discussion group

assignment 1 “The Guest” – Write a thoughtful analysis on Camus’ story.please show your own ideas for it. don’t Plagiarism , the power point is for help, thank you ! let me know if you have any questions assignment 2 Please read this article and answer the questions at the end of the article.at least 500 words, let me know if you have any questions.
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The Guest
Albert Camus
Existentialism (again)
Christianity and most monotheistic faiths – essence precedes existence
who we are is defined (as essence) by our creator, before we even
have physical existence
Existentialism – existence precedes essence
we exist – just that – until and unless we “create” our own essence
We “create” who we are through the act of making choices, and those choices
are the only things that give our lives meaning
Choices we are faced with almost always involve other people, so we are defined
through our relations with others (we make meaningful choices or destructive
ones)
Major existentialist figures: Nietzsche, Sartre, Camus
Camus also concerned with:
Absurdism: A belief that our need for meaning is greater than the ability of the
universe to be meaningful – all philosophical positions absurd.
Moralism: A philosophical enquiry into the ethical implications of the human
condition.
The French/Algerian conflict
From: http://www.historytoday.com/martin-evans/french-resistance-and-algerian-war
“During the 1950s the Algerian struggle against France and its white settlers for
independence inflamed passions and hatreds in both countries.”
“The French conquest of Algeria began in 1830. In 1848 Algeria was annexed as three
French departments. During the nineteenth century there were two waves of French
immigration: post 1848 and post 1881. At the same time Algerians were systematically
pauperised. Traditional patterns of land ownership were dismantled and French settlers
were allowed to buy or confiscate land. In 1954, French Algeria was a society rigidly
polarised along racial lines, economically, politically and culturally. On the one side there
were one million French settlers; on the other nine million Algerians. So from the outset
the relationship between Algeria and France, French and Algerians, was a racist, colonial
one, based on violence.”
“The Algerian war started with the insurrection organised by the National Liberation
Front (FLN), on November 1st, 1954, and lasted until 1962 when Algeria became
independent. During those eight years one million Algerians died.”
Brief clip of Youtube film on French-Algerian war
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-gHrJHNiN0k
Themes in “The Guest”
Revolt
Feeling of alienation and exile in the world.
Freedom
Brotherhood
Responsibility
Inevitability of choice
Responsibility for another’s fate
The system vs the individual
Guest-host relationship
There are two major choices that must be made in the story. One is Daru’s, and
the other is his “guest’s”.
Daru’s is a moral choice (moral consequences to whatever he decides).
The Guest’s is an existential choice – truly – ultimately between living or dying.
What you must think about in reading the story is why these two characters make
the choices they do. Mostly, your final exam questions on this story will ask you to
discuss this question.
Think about how Daru’s isolation may contribute to his situation and, thus, his
decision.
Think about how the political/cultural conflicts may contribute to both characters
decisions.
Why Your Flat-Screen TV Would Cost More If Nafta Ends
An end to the trade pact risks shifting more production to Asia, prompting higher prices for
U.S. consumers and no new American jobs, experts say.
Retailers across the U.S. will be cutting prices on TVs during the holiday season, but as the WSJ’s Robbie Whelan explains
while busting open a Samsung flatscreen, trade talks between the U.S. and Mexico could change that. Photo: Jeff Bush/The
Wall Street Journal Video
By
Robbie Whelan and
Santiago Pérez
Updated Nov. 27, 2017 4:22 p.m. ET
TIJUANA, Mexico—One of the biggest potential casualties of the trade scuffle under way between
Mexico and the U.S. is also one of America’s favorite consumer products: cheap, high-definition, flatpanel televisions.
Every year, U.S. consumers buy more than 40 million flat-screen TVs, as many as three-quarters of
them assembled in factories here in Mexico’s electronics-producing hub on the border with California.
On Black Friday, the day after Thanksgiving, many of these shoppers will line up outside of Wal-Mart
and Best Buy stores to buy their televisions. And every year, prices for flat-screens decline, as new
models enter the market and retailers outdo one another to offer deeper discounts.
But behind this annual holiday tradition is a fragile business model that relies on razor-thin profit
margins, nimble production networks and tariff-free trade between Mexico—the world’s top producer
of televisions—and the U.S., the top buyer.
Ending the North American Free Trade
Agreement risks shifting more production of TV
components to Asia, prompting higher prices for
U.S. consumers and not resulting in new
American jobs, according to manufacturing
executives and analysts.
