Discussion Board Replies

This assignment will consist of 2 separate documents, each document will be a 200 word reply written in first person directly addressing the student. For example, ” I agree with your argument…”, “You make a good point…” “In my post I also discussed…” ” I disagree..” etc.*Must be written at graduate level comprehension*Must include the course the textbook.*Must be written in APA formattingReply to 2 classmates’ threads. Each reply must be at least 200 words and include at least 2 peer-reviewed references.Topic: Choose a publicly traded company that you are familiar with.Go to the selected company’s website and look at their annual report (10k). If you prefer, you may also go to the Securities Exchange Commission’s EDGAR database and download the annual report. In researching the company, determine the company’s critical success factors. In a thread of at least 400 words, explain what you believe the critical success factors are, and what the company needs to do to either gain a competitive advantage, or maintain their competitive advantage. Your thread must include 2 peer-reviewed references. In module/week 2, you will substantially reply to 2 other students’ threads. Each reply must include 2 peer-reviewed references and be at least 200 words.


Don't use plagiarized sources. Get Your Custom Essay on
Discussion Board Replies
Just from $13/Page
Order Essay


Unformatted Attachment Preview

Forum 3
Exxon Mobile
April 26, 2018
ExxonMobil Corporation principle business is energy, involving the worldwide
exploration, production, transportation and sale of crude oil and natural gas (Upstream), and the
manufacture, transportation and sale of petroleum (Downstream). The Corporation is also a
major worldwide manufacturer and marketer of petrochemicals (Chemical).
Success Factors:
The company’s integrated business model, with significant investments in Upstream,
Downstream and Chemical segments, reduces the Corporation’s risk from changes in commodity
prices. Exxon Mobile, Corp. is the largest public oil and gas company in the world with a
massive market cap of $303 billion, and is the fifth largest company by market capital in the
United States. Exxon has a very strong record in paying and growing dividends, and increasing
their dividend payments annually for the last 30 years (Edwards, 2015). Exxon has taken steps to
shore up its financial position by cutting its Cap Ex by $4 billion for 2014. The cuts to CapEx should free up
cash flow to continue dividend payments (Edwards, 2015).
Competitive Advantage
ExxonMobil, with its resource base, financial strength, disciplined investment approach and
technology portfolio, is well-positioned to participate in substantial investments to develop new energy
supplies. By 2040, the world’s population is projected to grow to approximately 9 billion people according to
ExxonMobil’s 10K annual report. Liquid fuels provide the largest share of global energy supplies today. By
2040, the company expects global demand to grow to approximately 112 million barrels of oil per day
ensuring the need for the company’s commodity. The company maintains competitive advantages due to its
massive size, which creates economies of scale in its favor. Exxon is also significantly diversified across many
different projects. Unlike smaller oil and gas companies that only invest in limited projects, Exxon has the
capital and resources to spread out its capital investments (Edward, 2015).
ExxonMobil is a conservative company—some say too conservative. However, its
decision to remain integrated was a sound one. While low oil prices aren’t fun for the company,
it won’t lead to its immediate demise, either (Sanati, 2016). ExxonMobil’s sound financial
position gives it the opportunity to access the world’s capital markets in the full range of market
conditions, and enables the Corporation to take on large, long-term capital commitments in the
pursuit of maximizing shareholder value.
Edwards, J. (2015, September 30). Exxon Mobil Stock: A Dividend Analysis (XOM)? Investopedia. Retrieved
from https://www.investopedia.com/articles/markets/093015/exxon-mobil-stock-dividend-analysis.asp
Sanati, C. (2016, February 3). Exxon Shows The Benefits of Being Big in a World of Low Oil
Prices. Fortune. Retrieved from http://fortune.com/2016/02/03/exxon-big-oil-benefits/
ExxonMobil Annual Report. Retrieved
from http://cdn.exxonmobil.com/~/media/global/files/investorreports/2017/2016_financial_statements.pdf
Discussion Board Forum Three
Republic Services
When measured in terms of revenue, Republic Services is the second largest trash hauling
company in the United States. Generating an annual revenue of around $60 billion, the company
has a national focus and orients its growth towards areas of the country that are experiencing
population growth (Republic Services, 2017). Republic Services has a vision for the future,
