essay grammar correct

main job: correct the grammar problems and the sentences use. you can also according to the requirement to revise some place that you think it necessary or i missed. here is the paper requirement:Based on what you’ve learned in assigned readings and class lectures, describe the language situation in Hong KongFor Hong Kong, you should consult Lau (the first file that i upload)Your paper should summarize which languages and dialects are spoken; by whom; and in what contexts. You should also indicate the relative prestige associated with the various languages, dialects, and accents. If you are discussing Hong Kong, you will have to say something about changes in the language situation over time.
lau_2005_hakka_in_hk.pdf

asian_211_wa1.docx

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A dialect murders another dialect: the case of
Hakka in Hong Kong
LAU CHUN FAT
Abstract
Both Hakka and Cantonese are defined as ‘‘Chinese dialects’’ in China.
Before Hong Kong developed into a metropolis, Hakka was the most widespread language spoken by the indigenous inhabitants in the rural area.
However, Hakka speakers within the territory have almost completed the
shift to Cantonese in the past fifty years. The changing political milieu and
the language policy of the colonial government caused its extinction in two
generation’s time, when Cantonese was enjoying a quasi ‘‘o‰cial’’ status in
the former British colony. The loss of Hakka speakers was caused by the
unwillingness of the parent to talk to their children in their ancestral tongue,
who themselves were also shifting to Cantonese. Most people regard Hakka
as useless and the rating of their tongue is becoming negative in the younger
generations. The Hakka fluency, knowledge of pronunciation and vocabulary decrease with age. The worst thing is that most people do not see
‘‘Hakka’’ as a part of the traditional culture of Hong Kong, but just regard
it as a barrier for acquiring Hong Kong identity, which almost equals
Cantonese language and culture.
1.
Hakka as an indigenous language in Hong Kong
Hong Kong consisted of three parts when the British acquired it from
China: Hong Kong island was ceded to Britain in 1842 and the Kowloon
Peninsula in 1860. Lastly, the New Territories were leased for 99 years
from 1898. The whole territory was returned to China on 1 July 1997.
When the British came to Hong Kong, the island was only sparsely
populated. However, on the mainland side where Kowloon and the
New Territories are, thousands of farmers had lived for generations.
Since they arrived much earlier than the British and the people who speak
Cantonese (the Yue speech variety of Guangzhou or Canton City), they
have been granted the identity of ‘‘indigenous inhabitants,’’ and are
0165–2516/05/0173–0023
6 Walter de Gruyter
Int’l. J. Soc. Lang. 173 (2005), pp. 23–35
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