D.Write 1000words management essay, Havard style.

Write 1000words management essay, Havard style. I have uploaded all the instructions. Please read them very carefully. IMPORTANT: There are 4 compulsory readings which are indicated on the instruction you must you. Besides, you still need at least 6 external sources for this essay. Please read the instruction and sample essay very carefully. And the most important, all the work has to be original. This will be sent to turn it in, any kind of plagiarism will not be accepted. Thank you!!No more than 1100words except references.No less than 900 words except references.
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MACQUARIE UNIVERSITY INTERNATIONAL COLLEGE
ASSESSMENT GUIDE
ESSAY: TOPIC AND GUIDELINES
Due:
Friday of Week 3 at 11:00p.m.
Weighting: 20%
Length:
1,000 words (excluding the reference list)
NATURE OF TASK
This is an individual assessment task.
INSTRUCTIONS
All students must submit their essay electronically via Turnitin using the link in iLearn by
Friday of Week 3 at 11:00p.m. The length of the Essay should be 1,000 words (excluding the
reference list). Only essays submitted electronically will be marked.
You may make several submissions via Turnitin to check your work for plagiarism and adjust
accordingly up until the due date. If you submit again, after the due date, your submission
will be counted as a late submission and penalties will apply (see Unit Guide).
Please note that for a first-time submission, the similarity report will be available
immediately, but for any subsequent submissions, it will take 24 hours for the similarity report
to be generated in Turnitin. If you cannot access or review your submission via Turnitin in
iLearn, you have not correctly submitted your work, and will need to do so prior to the due
date. If you require assistance submitting through Turnitin, you may lodge a OneHelp Ticket
or refer to the IT help page.
No extensions will be granted unless an application for Special Consideration is made and
approved. Late essays must also be submitted through Turnitin. For late submissions and late
submission penalties, please refer to the Unit Guide.
More information about this task, essay structure and marking criteria is provided in iLearn.
This assessment targets development of students’ critical thinking skills and encourages
students to:
•
•
•
Understand the complex nature of contemporary organisations,
Provide a critical perspective of the academic literature on the topic,
Construct a sustained argument in response to the question,
1
•
Utilise and conform to the principles of academic rigour in the production of an
acceptable, formal response to the question.
Feedback will be provided in class. Marks will be available in Gradebook.
This assessment task relates to the following learning outcomes:
•
•
•
•
Describe and apply fundamental management theories and concepts to business
operation.
Critically examine and analyse organisational and management practices.
Analyse management challenges, problems, issues and construct practical solutions.
Use discipline specific terminology to communicate concepts and ideas relevant to
this unit.
RETENTION OF RECORDS
Students are required to keep a copy of all items submitted or completed for assessment or
evaluation until the end of the grade appeal period. This includes any notes taken during the
process of responding to the essay question.
ESSAY TOPIC: ETHICS, SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY AND SUSTAINABILITY
MAIN ESSAY QUESTION:
In order to win over competitors and enhance sustainability prospects, organisations need to
manage for ethical standards. As such, managers need to be aware of what constitutes ethical
conduct, and the ways through which they can promote ethics in their respective
organisations. As Ratan Tata puts it, “businesses need to go beyond the interests of their
companies to the communities they serve”.
Explain this view and discuss the arguments for and against managing for ethical standards,
and going beyond company’s interests to that of the wider community. As part of your
response, discuss whether this makes it easier or more challenging to be an effective
manager.
RELATED QUESTIONS:
You should critically discuss organisational ethics, corporate social responsibility and
sustainability, and include analytical responses to the following related questions:
1. Define ethics, values, social responsibility and sustainability.
2. Discuss the various approaches that managers employ in evaluating and deciding on
ethical dilemmas and socially responsibility issues.
3. How can managers promote ethics in their respective organisations?
2
4. Discuss the relationship between upholding ethical standards, being socially
responsible and sustainability.
5. What could be achieved by going beyond company’s interests to that of the wider
community?
6. Does upholding ethical standards and being socially responsible add on to the
challenges facing effective managers?
COMPULSORY READINGS
Klettner, A., Clarke, T., and Boersma, M. (2014). The Governance of Corporate Sustainability:
Empirical Insights into the Development, Leadership and Implementation of Responsible
Business Strategy. Journal of Business Ethics, 122(1): 145 – 65.
Shah, S. (2014). Corporate Social Responsibility: A Way of Life at the Tata Group. Journal of
Human Values, 20(1), 59 – 74.
