Graduate-Level Writing Analysis and Development Plan

In this cumulative assignment, you will reflect on how your writing skills have improved throughout this course, as well as where you still have room for growth, and create a plan of action for the remainder of your graduate school experience.Review the required readings for this week, along with the feedback you received on your Weeks 1, 2, & 4 Individual assignments.Write a 1,050- to 1,400-word analysis of your graduate-level writing skills. Include the following:A summary of the feedback that you received on your Weeks 1, 2, & 4 Individual assignmentsAn analysis of your individual strengths and weaknesses in writingA detailed plan for refining areas for improvement in future assignmentsFormat your paper according to appropriate course-level APA guidelines.
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Running head: GRADUATE LEVEL WRITING
Graduate Level Writing
Yamilette Albertson
COM/600
Mar. 5, 2018
Judith Sugg
1
GRADUATE LEVEL WRITING
2
Graduate Level Writing
Graduate level writing is a high-quality form of writing which requires students to meet
the expectations of the professors based on the recommended standards. This kind of writing is
different from the undergraduate level writing or other informal writings such as emails and text
messages among others. The most challenging thing about this kind of writing is that individuals
are required to communicate their thoughts beyond their mere understanding of the given topic.
Characteristics of Graduate Level Writing
One of the characteristics is that this kind of writing requires a student to use critical
thinking when analyzing the topic that should be written. Critical thinking skills also allow the
student to view different opinions in various perspectives (Micciche, & Carr, 2011). Another
characteristic is that the graduate level writing includes a thesis which establishes the purpose for
writing the specific topic. A student has to develop a precise argument in order to meet the
expected objectives. The student is required to have conducted a deep research on the topic in
order to generate facts that support the developed thesis.
. Graduate level writing is different from other forms of writing because it entails the use
of deep vocabularies and diction. Also, passive language or abusive is not used since a student is
required to write in a formal and modest manner. Also, another aspect that makes graduate level
writing it different from other writings is that when acronyms are used, an explanation is
provided. Any reader who might not be familiar with the acronyms can fully understand their
meaning.
Elements of Effective Written Communication
Graduate level students should have good writing skills which enhance effective written
communication. It is important for one to understand the major elements of effective written
GRADUATE LEVEL WRITING
3
communication. One of the elements is logical organization and sequence. The written content
has to be well arranged which provides a deep insight of what is being written about. Clarity is
the other element whereby the right choice of words should be used in order to achieve a
meaningful discussion. In this case, technical terms should be defined so that all the readers are
engaged. Another important element is correctness whereby the writer has to check grammatical
errors, punctuations as well as the level of formality. Correctness is achieved through
proofreading which provides accuracy and it also eliminates plagiarism.
Plagiarism. Plagiarism is considered as intellectual theft where an individual uses
someone else’s words or ideas without authorization and uses them to complete their personal
work. Plagiarism prevents students from being creative and such an offense is determined as
academic dishonesty. In order to avoid plagiarism, one is required to perform a thorough
research on the topic of discussion in order to come up with several ideas concerning the topic.
The ideas are then supposed to be paraphrased using original words (Skandalakis, & Mirilas,
2004). Also, the written content should be properly cited using references within the discussion.
This provides originality of the content. Otherwise, lack of originality reflects that the content
has been plagiarized. A student is likely to have increased levels of stress when the offense is
recognized. This leads to time wastage since the student is forced to redo the work.
Ways of Managing Time and Stress. One of the realistic ways one can manage time is
by using a planner. The planner should consist of a daily to-do list of all the tasks that have to be
completed. Another strategy involves setting goals that are attainable. The goals can be shortterm and long-term. Once they have been set, one should review the progress frequently in order
to determine whether the goals have been met. On the other hand managing stress also
contributes to saving time since when individuals are stressed, they might not be in a position of
GRADUATE LEVEL WRITING
4
completing the required tasks. An effective way of managing stress involves taking adequate
rest. One has to take time to relax and sleep so that the mind can refresh. Seeking advice from
others also eliminates stress since there is combined effort in handling the challenging matter.
Conclusion
When an individual becomes a graduate he/she should learn how to achieve effective
written communication so that the written content can be understood. Clarity and accuracy in
writing enable the reader to relate well to the discussed topic. However, major aspects such as
time and stress management should be considered so that one can be in a position of writing
effectively. Poor time management increase the stress levels thus triggers students to plagiarize
since they are not in a position to plan and research their work in good time.