which is definitely a factor to their continued success. Knowing where you want to be and
having plan to get there are a large part of the battle in being successful in your goals. This is
key for the company to have a chance at success in an economy that sees employees come and
go on a whim for various and sundry reasons, or offenses, and a consumer base that is
increasingly demanding in its expectations of service (Mayfield, Mayfield & Sharbrough, 2015).
Republic Services has, as its foundation towards continued success, a very detailed five
pillar strategy toward profitable growth through differentiation. The focus of these pillars starts
with building the best market position through building density and improving returns, an
operating model that focuses on a consistent, high-quality of service focused on the customer,
managing their 35,000 employees and talent, differentiating their product offerings to create
customer zeal, and continuing to focus on digitizing processes to better meet customer demands
(Republic Services, 2017).
Another aspect in which I feel the organization is continuing to see critical success is in
their management of capital allocation. They seemingly take a hard look at the current market
versus expenditures when considering where to invest capital to better enable the company to
challenge its competitors. As it relates to capital allocation, research has shown that presently
companies rely on several factors when considering capital allocation. These include net present
value (NPV) ranking, the timing of cash flows, to include financial constraints, as well as
internal rules established by individuals in charge that are close to the situation (Graham, Harvey
& 2015). On the surface it appears that Republic Services holds to several of these principles as
it responsibly manages capital investments in the future of the company.
In short, I think that Republic Services is on the right track to challenge its competitors.
They have a great vision and strategy to continue forward progress. The key will be focusing on
emerging markets, customer service, and management of their employees and talent pool.
Focusing on their already established five pillars will be key. As with many companies, strategy
is a great idea, but it means nothing if it is not properly implemented and managed from top to
Graham, J. R., Harvey, C. R., & Puri, M. (2015). Capital allocation and delegation of decisionmaking authority within firms. Journal of Financial Economics, 115(3), 449-470.
Mayfield, J., Mayfield, M., & Sharbrough, W. C. (2015). Strategic vision and values in top
leaders’ communications: Motivating language at a higher level. International Journal of
Business Communication, 52(1), 97-121. doi:10.1177/2329488414560282
Republic Services. (2017). 2017 Summary Annual Report. Retrieved from http://phx.corporateir.net/phoenix.zhtml?c=82381&p=irol-reportsannual
Sam’s Club
Sam’s Club is currently the second largest warehouse club retailer in the United States in
terms of market size (Evans & Satchu, 2010). The company has made small but steady market
and sales gains against its largest competitor Costco over the last several years due to investment
and gains in electronic commerce (Basker, 2007). Sam’s Club’s net sales saw a 2.1% decline
from fiscal year 2016 to 2015 with $56 billion comparted to $58 billion respectively (Wal-Mart,
2016). Although, Sam’s Club did have a 6.1% increase in membership income, which is a
significant driver for profits in the warehouse club retail market (Wal-Mart, 2016). Additionally,
Sam’s Club saw significant capital investments in its e-commerce networks such as Club Pickup,
which allows online ordering with an in-store pickup that should drive increased sales into the
coming years (Wal-Mart, 2016).
Within the warehouse club retail market, several critical success factors are driving the
competitive advantage over not only more traditional retailers such as Target, but over the big
three companies in the warehouse club segment (Evans & Satchu, 2010). Hicks and Hicks
(2014) define the critical success factors as those that are “essential for future success” and often
drive competitive edge within a market or market segment (p. 101). The four largest of these
critical factors that traditional retailers are having to contend with among warehouse retailers,
such as Sam’s Club, are limiting selections of items on shelves which reduces cost, lower price
points due to low markups and profits driven by membership fees, private-label brands such as
Sam’s Club/Wal-Mart’s Great Value and Costco’s Kirkland Signature that allows for a price
advantage over name brands, and distributed purchasing which allows individual clubs to order
or carry products according to their region, including locally produced products (Evans &
Satchu, 2010).
The warehouse club retail segment itself has three critical factors that are driving
