Comparing Data Collection Methods

Discussion 2: Comparing Data Collection MethodsBy now, you have experienced and studied a variety of data collection methods from interviews and focus groups to transcripts and ancillary documents. As Ravitch and Carl (2016) explain, “qualitative data collection should be intentional, rigorous, and systematic” (p. 145). But in no way should be bound by rules and procedures as much as related to the lived experiences of the participants.For this Discussion, you will explore different data collection methods and draw comparisons. You also will examine strengths, weaknesses, and the challenges they may present.To prepare for this Discussion:Review this week’s Learning Resources related to codes and coding.Consider the similarities and differences in the data collected from your interview and from the transcripts of the Scholars of Change videos.Consider the other data collection methods you studied (focus groups, reviews of documents and social media; and your own memos and notes).Review your Major Assignment 1, paying attention to the alignment between your research question and considerations for data collection.By Day 3Post a response to the following:From the data you collected and other data collection methods you studied, compare and contrast the strengths and weaknesses of at least two data collection methods. Include an explanation of your experience using these different data collection methods. Also, include an explanation of what you found difficult or challenging and why.Explain how you as the researcher can ensure that your choices for data collection align with your research questions. Use your experience from Major Assignment 1 as an example.Be sure to support your main post and response post with reference to the week’s Learning Resources and other scholarly evidence in APA style.
major_assignment_1_paper.doc

major_assignment_revised_1.docx

Don't use plagiarized sources. Get Your Custom Essay on
Comparing Data Collection Methods
Just from $13/Page
Order Essay