President Donald Trump has called Nafta, which
enables those televisions to enter the U.S. tarifffree, a “total disaster” that has cost the U.S. millions of jobs, and pledged to pull out of the deal if it’s
not renegotiated to benefit American workers. A fifth round of Nafta talks, this time in Mexico City,
ended on Tuesday with no major advances.
For some industries, including auto manufacturing, an updated Nafta with tighter rules could lead to
some job gains in the U.S., economists say. But not for flat-screen TV makers.
That is because for decades, most electronic components have been manufactured exclusively in China
and other low-wage Asian countries, and because U.S. assembly salaries to put those components
together are too expensive to compete with them.
“America doesn’t even have the components in place to produce this product at twice the price,” said
James Lin, chief executive of Unis Co., an importer in the City of Industry, Calif., who distributes
millions of televisions made by Samsung, LG, Vizio and other brands.
A closer look at how TVs are made shows why.
Workers recently inspected and packed LG flat screens at an assembly plant in
Reynosa, Mexico. Millions of flat screen TVs are assembled in Mexico each
year. PHOTO: RODRIGO ABD/ASSOCIATED PRESS
Nearly all a television’s value comes from Asia. The majority—
between 60% and 80%, depending on the size—is locked in one part
alone: the glass LCD panel. Only seven companies in the world produce panels large enough for flatscreen televisions, and they are all in China, Japan, Taiwan and South Korea.
The only components that are produced in North America are typically Mexican-made packaging and
molded plastic or metal casings for the TV’s exterior. Almost all other parts, including image and audio
processing chips, transistors, capacitors and even screws, get their start in factories in Asia and arrive
by container ship to the Port of Los Angeles and Long Beach.
Once in the U.S., they are trucked over the border—tariff free—to assembly plants in Tijuana, put
together, packed, and trucked back over the border to distribution centers in Southern California.
Producing those parts in the U.S.—especially the TV screens—would be impossible, manufacturers
say, because the factories don’t exist, at least not yet.
In July, Foxconn Technology Group, the Taiwanese contract manufacturing giant, announced plans for
a $10 billion factory in Wisconsin to manufacture flat-panel displays. But the plant, which would be
the first plant of its kind in North America, depends on billions of dollars in uncertain government
subsidies and could take years to build.
Under Nafta, TV manufacturers, who employ about 15,000 workers in Mexico, get to skip import
tariffs of 5% under World Trade Organization rules—tariffs that apply to almost all the TVs assembled
outside Mexico.
“If Nafta ends, that competitive advantage ends,” said Sergio Langarica, regional head of Mexico’s
electronics industry group Canieti and director of international trade and compliance
for Sony Electronics Inc.
With no Nafta, the assembly work done in Mexico nowadays would shift to other low-cost locations
like Vietnam, agrees Mr. Lin, the TV importer in Southern California.
If Nafta is killed and tariffs are imposed, manufacturers will have to absorb those higher costs because
U.S. consumers are generally unwilling to pay higher prices for televisions, said Paul Gagnon, director
of TV sets research at consulting firm IHS Markit .
An employee showed customers flat screen televisions at a Best Buy Co. store in Downers
Grove, Illinois. An end to Nafta is likely to make such TVs more
costly. PHOTO: DANIEL ACKER/BLOOMBERG NEWS
“Cost increases are not always seen in the form of price increases. Maybe
that TV doesn’t go on sale very often, which can have a big effect on
sales,” Mr. Gagnon added.
While 5% doesn’t sound like very much, it would hurt in an industry where profit margins are very
thin. Several brands sell cheap 32-inch models at a loss as they focus on bigger TV sets, such as 55inch flat screens that give a margin of about 10%, according to IHS.
Mr. Langarica at Sony said ending Nafta would limit companies’ ability to offer discounts, which are
crucial to sales. Because flat-screens are not essential household items, most consumers wait until
there’s a big sale—like every year on Black Friday—to buy one.
“Just think about how much Black Friday has been conditioned into consumers’ minds as a time to
buy,” said Mr. Gagnon at IHS. “When the deals don’t seem to be as good, you’re quite willing to go
shopping for a washing machine instead.”
Write to Robbie Whelan at robbie.whelan@wsj.com and Santiago Pérez at santiago.perez@wsj.com
1. Why are high-definition, flat-panel televisions sold in the U.S. market primarily assembled in Mexico?
2. How would the supply chains for high-definition, flat-panel televisions change if Nafta were to end?
3. How would a 5% increase in price impact the sales of high-definition, flat-panel televisions in the United States?
4. Why would ending Nafta not result in new American jobs for the production of high-definition, flat-panel
televisions?
5. What U.S. industries would be positively impacted by ending Nafta?

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