Wang, Y. (2013). From Virtue Ethics to Virtuous Corporation – Putting Virtues into Business
Practice. PLATFORM: Journal of Media and Communication, 5(1), 131 – 139.
Wu, L.Z., Kwan, H. K., Yim, F. H. K., Chiu, R. K., and He, X. (2015). CEO Ethical Leadership and
Corporate Social Responsibility: A Moderated Mediation Model. Journal of Business Ethics,
130(4), 819 – 831.
LENGTH AND ESSAY PRESENTATION
The length of the essay, including citations, but excluding the reference list, is 1,000 words.
Include the word count at the end of the essay, and before the reference list. Turnitin similarly
should be 5% or lower.
Use 1.5 line spacing, 2.5 cm margins on top, bottom and on each side, Times New Roman font
size 12. You are required to use the Harvard (AGPS) Referencing style throughout your essay.
All essays must cite a minimum of five (5) academic/scholarly and peer reviewed articles. This
does not include the four (4) compulsory articles featured above. Thus, you should have a
minimum of nine (9) articles, including the four (4) compulsory articles.
Do not use colour printing or formatting templates when submitting your report. Do not
include an executive summary, content section, abstract, footnotes or endnotes. Do not use
headings and subheadings.
Turnitin will check your assignment against over a billion internet articles, academic articles
and previously submitted essays, to identify any cases which should be checked for
plagiarism. Note that the penalties for plagiarism can be severe, and a case of plagiarism,
detected by other means, will still be brought, even if the Turnitin program fails to detect it.
3
Thus, you must ensure that you submit only your own work, with all sources properly
acknowledged and referenced.
ESSAY STRUCTURE
Please ensure that you follow the following structure in your essay:
WRITING STYLE: The essay should be written in a formal and academic style. The essay will
be evaluated for discriminatory language, clarity of expression and overall presentation. Do
not use bullet points, and casual language or bracketed comments. Do not use headings and
subheadings, as they reduce the integration and flow of your essay.
Your essay must be fully and appropriately referenced, using Harvard (AGPS) intext citations.
Substantial marks will be deducted for inadequate, or incorrect, referencing. Aim for, at least,
two (2) in-text citations per 100 words.
FEEDBACK AND MARKING CRITERIA/GUIDELINES: Marks and feedback will be given in class
two weeks after submission. Please review the marking rubric in iLearn. The marking criteria
are:
1. Depth of knowledge and development of a consistent, clear and well-supported
answer to the question.
2. Overall level and quality of synthesis, analysis, critical thinking, support and
substantiation, in terms of key themes, arguments and issues raised in the question.
3. Quality of academic research undertaken, as per:
a. Appropriate number of relevant academic references sourced from peer reviewed
national and international journals, books, edited and refereed book chapters, and
databases. All essays must cite at least nine (9) academic sources.
b. Degree of relevance of sources to the arguments featured in your essay.
c. Employment of correct Harvard (AGPS) Referencing style.
4. Use of appropriate structure, as discussed above.
5. Clarity of expression, grammar, spelling, punctuation, sentence structure and
terminology employed as per management and business glossaries covered in class.
6. Overall essay layout and presentation.
4
WMGM102, Essay Marking Rubric: Ethics, Social Responsibility and Sustainability
Criteria and their
loading (in %)
Addressing the main
essay question (15%)
Focus on the topic
Identification of issues
Understanding and
application of the
theory (20%)
Understanding of
theories/concepts/
models
Application of
theories/concepts/models
Fail (FA)
Nonsubmission
OR Student is
found to have
plagiarised
Nonsubmission
OR
Student is
found to have
plagiarised
Fail (F)
The question of how managing
for ethical standards, being
socially responsible and the
enhancement of corporate
sustainability prospects are
intertwined fails to be addressed;
the key issues the question
raises fail to be identified
(0 – 7)
Essay fails to reword and/or
summarise
theoretical/conceptual
information, instead providing
regurgitations of the material;
information on managing for
ethical standards, being socially
responsible and the
enhancement of corporate
sustainability prospects is listed
as collection of pasted material
(0 – 9.5)
Pass (P)
Credit (Cr)
The question of how managing for
ethical standards, being socially
responsible and the enhancement of
corporate sustainability prospects are
intertwined is adequately addressed;
the key issues the question raises are
mostly clearly
Identified
(10 – 11)
Essay broadly rewords and/or
summarises theoretical information
providing adequate interpretations of
theories/concepts/models; relationship
between managing for ethical
standards, being socially responsible
and the enhancement of corporate