Unformatted Attachment Preview

Running head: PARENTAL DIVORCE
The Emotional Impact Parental Divorce has on Adulthood Children in Intimate Relationships
Human Services Program- Family Intervention Strategies specialization
Walden University
1
PARENTAL DIVORCE
2
The Emotional Impact Parental Divorce has on Adulthood Children in Intimate Relationships
Problem Statement
Halligan, Chang, and Knox (2014) suggested the rates of divorce in the United
States are rapidly increasing in the world. Parental divorce and the impact divorce has on
adulthood children, and their intimate relationship may suggest parental divorce may contribute
to the emotional distress of social development (Greenwood, 2014). Moreover, when parental
divorce does occur the children may suffer from emotional and psychological stress due to the
family structure demise (Halligan, Chang, & Knox, 2014). Parents’ divorce the divorce may not
influence all children, but for some the marriage ending between parents causes problems to
develop positive relation and even adjustment into adulthood (Weaver & Schofield, 2015).
Moreover, girls have a more difficult time coping than boys when their parent divorce
(Mudstone, Hurry, Kurusu, & Makala, 2011). There is a gap on parental divorce and on how
divorce impacts adulthood children and their intimate relationship with their own spouse.
Children who have experienced parent’s divorce may have different outcomes with self-esteem
or social situations based on the age and timing (Greenwood, 2014).
Approach for the Study
The purpose of this research is to evaluate the effects divorce and how it has an impact on
adult children self-esteem and their relationships with their spouse. Weaver and Schofield
(2015) children are emotionally and psychologically damage when their parents’ divorce.
However, when parents’ divorce, the divorce may not influence all children. Some, the marriage
ending causes problems to developing positive relationships even into adulthood (Weaver &
Schofield, 2015).
PARENTAL DIVORCE
3
My goal is to understand how parental divorce contributes to adulthood intimate
relationships, as well as the emotional and social impact on society. The implications my study
will have on future research is identifying self-esteem issues in adulthood when their parents’
divorce and possibly providing support to help children achieve positive outcomes that will help
build future relationships in adulthood. The social change is to bring awareness to children who
parents went through a divorce and how to recognize any antisocial behaviors. Additionally,
provide conferences or retreats for children discuss their feelings on the issues of divorce and
how it affects their emotions.
To address this problem, I will use qualitative approach. The theoretical framework for
this research is social learning theory. Slattery and Meyers (2014) noted that anti-social behavior
investigation by researchers that use social learning framework to determine if social-learning
theory is closely relates to anti-social behavior and how it plays a role in adult’s intimate
relationship. Anti-social behaviors characteristic may be learning traits from the family, peers or
the community (Slattery &Meyers, 2014). The structure offers information on my study the
possible variables that can have an impact on children and self-esteem issues when their parents
went through a divorce.
The key finding from the articles I have reviewed is analyzing the emotional of a child in
adulthood that may experience situations from the effects of a divorce when they were younger,
for example, the impact of divorce on family structure and how it affects children self-esteem.
•
Blame/Guilt
•
Anti-social behavior/Social Issues
•
The relationship with parents after divorce must happen
PARENTAL DIVORCE
•
Conflict of relationships with partner or spouse in adulthood
4
PARENTAL DIVORCE
5
References
Greenwood, L., J. (2014). Effects of a Mid-to Late-Life Parental Divorce on Adult Children.
Journal of Divorce & Remarriage, 55, 539-556. doi:10.1080/10502556.2014.950903
The authors, researcher at University of Pennsylvania, use data from a qualitative interview with
40 adult children and discuss their experience on how parental divorce impacted their
lives. The participants were test on their attitudes, values, and how parental divorce
affected their relationship later in life.
Halligan, C., Chang, J., I., Knox, D. (2014). Positive Effects of Parental Divorce on
Undergraduates. Journal of Divorce & Remarriage, 55, 557-567. doi:
10.1080/10502556.2014.950905
Mustonen, U., Huurre, T., Kiviruusu, Haukkala, A. & Aro, H. (2011). Long-term of parental
divorce on intimate relationship quality in adulthood and the medicating role of
psychosocial resources. Journal of Family Psychology 25, 4, 615-619.
Slattery, L., T. & Meyers, A., S. (2014). Contextual predictors of adolescent antisocial behavior:
The developmental influence of family, peer, and neighborhood factors. Child &
Adolescent Social Work Journal, 31 (1) pp. 39-59/Retrieved from
http:/link.springer.com/article/ doi 10.1007/s10560-013-03091
The authors analyze the anti-social behavior has been investigated by researchers that use social
learning framework. Anti-social behaviors characteristic may be learning traits form
family, peers or the community.
Weaver, J. M, & Schofield, T.J. (2015). Mediation and moderation of divorce effects on
children’s behavior problems. Journal of Family Psychology, 55, 4, 352-360.
PARENTAL DIVORCE
6
Annotated Bibliography
Greenwood, L., J. (2014). Effects of a Mid-to Late-Life Parental Divorce on Adult
Children. Journal of Divorce & Remarriage, 55, 539-556.
doi:10.1080/10502556.2014.950903
The authors gathered data through qualitative interviews with adult children and how parental
divorce affect their well-being later in life. The interviews consist of experiences from
childhood to adulthood.
Halligan, C., Chang, J., I., Knox, D. (2014). Positive Effects of Parental Divorce on
Undergraduates. Journal of Divorce & Remarriage, 55, 557-567. doi:
10.1080/10502556.2014.950905
The researcher utilizes longitudinal surveys that administer assessing men and women views
through a survey on parental divorce and how the divorce impacted their educational,
social, and overall life in positive or negative format. They found that majority of the
respondent identifies successful outcomes of the parents’ divorce.
Mustonen, U., Huurre, T., Kiviruusu, Haukkala, A. & Aro, H. (2011). Long-term of parental
divorce on intimate relationship quality in adulthood and the medicating role of
psychosocial resources. Journal of Family Psychology 25, 4, 615-619.