GRADUATE LEVEL WRITING
5
References
Micciche, L. R., & Carr, A. D. (2011). Toward graduate-level writing instruction. College
Composition and Communication, 477-501.
Skandalakis, J. E., & Mirilas, P. (2004). Plagiarism. Archives of Surgery, 139(9), 1022-1024.
Grading Guide for Graduate-Level Writing Paper
COM/600 Version 3
University of Phoenix Material
Week 1: Grading Guide for Graduate-Level Writing Paper
Content (60%)
•
Points Earned: 60
All key elements of the assignment are covered in a
substantive way. Major points are stated clearly and
are supported by specific details, examples, or
analysis.
o Identify characteristics of graduate writing, and
explain how writing at the graduate level differs
from other forms of writing (2 to 3 paragraphs).
o Describe elements of effective written
communication (1 to 2 paragraphs).
Comments:
Well done exploration, Yami! It was a pleasure
to read this paper — you are well on the way!
. ? You went through each point thoroughly, and
emphasized the importance of the elements of
writing. I particularly liked your sections on
plagiarism and stress management.
o Explain what plagiarism is and how to avoid it (1 to
2 paragraphs).
o Analyze realistic, attainable ways for managing
time and stress (1 to 2 paragraphs).
o 700 to 1,050 words
•
The paper links theory to relevant examples and uses
the vocabulary of the theory correctly.
Organization & Tone (20%)
Points Earned: 20
•
The tone is appropriate.
Comments:
•
The introduction provides a sufficient background on
the topic and previews major points.
Formal, academic tone. Transitions present,
good flow. Good intro and very good conclusion.
•
Paragraph transitions are present, logical, and
maintain the flow throughout the paper.
•
The conclusion is logical, flows from the body of the
paper, and reviews the major points.
Mechanics (20%)
•
Points Earned: 20
The paper—including tables, graphs, headings, title
page, and reference page— is consistent with APA
formatting guidelines and meets course-level
requirements.
Comments:
•
Intellectual property is recognized with in-text citations
and a reference page.
Very well written, easy to read and follow.
•
Rules of spelling, grammar, usage, and punctuation
are followed.
•
Sentences are complete, clear, concise, and varied.
APA formatting (nicely done).
Cited and referenced.
Concise.
Total Points Earned: 100
Copyright © 2017 by University of Phoenix. All rights reserved.
1
Grading Guide for Graduate-Level Writing Paper
COM/600 Version 3
Copyright © 2017 by University of Phoenix. All rights reserved.
2
Running head: ARTICLE ANALYSIS
1
Article Analysis
Yamilette Albertson
COM/600
Mar. 12, 2018
Judith Sugg
ARTICLE ANALYSIS
Part1: Outline
•
Introduction
o Use of benchmarking
o Measuring website usability
o Web evaluation methods
•
Website evaluation methods
o AIPD
o WebQual
•
Usability Concept
o Usability definition
o Four system Use properties
o Usability Model
•
Methodology
o Five phases of study
•
Web validity and content usefulness findings
o Screening
o Accessibility
o Navigation
o Media Use
o Interaction
o Content
•
Evaluation Benchmarking Approach
o Benchmarking definition
2
ARTICLE ANALYSIS
3
o Eight Steps of benchmarking
•
Framework Testing
o Testing usability
o Test Eight Steps Practicality
•
Conclusion
•
Reference
Part 2:
Summary
The article evaluates the website usability and content usefulness using the benchmarking
approach. It also explains the purpose of metrics to use, evaluation and process used in the
website benchmarking. Traditionally, people used different methods of achieving the same
purpose such as WebQual and AIPD. It defines the four properties used in the website
evaluation. It also defines the five phases used in the study as carried out in the study. The article
also describes the findings in the web usability and content usefulness such as screening,
navigation, and interactivity among others. The article also defines the eight steps used in
benchmarking. Finally, the article explains the framework testing considering the usability, eight
steps practicality and the framework level of usability.