sustainability prospects are generally
explained through relevant
theories/concepts/models
The text is entirely descriptive
failing to appraise arguments and
views for and against managing
for ethical standards, and/or
implications of issues at hand; no
judgment is formed as others’
opinions are Regurgitated
(0 – 12)
Confused development of the
argument at hand; structure of the
text is not logical or coherent;
arguments consist of a series of
assertions only
The question of how managing for
ethical standards, being socially
responsible and the enhancement of
corporate sustainability prospects are
intertwined is incompletely addressed;
the key issues the question raises are
unclearly
Identified
(7.5 – 9.5)
Essay simplistically rewords and/or
summarises theoretical/conceptual
information providing poor
interpretations of
theories/concepts/models; the
relationship between managing for
ethical standards, being socially
responsible and the enhancement of
corporate sustainability prospects are
described by repeating existing
theories rather than explained through
them
(10 – 12.5)
The text is mostly descriptive providing
limited appraisal of arguments and
views for and against managing for
ethical standards, and/or implications
of issues at hand; formed judgments
mostly depend on
others’ opinions
(12.5 – 16)
Disruptive development of the
argument at hand; structure of the
text has flaws in logic and
coherence; some signs of relevant
evidence are being used
(13 – 14.5)
Distinction (D)
The question of how managing for
ethical standards, being socially
responsible and the enhancement of
corporate sustainability prospects are
intertwined is carefully addressed;
the key issues the question raises
are clearly
Identified
(11.5 – 12.5)
Essay comprehensively reviews
theoretical information providing
excellent interpretations of
theories/concepts/models;
relationship between managing for
ethical standards, being socially
responsible and the enhancement of
corporate sustainability prospects are
resourcefully explained through
relevant theories/concepts and
models
(15 – 16.5)
The text provides comprehensive
analysis by appraising arguments
and views for and against managing
for ethical standards, and/or
implications of issues at hand;
independent judgments are formed
Analysis and evaluation
of the issue (25%)
Discussing
Analysing
Evaluating
Nonsubmission
OR
Student is
found to have
plagiarised
Argument
development and
structure (20%)
Clarity of argument
development Coherence
of structure
Quality of evidence
Nonsubmission
OR
Student is
found to have
plagiarised
(0 – 9.5)
(10 – 12.5)
Use of language (5%)
Sentence structure;
Spelling; Grammar; Use
of academic
language/vocabulary
Nonsubmission
OR
Student is
found to have
plagiarised
Multiple grammar/spelling
mistakes are present; sentences
are very poorly constructed;
informal rather than academic
language/vocabulary is used
(0 – 2)
Many grammar/spelling mistakes
are present; sentences are poorly
constructed; use of limited
academic language/vocabulary
(2.5 – 3)
(3.5)
Referencing
presentation (5%)
Accuracy
Consistency and
compliance with Harvard
(AGPS) style
Nonsubmission
OR
Student is
found to have
plagiarised
Referencing does not conform to
Harvard (AGPS) style; multiple
inaccuracies and/or
inconsistencies in the in-text
references and reference list
exist
(0 – 2)
Referencing mostly conforms to
Harvard (AGPS) style. Many
inaccuracies and inconsistencies in
the in-text references and reference
list exist
Referencing conforms to Harvard
(AGPS) style. Few inaccuracies
and/or inconsistencies in the in-text
references and reference list exist
(4)
Referencing conforms to Harvard
(AGPS) style. Mainly no inaccuracies
and/or inconsistencies in the in-text
references and a reference list exist
(3.5)
(4)
Research slightly exceeds the
requirement of nine (9) academic
sources, and includes a few peerreviewed academic articles, drawing
on references from good quality and
relevant academic sources
(6.5 – 7)
Research considerably exceeds the
requirement of nine (9) academic
sources, comprised of high-quality
and high-relevance peer-reviewed
academic articles, from reputable
academic sources
(7.5 – 8)
Quality of research
(10%)
The amount and the
quality of sources
Nonsubmission
OR
Student is
found to have
plagiarised
Research is based on fewer than
nine (9) academic sources,
including no peer-reviewed
articles, but rather irrelevant
references from non-academic
or non-reputable sources
(0 – 4.5)
(2.5 – 3)
Research meets the requirement of
nine (9) academic sources, but uses
only few peer-reviewed articles, mostly
drawing on references from nonacademic or non-reputable sources, or
sources of limited relevance
(5 – 6)
The text provides fair, but, at times,
superficial analysis by appraising
arguments and views for and against
managing for ethical standards, and/or
implications of issues at hand; few
independent judgments are
formed
(16.5 – 18.5)
Mostly clear development of the
argument at hand; structure of the text
is mostly logic and coherent; evidence