The authors, researcher’s investigation, consist of viewing the long-term problems of intimate
relationships of adulthood children who have experienced the effects of parental divorce.
The research analyzes the adult’s attitudes, values, plans, and expectations, on intimate
relationships and how parental divorce has played a vital role in the situation. They find
their hypothesis strongly supported in adulthoods who effects by parental divorce.
PARENTAL DIVORCE
7
Slattery, L., T. & Meyers, A., S. (2014). Contextual predictors of adolescent antisocial behavior:
The developmental influence of family, peer, and neighborhood factors. Child &
Adolescent Social Work Journal, 31 (1) pp. 39-59/Retrieved from
http:/link.springer.com/article/ doi 10.1007/s10560-013-03091
The authors of the research analyze the risk factor of antisocial behavior in conjunction with
social learning theory. The authors conveyed an increase of social behavior among
adolescent dealing with exposure to external factors example community, violence, and
domestic abuse.
Weaver, J. M, & Schofield, T.J. (2015). Mediation and moderation of divorce effects on
children’s behavior problems. Journal of Family Psychology, 55, 4, 352-360.
The researchers are focusing on divorce may not influence all children. The articles also discuss
how divorce predicts the social problems of a child who are effect by parental-divorce.
Running head: PARENTAL DIVORCE
1
How does Parental Divorce affect the Adulthood of the Children, their Intimate Relationships,
and Emotional Distress related to Social Development?
Rosalyn Moore
Qualitative Reasoning and Analysis
March 25, 2018
PARENTAL DIVORCE
2
How does Parental Divorce affect the Adulthood of the Children, their Intimate Relationships,
and Emotional Distress related to Social Development?
Problem Statement
Divorces have been increasing in the United States, an issue that has become a huge
concern for researchers. Research from the National Center for Health Statistics indicates that the
average time for which couples stay in marriage is 11 years. In the same paper, the Researchers
are starting to examine the effects of this trend on the children. Further on, the study indicates
that when divorce happens in marriages, children always emerge as the victims. Both the father
and mother play an important role in the development of their children. They instill discipline
and social skills (Wallerstein & Lewis, 2004). Divorce affects female and male child differently.
In their study, Wallerstein and Lewis (2004) find that male children from divorced families tend
to withdraw from relationships involvement. They avoid relationships altogether. They fear that
the relationship will eventually dissolve. On the other side, the females tend to deal with the
absence of the parents especially the father by looking for male partners. They tend to be more
promiscuous than their male counterparts are.
The occurrence of the above-stated problems is not well understand since most research
focuses on the short haul effects of divorce on offsprings. The long-term effects are severe and
affect the children even in their adulthoods (Wallerstein & Lewis, 2004). The authors explain
that children who come from divorced families are likely to have issues with their intimate
relationships. These children are normally separated from one or both parents, and the parentchild relationship deteriorates as they grow up. The failure of the parents to stay close to their
PARENTAL DIVORCE
3
children in the long run creates a gap between them and that has incredible effects on the
relationship between children and parents.
Identifying the Gap
There is an inadequate amount of literature with regards to the extent to which parental
divorce affects children. That area still requires an incredible amount of inquiry. (Whitton,
2008). The research conducted on the long-term effects of divorce focuses more on the intimacy
aspects of their lives and disregards their social development. There is need to understand the
extent or magnitude of the effects of divorce on children.
As stated previously, researchers have not concentrated more on the long-haul impacts of
parental divorce on children. They have only explored the intimacy relationship issues that have
also not been explored broadly. Understanding these issues would require an examination of all
life aspects of adult children of divorce. One way these can be done is conducting a qualitative
study on college students from separated families.
Description of the Phenomenon
Divorce is not a unique phenomenon. It is well known that divorce affects the children
immediately after the parents have been separated. The effects come from the uncertainty of the
way forward after they parent have gone separate ways and the conflict level between the mother
and father. Divorce implies that the children are forced to move to different homes and most of
the times to different schools. Besides, they usually not get to see both parents most of the times.
In many cases, they live with their mothers and do not see their father very often. The most
common effects of divorce on the children are anxiety, stress, fear, emotional pain, feelings of
PARENTAL DIVORCE
4
abandonment and betrayal as well as self-esteem issues (Wallerstein & Lewis, 2004). Most of the
studies have concentrated on the immediate impacts of divorce on children but has not focused
on how it affects them in their adulthood.
Purpose Statement
If people understand how parental divorce affects their whole life, they could take
necessary interventions to alleviate or prevent some of the challenges related to encountering
divorce as young individuals and later in their adulthood. Therefore, this research is important.
Research Question
RQ: To what extent does divorce affect children in American families?
Key Findings from the Three Articles
According to Whitton (2008), children from separated families regularly strive in their
later romantic relations. The study examines the examined the effect of parental separation on
conjugal responsibility and certainty by the kids. He guessed that people who had encountered
their parents’ separation would probably have less trust in their relational connections and less
duty in their connections than people who have experienced childhood in normal non-divorced
parents. The study additionally researched how the relations would fluctuate as per sex and the
PARENTAL DIVORCE
5
degree of parental clash that prompted the separation of parents. This research tried these
theories utilizing an exploratory investigation including 265 members, comprising of couples