competition amongst the big three in Sam’s Club, Costco, and BJ’s (Evans & Satchu, 2010).
Those intra-market critical factors are store location, consumer perception amongst value-based
consumers, and e-commerce (Evans & Satchu, 2010; Cascio, 2006). Sam’s Club has historically
been behind Costco both in sales and market share, although Sam’s Club has been narrowing the
gap with capital investments in its e-commerce (Evans & Satchu, 2010; Wal-Mart, 2016). In
order for Sam’s Club to overtake Costco and gain a competitive advantage, Sam’s Club must
strengthen its appeal amongst value-based consumers who pay attention to environmental
sustainability, organic products, employee pay and benefits, and product quality (Cascio, 2006).
Sam’s Club could also narrow the market gap in competitive advantage with a store location
strategy similar to Wal-Mart’s with a ruthless focus on competition through proximity to
competitor’s stores (Basker. 2007).
Basker, E. (2007). The causes and consequences of Wal-Mart’s growth. Journal of Economic
Perspectives, 21(3), 177-198.
Cascio, W. F. (2006). Decency means more than “always low prices”: A comparison of Costco
to Wal-Mart’s Sam’s Club. Academy of Management Perspectives, 26-37.
Evans, A. & Satchu, J. (2010). Why Costco and other warehouse club retailers matter. Executive
Insights, 12(5), 1-3.
Hicks, M. & Hicks, S. (2014). Accounting for the Rest of Us. Raleigh: Synergistics International
Wal-Mart Stores, Incorporated (2016). Annual Report 2016. Bentonville, AR: Corporate Author.
Dillion, I found your discussion post very interesting. I found it rather compelling that
Sam’s Club saw net sales decline from 2015 to 2016. You did a great job in outlining Sam’s
Club critical success factors. Upon further research, I came to the same conclusion in stating that
in an era of globalization e-commerce can make or break a company’s profit margin (M2
Presswire , 2015). According to Presswire.com (2015), more than 250 million customers visit
over 11,462 stores under 65 banners in 28 countries and e-commerce websites in 11 countries.
Furthermore, Lee (2015) states that in the current era of globalization, successful companies and
multinational businesses must effectively integrate and manage numerous resources in order to
maintain an effective advantage against competitors. Included in these resource is the application
and implementation of electronic-commerce (E-commerce). E-commerce is a critical part of
current business behaviors in the contemporary business world. E-commerce employs digitized
communication networks, computers or modern information technology (IT) tools to bring
consumer products directly from the manufacture to the customer. Given the constant and rapid
innovation in the technology industry, businesses must adapt and remain flexible into to ensure
they remain relevant to the ever-changing population base.
Lee, C.-Y., Lee, T.-R., & Kao, C.-K. (2015). Study on the Adaptation of Corporate Business
Strategy to E-commerce Practice. Advances in Management and Applied Economics, 2543.
M2 Presswire . (2015). Walmart Opens New e-Commerce Fulfillment Center in Bethlehem, PA.
M2 PressWire, n/a.
The Boeing Company is one of the leading aerospace companies in business today. Since 1916,
Boeing has been on the leading edge of aerospace technology. In fact, Boeing created the first
commercial pressurized airliner (Deen, 2013). The company has found success in both the commercial
airline market as well as with the U.S. military, providing the military with aircraft, satellites, and other
technologies useful in the defense of the nation.
Critical Success Factors
This partnership between the U.S. military services and The Boeing Company has played a crucial
role in the company’s success by providing a stable market for Boeing’s products. For example, Boeing’s
revenues in 2013, 2014, and 2015 were approximately $87 billion, $91 billion, and $96 billion
respectively. Of each of those years, approximately one-third of the revenues came from “Defense, Space,
& Security,” while the other two-thirds came from “Commercial Airplanes” (Boeing Company, 2015). Most
recently, in 2011, Boeing was awarded a $4.9 billion contract to design the Air Force’s new KC-46 Pegasus
aerial refueling aircraft (Boeing Company, 2015). The first nineteen aircraft are to be delivered by 2018
(Dodaro, 2015). To make the delivery of the initial nineteen aircraft, Boeing was awarded $2.8 billion in
2016 (Ramey, 2016).
The relationship with the military does not end there. The Boeing Company was behind the
design of several other fighter and airlift aircraft commissioned by the military including the F/A-18 Super
Hornet, F-15 Eagle, and C-17 Globemaster (Boeing Company, 2015). The symbiotic relationship between
the U.S. military and The Boeing Company has created a stable platform upon which Boeing can lean to
stay ahead of its competition.