is selected with care but at times is not
sufficient
High Distinction (HD)
The question of how managing for
ethical standards, being socially
responsible and the enhancement of
corporate sustainability prospects are
intertwined is fully addressed; the key
issues the question raises are very
clearly Identified
(13 – 15)
Essay insightfully reviews
theoretical information providing
outstanding interpretations of
theories/concepts/models;
relationship between managing for
ethical standards, being socially
responsible and the enhancement
of corporate sustainability
prospects are explained through
relevant theories/concepts/models
(17 – 20)
(19 – 21)
Clear development of the argument
at hand; structure of the text is
consistently coherent and logical;
evidence is sufficient and
thoughtfully chosen
The text provides complex analysis
by appraising arguments and views
for and against managing for ethical
standards, and/or implications of
issues at hand; original and
independent
judgments are formed
(21.5 – 25)
Clear and compelling development of
the argument at hand; coherent
structure strategically enhances the
impact of the text; careful evidence
reflects independent judgment
(13 – 14.5)
(15 – 16.5)
(17 – 20)
Minor grammar/spelling mistakes are
present; sentences are wellconstructed; expanded academic
language/vocabulary is used
Few or none grammar/ spelling
mistakes are present; sentences
are skillfully constructed; complex
academic language/vocabulary is
used
No grammar/spelling mistakes are
present; sentences are originally and
persuasively constructed;
sophisticated academic
language/vocabulary is used
(4.5 – 5)
Referencing conforms to Harvard
(AGPS) style. The in-text references
and a reference list are impeccable,
with no inaccuracies or
inconsistencies
(4.5 – 5)
Research notably exceeds the
requirement of nine (9) academic
sources, comprised of high-quality
and high-relevance peer-reviewed
academic articles, from highly
reputable academic sources
(8.5 – 10)
Student name and student number:
Group number, day, time:
Teacher’s name:
Teacher’s signature:
Teacher’s feedback:
Essay mark:
/100
The sample essay below follows many (although not all) of the conventions of a typical
management essay. The introduction outlines the overall topic and then narrows its focus to
the specific aspect of that topic that will be discussed in the essay. However, the
introduction doesn’t give a thesis statement (which explains the authors’ main argument)
or an outline of the structure of the essay. It is a good idea to include both of these things,
although as this essay shows, it is not compulsory.
The main body has a clear and logical structure, with clear topic sentences guiding the
reader through the overall argument by making it clear what the main idea of each
paragraph is. The main body of each paragraph uses in-text citations to provide evidence
and examples that help expand on the idea listed in the topic sentence.
Organizations across the globe respond differently to
complications that they face in modern world. Financial pressure
and economic downturns force firms to apply various strategies in
order to improve organizational performance. Luan, Tien and Chi
(2013) state that downsizing is considered to be a prevailing
strategy to improve performance and effectiveness of an
organization. Downsizing is defined as a conscious systematic
reduction of the number of employees through a deliberately
instituted set of actions by which firms aim to achieve specific
objectives (Rai & Lakshman, 2014). Even though such a tool as
downsizing is used in order to improve the company, it does not
signify that only organizations experiencing hardships downsize, in
fact, growing organizations are just as liable to undertake
downsizing (Trevor & Nyberg, 2008). Williams, Khan and Naumann
(2011) claim that the majority of Fortune 500 companies have
downsized at least once since 1990 and most of these companies
have repeatedly conducted downsizing.
The first two sentences
introduce the overall topic of
how companies respond to
financial problems. The next
two sentences narrow the focus
by looking specifically at the
issue of downsizing and giving
a definition. The last two
sentences explain how common
the practice of downsizing is
and then provides some
supporting evidence.
Firms implement such a business tool as downsizing widely in their
practices due to various reasons. Firstly, companies undertake
downsizing primarily as a cost cutting measure in order to increase
profitability, remain competitive in the global marketplace, adapt
to the changing environment or even in some cases to survive
(Cascio, 1993, as cited in Trevor & Nyberg, 2008; ArmstrongStassen, Reavley & Ghanam, 2005). Moreover, Luan et al. (2013)
state that downsizing is considered to be a useful tool to reduce
excessive bureaucracy, which assists in cutting organizational costs
and increasing efficiency and is especially effective during an
economic downturn. Furthermore, innovati …
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