Information in the article
Benchmarking is used in improving different areas of the organization such as human
resources among others. The framework helps in evaluating the website usability and the
ARTICLE ANALYSIS
4
usefulness of the content. The traditional methods used in evaluating the website include the
Attractive, Informing, Positioning and Delivering commonly referred to as (AIPD), the WebQual
and Webtango. The four properties of the system are utility, likeability, usability, and costs. The
model of the usability used in this article explains the need for the researcher to understand the
usability concept. The model includes the satisfaction of the user relating to the subjective
assessment of the user.
The methodology used in the study has five phases namely, the identification metrics for
the benchmarking. This is vital to evaluate the study based on the available literature. The study
also verifies the usability metrics to ensure that the metrics are applicable to the study. It also
classifies the metrics components into subjective and objective. The framework is developed
after that and the framework is applied in the process.
The findings evaluate the screen appearance considering vision, colors reliability and
scalability of the website. A good website should have a great choice of color, attractive and user
should read with ease. A good website should load easily, have search facilities and easy to
browse. A good website should have good methods and tools to navigate. A good website should
provide features to interact with the user. Finally, it should have consistent and reliable content
for the users. This is vital for the user. The testing process is important in the evaluation process.
The test process should involve usability testing am the framework testing as well as testing the
framework level of usability.
Article credibility
The information in the article is credible based on various sources. The information
presented by the author comes from different sources such as reputable researcher. The author
ARTICLE ANALYSIS
5
also uses some models to describe the study and to explain the importance of the framework.
This makes the information presented reliable. Different researchers and the models used in the
process provide a foundation for the study conducted.
The methods of data collection and analysis used in the study improve the reliability of
the information. The questionnaire used to gather information present a reliable method to collect
reliable data. The author also provides a graphical result indicating that the information is real.
This improves the validity and reliability of the result provided. Therefore, the article has reliable
and credible information.
ARTICLE ANALYSIS
6
Reference
Hassan, S., & Li, F. (2005). Evaluating the usability and content usefulness of web sites: A
benchmarking approach. Journal of Electronic Commerce in Organizations, 3(2), 46-67.
Retrieved from https://search-proquestcom.contentproxy.phoenix.edu/docview/236483471?accountid=35812
Grading Guide for Research Article Analysis
COM/600 Version 3
University of Phoenix Material
Week 2: Grading Guide for Research Article Analysis
Content (60%)
•
Points Earned: 60
All key elements of the assignment are covered in a
substantive way. Major points are stated clearly and
are supported by specific details, examples, or
analysis.
o An outline of the main points discussed in each
section of the article
o A summary of the article’s main points (1 to 2
paragraphs)
o An explanation of the type of information that is
discussed in each section of the article (2 to 4
paragraphs)
o An explanation for why the article would or would
not be considered a credible, reliable, and valid
source (2 to 3 paragraphs)
Comments:
Hello, Yami, Well done paper and outline. You
are going to do just fine in graduate school.
Clean paper and summary, with a clear outline. I
liked your discussion of how the article stacked
up in terms of credibility. You have a direct style
and it fit with this analysis. Good examples and
formal/academic tone.
Yami, please follow directions — in this case, post
two documents. There is actually a reason for
this! ?
o 525 to 700 words for the analysis
•
The paper links theory to relevant examples and uses
the vocabulary of the theory correctly.
Organization & Tone (20%)
Points Earned: 20
•
The tone is appropriate.
Comments:
•
The introduction provides a sufficient background on
the topic and previews major points.
•
Paragraph transitions are present, logical, and
maintain the flow throughout the paper.
Tone is academic. You had enough information
to convey your thoughts, and the paper flows
well. Introduction and conclusion were present.
•
The conclusion is logical, flows from the body of the
paper, and reviews the major points.
Mechanics (20%)
•
Points Earned: 20
The paper—including tables, graphs, headings, title
page, and reference page— is consistent with APA
formatting guidelines and meets course-level
requirements.
•
Intellectual property is recognized with in-text citations
and a reference page.
•
Rules of spelling, grammar, usage, and punctuation
are followed.
•
Sentences are complete, clear, concise, and varied.
Comments:
Strong mechanics (thank you), nicely
documented with an APA reference. Well
structured sentences.
Total Points Earned: 100% Great Job!
Copyright © 2017 by University of Phoenix. All rights reserved.
1
Grading Guide for Research Article Analysis
COM/600 Version 3
Copyright © 2017 by University of Phoenix. All rights reserved.