who wanted to get married.
The couples were chosen from religious associations, which planned to conduct their
wedding functions. Results of the investigation uncovered that there was an important
connection between parental separation as well as low relationship dedication and certainty
among females who had encountered parental separation. It demonstrated that these females did
not submit in their relations and had reduced confidence. In any case, the relationship was
minimal among men who encountered parental separation in their childhood. The negative
effects of parental separation on females’ future sexual connections were made clear by this
investigation.
According to Wallerstein & Lewis (2004), parental separation impacts inconveniently on
the ability to love and be cherished inside an enduring, submitted relationship. Literature
concerning the long-haul impacts of separation on grown-up children shows that there were a
low prosperity feeling and overall individual satisfaction as well as relationship concerns for the
young adults who encountered their parent’s separation. Numerous scientists in the field of
family counseling and marriage have discovered that grown-ups brought up in separated families
experience the ill effects of a shortfall in social abilities and had uncommon issues in taking care
of contentions inside their marriage.
Wallerstein & Lewis (2004) also found that the relationships of children with parents
would differ; however, with a good connection with either of the parents the after-effects would
be minimized. The effects are gradual but mostly affected the female child. When they are
PARENTAL DIVORCE
6
young, they would assist their parents with some duties in the house. In the adolescence 1 in 5 of
the females would engage in sex before they are 14 years of age and over half would be sexually
active during their high school years. In most cases, these females would have several sexual
partners and less likely to complete their higher education. If in college, they would be less likely
to graduate. The females’ adult relationships would more likely be short terms. They would hold
a negative perspective because of their parent’s separation.
A literature review by Ottoway (2010), after encountering the separation of their families,
adolescents find it very hard to be intimate and remain faithful and stable. Additionally, many
researchers postulate that young adults who experienced their parent’s divorce normally show an
accelerate pattern of courtship and are more interested in intimate relationships. They marry at an
early age, particularly when they are both from separate families. The eagerness to get married at
an early age is because of emotional distress and requirements. As a result of these requirements,
they seek committed and intimacy relationships hoping that the relationships will cater to their
affections needs. Generally, individual who encountered parental divorce will likely be drawn
into a relationship whether serious or casual at an early age. Another justification given for this
enhanced interest as well as participation in relationships is that these individuals express their
insecurity concerning being in an intimate relationship through the initiation of physical intimacy
with other individuals. Most of the researches documented in this literature review show that
young individuals of divorce (particularly many times) demonstrate increased premature sexual
activity rates as well as adolescent parenthood.
PARENTAL DIVORCE
7
Annotated Bibliography
Wallerstein, J. S., & Lewis, J. M. (2004). The Unexpected Legacy of Divorce: Report of a 25Year Study. Psychoanalytic psychology, 21(3), 353.
The theoretical foundation of this paper is on the wide range of problems that children
encounter when their parents separate. There are adverse psychological effects that usually
accompany these changes in the social structure and the ramifications on the children are usually
devastating. The study took over twenty-five years where the development and psychological
challenges of children from divorced families were examined. This article follows the impact of
parental divorce for an extensive period. The authors postulate that parental divorce impacts
children profoundly that it not only stresses them but also acts as a traumatic event that
completely changes their lives and follows them henceforth. The reactions differ, but they have a
general consequence with a common impact, that is, when they are in their young adulthood
stage, during their sexual intimacy, love, marriage and commitment stage, they are haunted by
their parent’s divorce ghosts and are afraid that the same thing may occur to them. The authors
provide a detailed account of how these individuals, even when their relationships are stable,
retain the notion that the relationship may be short. This study also demonstrated how parental
divorce affects children education.
Ottaway, A. (2010). The impact of parental divorce on the intimate relationships of adult
offspring: a review of the literature. Graduate Journal of counseling psychology, 2(1), 5.
The paper takes the view that young adults whose parents separated at some stage in their
lives usually encounter difficulties in their relationships. The paper says that implications of
divorce on young adults’ relationships are related to several factors that were found to affect their
PARENTAL DIVORCE
8
attitudes towards marriage and intimacy. These factors include the age of the children at the
divorce time, family conflict, trust, and gender. For every factor, expect family conflict, the
findings of the research presented contradictory results on the impact of the divorce. The
inadequacy of research on the topic or related topics does not assist in alleviating these
inconsistencies. Hence, the author concludes that the more research has to do in this area of study
in order to modify the existing researches that exacerbate mixed findings. The review covers
several types of research on this topic.
Whitton S. (2008). Effects of Parental Divorce on Marital Commitment and Confidence. Journal
of Family Psychology. 22 (5): 789 -79
Children from families where parents had divorced find it difficult to get into marriage
relationships or even commit to them. Whitton says that close to 40% of children that
experienced the ordeal of divorce will not easily settle in marriages since they are haunted by the
events that occurred in their early lives. In addition, there is a possibility that when these young
adults enter …
Purchase answer to see full
attachment

