Health Psychology easy review for exam

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Name_____________
Date______________
Health Psychology
Spring Term 2018Multiple Choice
Please circle the best answer for each question
Worth 2pt each- total 100 pts
You will need to look up some of the material and answers using outside academic support-not all answers
will be in the textbook or in the short answer tests.
1.Which of the following best defines health psychology?
a.using psychological theories and principles to tackle problems in the areas of mental b.health, education,
product design, ergonomics, and law
c.understanding the psychological influences on how people stay healthy, why they become ill, and how
they respond when they get ill
d.applying the principles of biology in order to study the anatomy of a human being
diagnosing, preventing, and treating a disease without including the option of surgery
2. A health psychologist who designs a media campaign to get people to improve their diets focuses on
a.health promotion and maintenance.
b.prevention and treatment of illness.
c.the etiology and correlates of health, illness, and dysfunction.
d.the health care system and the formulation of health policy.
3.A health psychologist who is interested in the behavioral and social factors that contribute to disease
focuses on
a.health promotion and maintenance.
b.the prevention and treatment of illness.
c.the etiology and correlates of health, illness, and dysfunction.
d.the health care system and the formulation of health policy.
4. _____ refers to the origins or causes of illness.
a.Etiology
b.Epidemiology
c.Oncology
d.Pathology
5. According to the humoral theory of illness, disease occurs when
a.God punishes one for wrongdoing.
b.evil spirits enter a body.
c.bodily fluids are imbalanced.
d.there is a cellular disorder.
6.Sigmund Freud described _____ as a specific unconscious conflict that produces physical disturbances
and symbolizes repressed psychological conflicts.
a.etiology
b.conversion hysteria
c.chronic illness
d.epidemiology
7. The belief that profiles of disorders are caused by emotional conflicts is propagated by the:
a.theory of biophysics.
b.field of psychosomatic medicine.
c.biomedical model.
d.tools of neuroscience.
8. Which of the following is emphasized by the biopsychosocial model?
a.Psychological conflict is sufficient to produce certain disorders.
b.Certain biological disorders can be related on a consistent basis to specific personality types.
c.Certain disorders are best treated medically; however, other disorders are best treated using
psychotherapy.
d.Health is achieved by being attentive to biological, psychological, and social needs.
9. Acute disorders are
a.short-term illnesses that are usually amenable to cure.
b.typically co-managed by the patient and the practitioner.
c.the major causes of death and illness in the United States.
d.slowly developing diseases with which people live for many years
10.Which of the following statements is true about chronic illnesses?
a.They are rapidly developing diseases.
b.They are diseases in which social factors are implicated as causes.
c.They rarely affect relationships with a partner.
d.They are curable.
11. Which of the following statements, if true, will support the argument that health care delivery has a
substantial social and psychological impact on people?
a.Few people in the United States have direct contact with the health care system as a recipient of services.
b.Health psychologists know what makes people satisfied or dissatisfied with their health care.
c.Health psychology rejects the notion that people’s risky health behaviors can be d.modified before they
become ill.
d.Health psychology mainly emphasizes cure rather than prevention to reduce the dollars devoted to the
management of illness.
12. The _____ nervous system helps to restore the body to a normal state after an emergency has passed.
a.central
b.sympathetic
c.parasympathetic
d.somatic
13. The _____ lobe contains the cortical areas, which are responsible for auditory and olfactory (smell)
impulses.
a.temporal
b.occipital
c.parietal
d.frontal
14. Epinephrine and norepinephrine are together termed as
a.acids.
b.catecholamines.
c.platelets.
d.enzymes.
15. _____ is a chronic, nonprogressive disorder of the nervous system that is marked by the lack of muscle
control.
a.Epilepsy
b.Parkinson’s disease
c.Multiple sclerosis
d.Cerebral palsy
16. Patients with _____ have progressive degeneration of the basal ganglia, a group of nuclei in the brain
that control smooth motor coordination.
a.dementia
b.Huntington’s disease
c.Parkinson’s disease
d.polio
17. Which of the following is commonly known as the disease of lifestyle?
a.dementia
b.Type II diabetes
c.Type I diabetes
d.polio
18. Which of the following statements best defines health promotion?
a.a philosophy that good health is a personal and collective achievement
b.the practice of preventing a disease rather than curing it
c.the performance of a health behavior automatically without awareness
d.a social activity designed to enhance and maximize awareness
19.A(n) _____ may initially develop because it is reinforced by a positive outcome, but it eventually
becomes independent of the reinforcement process.
a.intervention
b.appeal
c.precontemplation
d.health habit
20. A health habit is a health behavior that
a.is only performed under the supervision of health specialists.
b.is especially important for at-risk individuals to adopt.
c.is not always beneficial to an individual’s metabolism and immune system.
d.is often performed automatically, without awareness.
