Biology and Technology in the Real World Instructions Written Assignment: Biology and Technology in the Real World Addresses course outcomes 1-4: recognize and explain how the scientific method is used to solve problemsmake observations and discriminate between scientific and pseudoscientific explanationsweigh evidence and make decisions based on strengths and limitations of scientific knowledge and the scientific methoduse knowledge of biological principles, the scientific method, and appropriate technologies to ask relevant questions, develop hypotheses, design and conduct experiments, interpret results, and draw conclusions Select one of the topics listed below.Find at least four information sources related to the topic. You can find assistance with searching for articles at the UMUC Library Subject Guides at http://libguides.umuc.edu/science.Write a 2-3 page paper, excluding references and title page. You must read the information sources that you find and summarize the information in your own words, addressing each of the questions and expectations for your chosen topic. Extensive quotes from the article are discouraged. Use APA style for citing references, see https://www.umuc.edu/library/libhow/apa_tutorial.cfm.Submit your paper via Assignments by the due date listed in the course schedule. Graded papers are not returned. Topics (select one): a) Genetically modified organisms (GMOs). A friend tells you that she avoids foods containing GMOs because they are unhealthy. You decide to use the knowledge gained from your biology class and some additional research to form your own opinion on GMOs. Answer the following questions backed up by reliable information sources. What is the purpose of genetically engineering of crop plants? Include at least two specific examples of commonly grown GMO crops. How are GMOs created? Use the provided course materials and make a connection to the central dogma of molecular biology in your explanation. Which foods in your supermarket contain GMOs? Are foods that contain GMOs safe for human consumption? What types of regulations exist for these foods? Clearly explain your reasoning for each answer in your paper and conclude whether or not you agree with your friend. b) Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats (CRISPR) has been the most recent breakthrough discovery in bioengineering that enables scientists to edit DNA. Because you have studied biology in this course, you have volunteered at your nieces Middle School Science Club to monitor a student debate about CRISPR. The students will be watching the following video before the discussion:https://www.com/watch?time_continue=252&v=2pp17E4E-O8and you need to be prepared in case there are any questions. Please research and write an answer to each of the following questions: What is CRISPR? What role does Cas9 play in the CRISPR process? How does the CRISPR-Cas9 system snip and replace any DNA sequence? What are the potential benefits and drawbacks of gene editing? Include specific examples. Do you believe that the inherent risks of modifying animal DNA is worth the rewards? Explain. Do you believe that it is ethical to genetically engineer humans and/or animals? Explain. c) Vaccines. Your friend is worried about the many vaccines that his newborn son is scheduled to receive and asks you for advice since you are taking a biology course. Start with an explanation of how vaccines work. Briefly contrast the traditional methods used to create vaccines with more recently used biotechnology techniques. Then list some of the diseases that babies and children in the US are routinely vaccinated against. How has vaccinations impacted the frequency of these diseases over the past 100 years? Why are some people worried about giving their children vaccines? Is there scientific evidence to support these concerns? Conclude with advice to your friend in regard to getting the recommended vaccines based on what you learned from reliable information sources. d) Extreme weather events and global climate change – You’re visiting some old high school friends in your home town when you strike up a conversation with your best friend’s father. He is lamenting how terrible recent winters and spring storms have been in the Pennsylvania-Maryland region. He concludes with the following comment: “Ha! So much for global warming!” How would you reply to your friend’s father? **Be sure to include a brief section in your reply on how climate scientists have measured past climate patterns and how they predict future ones. In addition to class resources, these web sites may be helpful as you formulate your reply: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JrJJxn-gCdo, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=b_dcZyoydBo (start it at the 3-minute mark), and https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=u3n93roIFxo Grading Rubric for the Paper Excellent (90-100%) Good (75-89%) Adequate (50-74%) Unacceptable (0-59%) Content Full credit: 40 points Information obtained from a minimum of three scholarly sources and is summarized clearly, accurately and well organized in own words. All information sources are credible and relevant to the requirement for the chosen topic. 