Just proofreading and the addition of the Professor sugested changes that he wrote on the margins in blue

Milestones 1 and 2 should be transitioned together and should be with the corrections sugested by the Professor on the margin blue comments on both milestones docs. The work is already done it’s just to transitioned and put all together and to add the Professor sugestions. I loose total 25 points in both milestones but I can recuperate using the Professor suggestions. I appreciate all of your fantastic help.Thank you
wanda_feedback_eco_605_environmental_milestone_1.doc.docx

feedback_eco_605_environmental_milestone_1.docx

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1
Wanda Martínez
ECO 605
Prof.Dr.Yoo
ECO 605: Milestone One
Problem: Dispose of fry oil in every single Home or Business: A method of converting that oil
into an energy resource.
Identification of the issue and its impact on the environment: The disposal of used frying oil
is probably one of the biggest issues faced in the urban waste management system, since many
decades and when we can see the economic development with the introduction of more and
different kind of restaurants on the neighborhoods In this regard, the release of frying oil through
the pipes cause multiple problems, as the fatty acids contained in the oil react with calcium from
the sewers to form insoluble solid grease fatbergs (Welsh, 2014). While this situation is generally
a problem, it becomes critical when the level of the sewer rises, as the fat blobs glob onto the
sewer’s ceiling creating stalactite-type structures known as fatbergs (Welsh, 2014). The reaction
product between the fat’s fatty acids and the calcium contained in the sewer line originated from
the biological degradation of, e.g., bones, results in the formation of soap, even while it isn’t
really an attractive soap as the ones we’re used to say all days in our bathrooms. The formed
fatbergs may be immense. For example, the one shown in the figure represents a 17-ton fatberg
found on one of the London’s sewer systems:
2
Figure 1. 17-ton fatberg found in London’s sewage pipes. Retrieved from Voorhess (2013)
The main impact of fatbergs consists on their ability to clog the sewer line and to cause
disgusting and dangerous backups, in which the content of the sewer line goes back to people’s
houses. In this regard, even while an individual may request a drain cleaner to clear out the pipes
in his home, the fat deposits while doing this will simply move further down the sewer line.
Experts like Thames Water claim that it may take weeks to break fatbergs apart once they’ve
formed in the city’s sewer lines (Hailwood, 2013).
Fatbergs are more commonly found in areas with either a higher number of restaurants or
an old or large apartment building should also be careful, as more grease gets into the sewer lines
at these locations. Furthermore, fatbergs may be extremely difficult to locate on a routinely
inspection of the sewer line, and normally get only discovered when locals complain about being
unable to flush their toilets any longer. At this point, though, the problem is already significant,
as the fat may spurt out of manholes (Hailwood, 2013).
Affected groups: Even while the general population is at risk, the households and most
especially people living in buildings are the most affected by fatbergs. In this regard, the fatberg,
if it grows big enough, may clog the sewage line, which would have a profound impact as, like
the locals claimed when the 17-ton fatberg was discovered “We can’t flush our toilets”
Affected resources: The key resources affected by the fatberg issue are the drinkable water and
water for household’s uses. In this regard, fatbergs have a profound impact on the city sewage
management system, as they may clog the sewage lines and stop them from working properly.
Allocation of the affected resources: The primary resource is water, and that should be
distributed through the pipes. The allotment is consistent over time in this situation. The
3
distribution is appropriate. The water resource is allocated in general sense because everybody
has access if they pay this service.
Use of Goods and Services. Impacted group: Could affect a combination of public and private
services.
Management of the affected goods and services: The management of the goods on this
analysis is the water service that should be coming from the water pipes. I consider these a public
service, the control of techniques for this issue is a very delicate one, and we have to analyze
many other aspects to manage this challenge. Because this is a public service, the techniques
used to address this challenge should be different.
Use of incentives: Yes, we can use an incentive to persuade the water customers to try to use the
best methods to avoid the water pollution by the disposal of fry oil. This incentive could affect
their behavior to make sure that the households could use the best practices of the destruction of
this oil.
Ability to provide incentives for the use of public goods and services compared to
individual products and services: Because this is a public service, the government should
consider the possibility to offer incentives to the households. The authority to give or provide
incentives is the local government or the cities
References:
Hailwood, G. (2013). Gordon Hailwood (Ft. Thames Water) – Statement on “Fatberg” in London
Sewer. Retrieved March 01, 2018, from https://genius.com/Gordon-hailwood-statementon-fatberg-in-london-sewer-annotated
