Case Analysis: Aviation Human Factors

For this assignment, you will develop a formal 2-3 page paper/essay on aviation human factors. Your paper should follow the APA format and be grammatically sound and free of spelling errors. The paper should be written in the third person and double-spaced including a cover page with your name, date of submission, and the topic and appendix. I will post the information at the following document, Please do it on the template,Thank you I also had the sample work, please look at it. The guidelines is the additional information about this assignment.


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(Insert Student Name)
ASCI 202
Introduction to Aeronautical Science
(Insert Date)
Case Analysis – Aviation Human Factors
I. Summary
Provide an overview or background of the Aviation Human Factors
issue you will address (a brief history is all that is needed here. In other words, you are just
introducing your topic. No specifics.)
II. Problem
State the problem or issue that needs to be addressed. You can make it simple by wording it like,
“The problem is . . .”.
III. Significance of the Problem
State why this problem needs to be addressed, why is it important, what will happen if allowed to
continue, and so forth. The significance is usually from a safety or economical standpoint, or
IV. Development of Alternative Actions
Alternative Action 1. List one thing that has been attempted to address the problem under point
Advantages. List the advantage of that attempt (Cite).
Disadvantages. List the disadvantage of that attempt (Cite).
Alternative Action 2. List another thing or attempt that was made to address the problem.
Advantages. List the advantage of that attempt (Cite).
Disadvantages. List the disadvantage of that attempt (Cite).
V. Recommendation
State what you think would work better than what has already been attempted. Do not restate
what you have already stated under IV above. This is something new, and comes from your
ASCI 202
Introduction to Aeronautical Science

Three-four pages text (maximum, include a reference page; and a title page)

Double-spaced lines

Times New Roman 12 pitch
Review materials from outside sources regarding the case
Diagnose the case (identify the issue/problem, define the significance of the issue/problem)
“Size-up” the case (determine the influence of the issue/problem, decide what was done well, and identify
what could be improved)
Provide recommendations (identify courses of action; what would you do differently?)
Develop a case analysis on this topic: Select a commercial aviation accident that was concluded to have
resulted from pilot error. Determine the primary and any secondary human factors contributions to the accident.
Consider pilot training, organizational culture, organizational rules/policies, ergonomics, aircraft design limitations,
etc., when identifying an issue for your case analysis. As always, draw upon previous module knowledge to help
you conduct your analysis.
Refer to the assignment guides and rubric in the activity and ensure your case analysis conforms to the
assignment requirements. Use the rubric as a guide when completing this assignment. Remember to draw upon
previous module knowledge to help you conduct your analysis.
In order to receive full credit, assignments must be submitted by the due date. You may lose points for late
submissions. No submissions accepted after the last day of the module/week. Collectively, case analyses are
worth 30% of your course grade.
Upon submission, your work will automatically be evaluated through the plagiarism detection tool. Ensure your
work is entirely your own. Cite your sources!
Joe Aviation
ASCI 202
Introduction to Aeronautical Science
February 31, 2018
Case Analysis – Aviation Human Factors
I. Summary
On February 12, 2009, a Bombardier DHC-8 operating as Colgan Air flight 3407, crashed while
on instrument approach to Buffalo-Niagara International airport, resulting in the deaths of 49
people onboard and one individual on the ground. While the National Transportation Safety
Board (NTSB) cited the pilot’s inappropriate response to the aircraft stall warning system, a
number of secondary factors, including fatigue, were also listed as contributing factors to the
crash (NTSB, 2010).
II. Problem
Crew fatigue has been citied over the years in a number of fatal aviation crashes in addition to
crashes involving other modes of transportation (Quan and Barger, 2015).
III. Significance of the Problem
Despite many attempts to reduce crew fatigue in aviation, fatal accidents still occur from the lack
of performance that results when aircrew are not at their peak performance. In order to ensure the
safety of the travelling public, the issue of poor crew performance due to a lack of rest needs to
be addressed. . .
IV. Development of Alternative Actions
Alternative Action 1. Require at least one crewmember with a higher rest time than currently
required by other flight crews.
Advantages. Since one crewmember will have a higher level of alertness, the likelihood
of fatigue induced accidents in air transportation will be reduced (Borghini, Astolfi, Vecchiato,
Mattia, and Babiloni, 2014).
Disadvantages. It may be difficult in rotating crews so there will always be one extended
rest crew member available for flight, thereby increasing the possibility of cancelled flights
(Weide, Ryan, and Ehrgott, 2010).
Alternative Action 2. Utilize some type of alert sustaining drug for crews on duty.
Advantages. Some studies seem to indicate that drugs such as Modafinil help to reduce
drowsiness without any detrimental side effects to the flight crew members (Estrada, Kelley,
Webb, and Athy, 2012).
Disadvantages. Not every individual reacts the same way to medication and further
testing needs to be done to ensure there are no detrimental side effects in crew members (Estrada
et al., 2012).
V. Recommendation
A change in the required number of hours of crew rest for all flight crew members for both large
and regional carriers should be incorporated by the FAA to ensure that pilot fatigue does not
become one of the many causes of fatigue induced error in aircraft accidents . . .
Borghini, G., Astolfi, L., Vecchiato, G., Mattia, D., & Babiloni, F. (2014). Measuring
neurophysiological signals in aircraft pilots and car drivers for the assessment of mental
workload, fatigue and drowsiness. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, 44, 58-75.
Estrada, A., Kelley, A. M., Webb, C. M., Athy, J. R., & Crowley, J. S. (2012). Modafinil as a
replacement for dextroamphetamine for sustaining alertness in military helicopter pilots.
Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine, 83(6), 556-564.
National Transportation Safety Board. (2010, February 2). Loss of Control on Approach Colgan
Air, Inc. Operating as Continental Connection Flight 3407 Bombardier DHC-8-400,
N200WQ Clarence Center, New York February 12, 2009 (NTSB Report No. AAR10/01). Washington, DC: Author. Retrieved from NTSB Web site:
Quan, S.F. and L.K. Barger. (2015). Brief Review: Sleep Health and Safety for Transportation
Workers. Southwest Journal of Pulmonary and Critical Care, 10(3):130-9. Retrieved
from manuscripts/volume-10/issue-3-march-2015/03615/036-15.pdf
Weide, O., Ryan, D., & Ehrgott, M. (2010). An iterative approach to robust and integrated
aircraft routing and crew scheduling. Computers and Operations Research, 37(5), 833844. doi:10.1016/j.cor.2009.03.024

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