In addition to Boeing’s tremendous success from its work with the U.S. military, the company has
experienced remarkable success in the commercial airline market with its various models of commercial
aircraft. As previously stated, Boeing’s commercial airline sector actually makes up for roughly two-thirds
of its revenues (Boeing Company, 2015). However, while the commercial sector is where Boeing makes
most of its money, the services and products for the military form a firm foundation for Boeing.
Cautions for Boeing
The technologies and products that Boeing works with and provides are extremely expensive for
the average shopper. Working with billions of dollars on a yearly basis, it would not take very many
mistakes or failed products to put the company in jeopardy. This is especially true considering the
company’s debt-to-equity ratio of 5:1 (Boeing Company, 2015). It is smart of Boeing’s leaders to use debt
to finance the research and development of the company’s products because of the amount of capital
required to fund such products. However, working with such a large debt-to-equity ratio can be
dangerous for Boeing if it experiences several years of low revenues.
Additionally, while Boeing is one of the largest airline companies in the world, its main competitor,
Airbus, is a tough rival. Founded in 1970, Airbus has emerged as a strong competitor for Boeing (Tong &
Tong, 2003). Airbus already competes with Boeing in the military sector by providing aerial refueling
aircraft to the Royal Australian Air Force, and the company almost won the bid to develop the U.S. Air
Force’s newest aerial refueling aircraft, the KC-46, losing the bid to Boeing after intense scrutiny. Globally,
Boeing competes with Airbus in many of the same markets.
In the end, Boeing’s stability and longevity are difficult to match. Its relationship with the U.S. and
foreign governments providing aircraft for military operations helps ensure its success for many
years. This strong foundation has enabled the company to continue to push the envelope in the
commercial sector. The returns from both markets have helped make Boeing the successful company it is
today. The large amount of debt that Boeing works with is one of the biggest concerns looking at
Boeing. It would be beneficial for Boeing to increase its available capital and reduce some of the debt it
uses for operations in order to put the company in a stronger position.
Boeing Company. (2015). 2015 annual report.
Deen, L. (2013). Boeing and the future of aviation. Hispanic Engineer and Information Technology, 28(2),
Dodaro, G. (2015). Assessment of selected weapon programs.
Ramey, C. (2016, August). Boeing awarded $2.8B for KC-46 tanker initial production. Everett, Washington.
Retrieved from http://boeing.mediaroom.com/news-releases-statements?item=129760
Tong, C., & Tong, L.-I. (2003). Boeing vs. Airbus: Competing for the future. Competitiveness Review: An
International Business Journal, 13(2), 36-41.
Kyle, your analysis and well thought-out discussion was truly beneficial. I concur with
your overall assessment that Boeing is and will continue to be an industry leader for the unseen
future. I would like to further expand on Boeings heavily reliance on government contracts as a
source of revenue. According to Gardner (2012), military spending is contingent on the will of
policy makers and the health of the economy. Historical, when the economy is stagnant,
lawmakers routinely cut large government contracts in order to save money. So ultimately, when
a potential investor considers buying stock in Boeing further analysis must be done to determine
the status of the economy. Furthermore, Klinger (2014) argues that Boeing is not practicing
corporate citizenship or social responsibility. From 2008 to 2014, Boeing reported to the
Securities and Exchange Commission between $1.6 billion and $5.9 billion in profits each year,
yet the company paid no federal income taxes. Additionally, over the last six years, Boeing
reported $26.4 billion in pre-tax profits to its shareholders, while claiming a total of $105 million
in refunds from the IRS, an effective tax rate of -0.4 percent.
I am not arguing the fact that government contracting is/is not vital to national security. I
am simply stating that big business must be held accountable to unethical business practices. Dr.
Fischer (n.d.) illustrates this point well when he discusses the need for companies to stay
competitive and relevant to an ever-changing population.
Fischer, K. (n/a). Globalization and Big Business. BMAL 560 presentation. Liberty University .
Gardner, D. (2012). Defense Cuts: Local businesses who rely on DOD spending run the gamut
from machine shops to lock-makers. Northeast Pennsylvania Business Journal, 65.
Klinger, S. (2014). Boeing, Second Largest Federal Contractor, Pays No Federal Income Tax in
2013. Center of Effective Government , n/a.