36-40 points Information obtained from two scholarly sources and/or has some minor issues with clarity, accuracy, and organization of information and/or one information source is not credible and/or relevant and/or more than a few direct quotes. 30-35 points Information obtained from only one scholarly source and/or has major issues with clarity, accuracy, and organization of information and/or mostly direct quotes. 20-29 points No scholarly sources are summarized, and/or none of the sources are credible and relevant, and/or all direct quotes. 0-19 points Contribution 40 points All questions and requirements for chosen topic are addressed and own ideas are expressed, analyzed and defended based on knowledge learned from literature research. 36-40 points One of the questions or requirements for chosen topic is not addressed, and/or minimal description and analysis of own ideas, and/or minimal connection between own ideas and what is learned from literature research. 30-35 points Several of the questions or requirements for chosen topic are not addressed, and/or missing description and analysis of own ideas, and/or no connection between own ideas and what is learned from literature search. 20-29 points Most of the questions and requirements for chosen topic are not addressed and no description and analysis of own ideas. 0-19 points Grammar/Spelling 10 points Less than 3 minor spelling/grammatical errors 9-10 points 4-7 minor spelling/grammatical errors 7-8 points 8-12 spelling/grammatical errors 5-6 point More than 13 spelling/ grammatical errors. 0-4 points References 5 points All references listed at the end, in-text references are included, all references in correct APA format. 5 points Missing one reference, and/or minor problems with APA format, and/or missing in-text references. 4 points Missing several references and/or references not in APA format. 2 points No references included. 0 points Length of paper 5 points Paper is between 2-3 pages, double-spaced 5 points Paper is 2 pages, double-spaced 4 points Paper is between 1-2 pages or not double-spaced 3 points Paper is too short and not double-spaced 0 points Due Date Apr 23, 2018 11:59 PM Hide Rubrics Rubric Name: Biology and Technology in the Real World Criteria Excellent (90-100%) Good (75-89%) Adequate (60-74%) Unacceptable (0-59%) Content (40 points) 40 points Information obtained from a minimum of three information sources is summarized clearly, accurately and well organized in own words. All information sources are credible and relevant to the requirement for the chosen topic. 36-40 points 35 points Information obtained from only two information sources is summarized and/or some minor issues with clarity, accuracy, and organization of information and/or one information source is not credible and/or relevant and/or more than a few direct quotes. 30-35 points 29 points Information obtained from only one information source is summarized and/or major issues with clarity, accuracy, and organization of information and/or mostly direct quotes. 24-29 points 23 points No information sources are summarized, and/or none of the sources are credible and relevant, and/or all direct quotes. 0-23 points Contribution (40 points) 40 points All questions and requirements for chosen topic are addressed and own ideas are expressed, analyzed and defended based on knowledge learned from literature research. 36-40 points 35 points One of the questions or requirements for chosen topic is not addressed, and/or minimal description and analysis of own ideas, and/or minimal connection between own ideas and what is learned from literature research. 30-35 point 29 points Several of the questions or requirements for chosen topic are not addressed, and/or missing description and analysis of own ideas, and/or no connection between own ideas and what is learned from literature search. 24-29 points 23 points Most of the questions and requirements for chosen topic are not addressed and no description and analysis of own ideas. 0-23 points Grammar/Spelling (10 points) 10 points 0-3 minor spelling/grammatical errors 10 points 9 points 4-7 minor spelling/grammatical errors 8-9 points 7 points 8-12 spelling/grammatical errors 6-7 point 6 points More than 13 spelling/ grammatical errors. 0-6 points References (5 points) 5 points All references listed at the end, in-text references are included, all references in correct APA format. 5 points 4 points Missing one reference, and/or minor problems with APA format, and/or missing in-text references. 4 points 3 points Missing several references and/or references not in APA format. 3 points 0 points No references included. 0 points Length of paper (5 points) 5 points Paper is between 750 and 1500 words 5 points 4 points Paper is between 600-749 or 1501-1700 words 4 points 3 points Paper is between 400-599 or 1701 1999 words 3 points 0 points Paper is less than 399 or more than 2000 words 0 points Overall Score Excellent 90 or more Good 75 or more Adequate 60 or more Unsatisfactory 0 or more
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