2
Running head: METHODS FOR MODIFYING BEHAVIOUR IN CHILDREN
Methods for Modifying Behaviour in Children
Yamilette Albertson
COM/600
Mar 26, 2018
Judith Sugg
1
METHODS FOR MODIFYING BEHAVIOUR IN CHILDREN
2
Methods for Modifying Behaviour in Children
Introduction
Children are viewed as the future of every nation in every part of the world. The
future state of the planet depends on how children are brought-up. It is essential to make the
universe a better place and training kids on how to behave is paramount to achieve this
objective. Parents, teachers, and guardians have the duty of encouraging good behaviour in
children by teaching them the difference between right and wrong. Therefore, behaviour
modification in children is vital in replacing an unpleasant act of a child with the desired one.
When proper conduct is taught and reinforced to a child, it results in positive consequences
for the kid and to the society at large. For parents, teachers, and guardians to enhance good
behaviour resulting in favourable outcomes, various methods, and techniques of behaviour
modification are applied. These methods include positive reinforcement, negative
reinforcement, and punishment.
Methods for Modifying Behavior in Children
Positive Reinforcement
One of the techniques applicable for the modification of behaviour in children is the
positive reinforcement. The method involves the use of rewards and praise to promote
positive behaviour in children (Skinner, 2014). This technique is often applied to wellbehaved children and merely acts as a way of encouraging the continuity of the desirable
character traits. A guardian has to acknowledge and appreciate good behaviour in children to
help them maintain an excellent track record.
METHODS FOR MODIFYING BEHAVIOUR IN CHILDREN
3
Negative Reinforcement
The other tool used to modify behaviour in children is the negative reinforcement
technique. The method involves discouraging negative behaviour in children repeatedly with
the aim of instilling positive and ethical characteristics. This approach is meant to deter the
kids from doing undesirable practices and adapt to new, improved and acceptable behavioural
mannerisms (Hersen, Eisler & Miller, 2016). Negative reinforcement focuses on eliminating
the unpleasant and unwanted behaviour by consistently taking away privileges in case of
unacceptable character. Therefore, it aims at teaching the young ones that bad practices lead
to negative consequences.
Punishment
The use of the punishment technique can modify undesirable behaviour in children.
The method involves the application of a penalty, and sometimes a sanction when a kid
engages in any form of wrongdoing. The method is only applicable if the unpleasant
behaviour has occurred. It is used as a counter-measure and not a preventive approach to
reinforce good behaviour in children. Punishment may take two forms, which can either be
positive or negative. For instance, positive punishment is allowing the child to suffer the
adverse effects associated with negative behaviour (Sundel, & Sundel, 2017). Conversely,
negative punishment permits the guardian to take away something from the child when they
behave unacceptably. The act may include denying pleasantries to the kid as a means of
reducing the chances of the child repeating the undesirable behaviour. However, corporal
punishment is not considered a method of modifying behaviour in children.
METHODS FOR MODIFYING BEHAVIOUR IN CHILDREN
4
How are these Methods Used?
Positive Reinforcement
Parents, teachers, and guardians have a hard time knowing the best way to implement
the various methods of behaviour modification. There are specific ways that adults can use
the above methods. For example, a guardian can praise or reward a child for positive
behaviour. When a kid takes up responsibilities without being forced or having to be
reminded, the guardian ought to recognize the child’s effort and encourage the young one to
engage in the desired behaviour continuously. For instance, the guardian can buy the kid a
present, give them a pat on the back or even say sweet and encouraging words to make the
young one feel appreciated thus compelling them to do better. A parent can support their
child to be better in music classes by attending the kid’s performances willingly or purchasing
a musical instrument of their child’s choice. Additionally, the parent can take their children
on tour to the kids’ desired destinations as a reward for good behaviour. Furthermore, they
can praise them for their excellent work and feel proud of them, which encourage good
behaviour.
Negative Reinforcement
Guardians have a responsibility of instilling pleasant behaviour to their kids. A parent
should not reward their children when they go wrong; to discourage negative mannerisms.
Kids should learn that negative behaviour results in negative consequences. When a guardian
yells or shouts at a child for the wrong behaviour, they apply negative reinforcement (Maag,
2016). Additionally, when a guardian consistently reminds their kids to ti …
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