21. In any kind of intervention, the _____ is the best predictor of success.
a.physician
b.spouse
c.patient
d.family
22. An excessive accumulation of fat in the body is known as
a.obesity.
b.bulimia.
c.anorexia.
d.diabetes.
23.Fat should ideally constitute about _____ percent of body tissue in women.
a.30–35
b.6–13
c.15–19
d.20–27
24. _____ is an especially potent risk factor for cardiovascular diseases.
a.Abdominally localized fat
b.Localized fat in the hips
c.Fat in the thighs
d.Fat in the buttocks
25. _____ is a method of enhancing the efficiency of food use and lowering the metabolic rate of the body
through successive cycles of dieting and weight gain.
a.Yo-yo dieting
b.Nutrition cycling
c.Paleolithic dieting
d.Controlled bingeing
26.Women in which of the following age groups are most likely to practice behaviors related to eating
disorders?
a.45–54 years of age
b.35–44 years of age
c.25–34 years of age
d.15–24 years of age
27_____ is a condition that arises from an individual’s obsessive dieting and exercising in the pursuit of a
body weight well below optimum level.
a.Anorexia nervosa
b.Bulimia
c.Muscle dysmorphia
d.Ischemia
28 Monica is obsessed with developing a figure like the idealized women’s bodies she sees in advertising,
magazines, and other media. As a result, she eats very little. She wants to reduce her body weight to a level
well below the ideal weight of a woman of her age, height, and body proportions. Monica’s behavior is
characteristic of
a.obsessive–compulsive disorder.
b.binge eating.
c.anorexia nervosa.
d.muscle dysmorphia.
29. John was a chain smoker for ten years. He quit recently, and he has constantly fought against the urge
to smoke again. This urge is especially strong when he is around other smokers. John’s recurring urge to
smoke is an example of
a.bulimia.
b.tolerance.
c.craving.
d.anorexia.
30. The first phase of treatment programs for hard-core alcoholics is
a.self-monitoring.
b.relapse prevention.
c.detoxification.
d.rehabilitation.
31. Alcoholics Anonymous was one of the earliest _____ for people suffering from alcohol-related health
problems.
a.out-groups
b.self-help groups
c.for-profit organizations
d.government-funded organizations
32. When an organism perceives a threat, the fight-or-flight response is due to
a.the constriction of the pulmonary arteries in the heart.
b.the arousal of the parasympathetic nervous system.
c.the arousal of the sympathetic nervous system and the endocrine system.
d.excessive blood supply in the brain and the heart through blood vessels.
34. Which of the following statements is true according to Hans Selye’s general adaptation syndrome?
a.An organism requires an external stimulus to mobilize itself when it confronts a stressor.
b.Prolonged exposure to stress causes rejuvenation of an organism.
c.An organism has different physiological patterns of reactions with respect to a stressor.
d.The response to a threat is nonspecific with respect to a stressor.
35. Animals with high levels of _____ are calmer and more relaxed, which may contribute to their social
and nurturing behavior.
a.lactose
b.testosterone
c.pepsin
d.oxytocin
36. Which of the following is an important aspect of coping?
a.suppression of emotional reactions to stress
b.complete avoidance of stressful events
c.tolerance of harmful environmental conditions
d.voluntary actions taken to confront stressful events
37. Positive emotional states are known to reduce levels of _____, which is a stress indicator.
a.serotonin
b.cortisol
c.dopamine
d.oxytocin
38. Which of the following is true of people with high self-esteem?
a.They are more likely to be providers of social support than receivers of it.
b.They are likely to contract psychological disorders.
c.They are likely to require major medical intervention for congenital diseases.
d.They are likely to risk their health through smoking or excessive drinking.