Purchase answer to see full

Calculate your paper price
Pages (550 words)
Approximate price: -

Why Work with Us

Top Quality and Well-Researched Papers

We always make sure that writers follow all your instructions precisely. You can choose your academic level: high school, college/university or professional, and we will assign a writer who has a respective degree.

Professional and Experienced Academic Writers

We have a team of professional writers with experience in academic and business writing. Many are native speakers and able to perform any task for which you need help.

Free Unlimited Revisions

If you think we missed something, send your order for a free revision. You have 10 days to submit the order for review after you have received the final document. You can do this yourself after logging into your personal account or by contacting our support.

Prompt Delivery and 100% Money-Back-Guarantee

All papers are always delivered on time. In case we need more time to master your paper, we may contact you regarding the deadline extension. In case you cannot provide us with more time, a 100% refund is guaranteed.

Original & Confidential

We use several writing tools checks to ensure that all documents you receive are free from plagiarism. Our editors carefully review all quotations in the text. We also promise maximum confidentiality in all of our services.

24/7 Customer Support

Our support agents are available 24 hours a day 7 days a week and committed to providing you with the best customer experience. Get in touch whenever you need any assistance.

Try it now!

Calculate the price of your order

Total price:

How it works?

Follow these simple steps to get your paper done

Place your order

Fill in the order form and provide all details of your assignment.

Proceed with the payment

Choose the payment system that suits you most.

Receive the final file

Once your paper is ready, we will email it to you.

Our Services

No need to work on your paper at night. Sleep tight, we will cover your back. We offer all kinds of writing services.


Essay Writing Service

No matter what kind of academic paper you need and how urgent you need it, you are welcome to choose your academic level and the type of your paper at an affordable price. We take care of all your paper needs and give a 24/7 customer care support system.


Admission Essays & Business Writing Help

An admission essay is an essay or other written statement by a candidate, often a potential student enrolling in a college, university, or graduate school. You can be rest assurred that through our service we will write the best admission essay for you.


Editing Support

Our academic writers and editors make the necessary changes to your paper so that it is polished. We also format your document by correctly quoting the sources and creating reference lists in the formats APA, Harvard, MLA, Chicago / Turabian.


Revision Support

If you think your paper could be improved, you can request a review. In this case, your paper will be checked by the writer or assigned to an editor. You can use this option as many times as you see fit. This is free because we want you to be completely satisfied with the service offered.

Order your essay today and save 15% with the discount code DISCOUNT15