GradeAcers
Calculate your paper price
Pages (550 words)
Approximate price: -

Why Work with Us

Top Quality and Well-Researched Papers

We always make sure that writers follow all your instructions precisely. You can choose your academic level: high school, college/university or professional, and we will assign a writer who has a respective degree.

Professional and Experienced Academic Writers

We have a team of professional writers with experience in academic and business writing. Many are native speakers and able to perform any task for which you need help.

Free Unlimited Revisions

If you think we missed something, send your order for a free revision. You have 10 days to submit the order for review after you have received the final document. You can do this yourself after logging into your personal account or by contacting our support.

Prompt Delivery and 100% Money-Back-Guarantee

All papers are always delivered on time. In case we need more time to master your paper, we may contact you regarding the deadline extension. In case you cannot provide us with more time, a 100% refund is guaranteed.

Original & Confidential

We use several writing tools checks to ensure that all documents you receive are free from plagiarism. Our editors carefully review all quotations in the text. We also promise maximum confidentiality in all of our services.

24/7 Customer Support

Our support agents are available 24 hours a day 7 days a week and committed to providing you with the best customer experience. Get in touch whenever you need any assistance.

Try it now!

Calculate the price of your order

Total price:
$0.00

How it works?

Follow these simple steps to get your paper done

Place your order

Fill in the order form and provide all details of your assignment.

Proceed with the payment

Choose the payment system that suits you most.

Receive the final file

Once your paper is ready, we will email it to you.

Our Services

No need to work on your paper at night. Sleep tight, we will cover your back. We offer all kinds of writing services.

Essays

Essay Writing Service

No matter what kind of academic paper you need and how urgent you need it, you are welcome to choose your academic level and the type of your paper at an affordable price. We take care of all your paper needs and give a 24/7 customer care support system.

Admissions

Admission Essays & Business Writing Help

An admission essay is an essay or other written statement by a candidate, often a potential student enrolling in a college, university, or graduate school. You can be rest assurred that through our service we will write the best admission essay for you.

Reviews

Editing Support

Our academic writers and editors make the necessary changes to your paper so that it is polished. We also format your document by correctly quoting the sources and creating reference lists in the formats APA, Harvard, MLA, Chicago / Turabian.

Reviews

Revision Support

If you think your paper could be improved, you can request a review. In this case, your paper will be checked by the writer or assigned to an editor. You can use this option as many times as you see fit. This is free because we want you to be completely satisfied with the service offered.

Order your essay today and save 15% with the discount code DISCOUNT15