39._____ is a psychological resource that not only allows individuals to confront and cope with stressors
but also helps them bounce back from bad experiences and adapt flexibly to the changing demands of
stressful situations.
a.Extraversion
b.Mindfulness
c.Resilience
d.Conscientiousness
40. _____ are convinced that normal bodily symptoms are indicators of illness.
a.Lay practitioners
b.Medical students
c.Hypochondriacs
d.Neurotics
41. People with negative expectations or pessimistic outlooks are likely to
a.report more symptoms and perceive themselves as vulnerable to future illness.
b.be superstitious and rely on supernatural treatments for their symptoms or illness.
c.ignore symptoms until they become debilitating.
d.report fewer illness-related memories and fewer symptoms.
42. _____ is believed to be caused by multiple factors, including health habits, and is long in duration,
often with severe consequences.
a.Terminal illness
b.Acute illness
c.Chronic illness
d.Cyclic illness
43. Which of the following is the most common reason for euthanasia?
a.anxiety in a hospital setting
b.substantial cost of treatment
c.inadequate relief from pain
d.prospect of surgery
44. Identify a true statement about pain.
a.The degree to which pain is felt and how incapacitating it is largely depends on how it is interpreted.
b.Men typically show a greater sensitivity to pain compared to women.
c.Cultural differences have no influence over the interpretation of pain.
d.Unlike acute pain, chronic pain is usually short in duration and decreases with treatment and the passage
of time.
45. Which of the following is a barrier to the treatment of pain?
a.development of pain questionnaires to assess pain
b.identical psychological profiles for both acute and chronic pain
c.difficulty faced by patients in objectively describing pain
d.personality traits that predispose a person to experience nonexistent pain
46. Which of the following statements is true about chronic pain?
a.Behaviors that arise from chronic pain cannot be measured.
b.Patients with chronic pain disorders show significant loss of gray matter in certain regions of the brain.
c.Unlike acute pain, chronic pain usually decreases with treatment and the passage of time.
d.Most pain control techniques work well to control chronic pain but are less successful with acute pain.
47. Which of the following is a chronic health disorder?
a.cold
b.influenza A
c.teething
d.arthritis
48. Immediately after a chronic health disorder is diagnosed, a patient can be in a state of crisis marked by
physical, social, and psychological disequilibrium. If the patient’s usual coping efforts fail to resolve these
problems, the result can be
a.an improvement in health.
b.a decreasingly negative attitude.
c.an exaggeration of symptoms and their meaning.
d.a systematic effort to cope.
49. Depression exacerbates the course of several chronic disorders, most notably
a.coronary heart disease.
b.Type II diabetes.
c.asthma.
d.hypertension.
50. In the first year of life, the main causes of death are
a.acute illness and sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS).
b.sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and congenital abnormalities.
c.accidents and congenital abnormalities.
d.cancer, especially leukemia, and sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS).
51_____ is a form of cancer that strikes the bone marrow, producing an excessive number of white blood
cells and leading to severe anemia and other complications.
a.Leukemia
b.Adenocarcinoma
c.Angiosarcoma
d.Melanoma
52. Which of the following is a risk factor for coronary heart disease?
a.abnormal weight loss
b.low serum cholesterol
c.curvature of the spine
d.diabetes
53.According to the research by Gallacher et al., (1999) and Boyle et al., (2004), which of the following
emotions increases the risk of heart disease, predicts poor likelihood of survival, and acts as a potential
trigger for heart attacks.
a.fear
b.anger
c.frustration
d.jealousy
54. _____ is likely to mute the adverse effects of stress on the immune system.
a.Relaxation training
b.Pessimism
c.Repressing one’s thoughts about stressful events
d.Regarding stressors as uncontrollable
55. In general, the health for most Americans have _____ in recent years.
a.improved
b.remained unchanged
c.become more variable
d.worsened
56. Which of the following is a health trend in the United States?
a.The percentage of smokers in the United States has increased from 19.3 percent in 2000 to 23.2 percent in
2010.
b.Most number of Americans died in traffic fatalities in 2011 than in any other year.
c.Life expectancy in the United States reached an all-time high of 78.5 years in 2009.
d.The overall percentage of adults with high cholesterol rose from 13.6 in 2008 to 14.6 in 2010.
57._____ has brought insurance coverage to many of the previously uninsured in the United States.
a.State Children’s Health Insurance Program (SCHIP)
b.The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA)
c.Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act(HIPAA)
d.Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act(COBRA)
58.Name something that you learned from presenting and listening to the final projects,
59.Name something that you learned from reading the textbook and from your short answer tests
60.Name a topic/discussion that you enjoyed learning and exploring about this term, any changes or
additional topics you would of liked to see.

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