a critical barrier to
progress in the field, or develop new technology).
Background: (6 – 8 pages for Background, Significance, Proposed Study, and Budget Justification
sections)
The goal of this section is to provide a well-developed literature review that provides the basis for the
research problem and illustrates to the reader that you are knowledgeable about the scope of the theory.
Research as many studies pertaining to the theory as possible, and summarize them in a succinct manner.
In most respects, this section is precisely what you do when you write the introduction section to a
research paper. Your background section should clearly state the rationale for the topic you have chosen.
It includes the literature review you conducted to identify an area of neuroscience or neuropsychology
that has not yet been studied. At the end of this section, you should clearly specify your research
hypotheses.
Significance:
Explain the importance of the problem or critical barriers to progress in the field that the proposed project
addresses. Explain how the proposed project will improve scientific knowledge, technical capability,
and/or clinical practice in one or more broad fields. Describe how the concepts, methods, technologies,
treatments, services, or preventative interventions that drive this field will be changed if the proposed
aims are achieved.
PSY625: Biological Bases of Behavior
Ashford University
Grant Proposal Guidelines
Proposed Study:
This section will very much resemble a typical methods section like the one you would write in an
empirical paper (except that the data have not yet been collected). You should describe the study that you
are proposing to conduct to test your hypothesis. This section should include the following subsections:
•
•
•
Participants: include a description of the population that will be used for the study. Point out
any procedures, situations, or materials that may be hazardous to personnel and precautions to be
exercised.
Procedures: include a description of how the study will be conducted including any instruments
that will be used and how the data will be collected.
Hypotheses and Analysis: state hypotheses of the proposed study and general outline of how
data will be collected and used to accomplish the specific aims of the project.
Budget Justification:
Provide a brief summary justifying your budget and the needs for the items listed in Appendix A: Budget.
The actual numbers will be listed in Appendix A. The budget for this proposal is limited to $60,000.
References:
Cite a minimum of 15 peer-reviewed articles from the Ashford University Library or PubMed Central
(PMC). All sources must be current (published within the 10 years unless it’s a seminal work) and
relevant to your topic. Format all sources in APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.
Appendix A: Budget: (see Grant Proposal Template, Appendix A)
A typical grant proposal has a very detailed budget. For our purposes here, you should include an
appendix with a completed budget. Your figures are just an estimate so feel free to make up the budget
numbers and figures. Use the template called Summary Proposal Budget in the Grant Proposal Template,
Appendix A to create your budget. There is also an optional Budget Calculation Spreadsheet to help you
calculate your figures. The goal of this exercise is for you to spend time thinking about the costs of
conducting research. Here are some examples of expenses you could include:
Direct Costs:
•
•
•
•
•
Personnel:
o Graduate research assistant salary – 20-hours per week for 12 months is roughly $25,000
(this covers salary, tuition, and fringe benefits).
o Principal Investigator Salary – make-up your annual salary and divide it by 12, then
multiple this number by the number of months of salary you wish to pay yourself (this
can range from 1-12 months; and from 10% to 100% effort).
Equipment:
o List major purchases (greater than $5000) that will be necessary to complete your project
(e.g., computers, video equipment, physiological measures, expensive software, etc.) and
costs.
Travel
o Conference Travel
o Other (e.g., travel for research assistant if needed for study)
Participant Support
o Costs for subject participation (e.g., reimbursement for time, travel, etc.)
Other
o Computers or other equipment less than $5000
o Miscellaneous Expenses (e.g., postage, phone bills, photocopying, etc.)
PSY625: Biological Bases of Behavior
Ashford University
Grant Proposal Guidelines
Indirect Costs:
Multiply the total direct costs budget by 0.375. This amount (37.5%) represents the indirect costs of your
grant application. This money goes to the university toward operating costs, overhead, etc.
Total Costs:
Sum up your direct and indirect costs (must not exceed $60,000).
PSY625: Biological Bases of Behavior
Ashford University

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