4
Voorhess, J. (2013, August 6). A Nearly 17-Ton Blob of Fat Was Found in a British Sewer.
Retrieved March 1, 2018, from http://www.slate.com/news-and-politics/2018/02/diannefeinsteins-rough-weekend-wasnt-quite-as-bad-as-it-looked.html
Welsh, J. (2014, August 29). Here’s The Terrible Thing That Happens When You Pour Grease
down the Drain. Retrieved March 01, 2018, from http://www.businessinsider.com/whycant-you-pour-grease-down-the-drain-2014-8
1
Wanda Martínez
ECO 605
Prof.Dr.Yoo
ECO 605: Milestone One
Problem: Dispose of fry oil in every single Home or Business: A method of converting that oil
into an energy resource.
Identification of the issue and its impact on the environment: The disposal of used frying oil
is probably one of the biggest issues faced in the urban waste management system, since many
decades and when we can see the economic development with the introduction of more and
different kind of restaurants on the neighborhoods In this regard, the release of frying oil through
the pipes cause multiple problems, as the fatty acids contained in the oil react with calcium from
the sewers to form insoluble solid grease fatbergs (Welsh, 2014). While this situation is generally
a problem, it becomes critical when the level of the sewer rises, as the fat blobs glob onto the
sewer’s ceiling creating stalactite-type structures known as fatbergs (Welsh, 2014). The reaction
product between the fat’s fatty acids and the calcium contained in the sewer line originated from
the biological degradation of, e.g., bones, results in the formation of soap, even while it isn’t
really an attractive soap as the ones we’re used to say all days in our bathrooms. The formed
fatbergs may be immense. For example, the one shown in the figure represents a 17-ton fatberg
found on one of the London’s sewer systems:
2
Figure 1. 17-ton fatberg found in London’s sewage pipes. Retrieved from Voorhess (2013)
The main impact of fatbergs consists on their ability to clog the sewer line and to cause
disgusting and dangerous backups, in which the content of the sewer line goes back to people’s
houses. In this regard, even while an individual may request a drain cleaner to clear out the pipes
in his home, the fat deposits while doing this will simply move further down the sewer line.
Experts like Thames Water claim that it may take weeks to break fatbergs apart once they’ve
formed in the city’s sewer lines (Hailwood, 2013).
Fatbergs are more commonly found in areas with either a higher number of restaurants or
an old or large apartment building should also be careful, as more grease gets into the sewer lines
at these locations. Furthermore, fatbergs may be extremely difficult to locate on a routinely
inspection of the sewer line, and normally get only discovered when locals complain about being
unable to flush their toilets any longer. At this point, though, the problem is already significant,
as the fat may spurt out of manholes (Hailwood, 2013).
Affected groups: Even while the general population is at risk, the households and most
especially people living in buildings are the most affected by fatbergs. In this regard, the fatberg,
if it grows big enough, may clog the sewage line, which would have a profound impact as, like
the locals claimed when the 17-ton fatberg was discovered “We can’t flush our toilets”
Affected resources: The key resources affected by the fatberg issue are the drinkable water and
water for household’s uses. In this regard, fatbergs have a profound impact on the city sewage
management system, as they may clog the sewage lines and stop them from working properly.
Allocation of the affected resources: The primary resource is water, and that should be
distributed through the pipes. The allotment is consistent over time in this situation. The
3
distribution is appropriate. The water resource is allocated in general sense because everybody
has access if they pay this service.
Use of Goods and Services. Impacted group: Could affect a combination of public and private
services.
Management of the affected goods and services: The management of the goods on this
analysis is the water service that should be coming from the water pipes. I consider these a public
service, the control of techniques for this issue is a very delicate one, and we have to analyze
many other aspects to manage this challenge. Because this is a public service, the techniques
used to address this challenge should be different.
Use of incentives: Yes, we can use an incentive to persuade the water customers to try to use the
best methods to avoid the water pollution by the disposal of fry oil. This incentive could affect
their behavior to make sure that the households could use the best practices of the destruction of
this oil.
Ability to provide incentives for the use of public goods and services compared to
individual products and services: Because this is a public service, the government should
consider the possibility to offer incentives to the households. The authority to give or provide
incentives is the local government or the cities
References:
Hailwood, G. (2013). Gordon Hailwood (Ft. Thames Water) – Statement on “Fatberg” in London
Sewer. Retrieved March 01, 2018, from https://genius.com/Gordon-hailwood-statementon-fatberg-in-london-sewer-annotated
4
Voorhess, J. (2013, August 6). A Nearly 17-Ton Blob of Fat Was Found in a British Sewer.
Retrieved March 1, 2018, from http://www.slate.com/news-and-politics/2018/02/diannefeinsteins-rough-weekend-wasnt-quite-as-bad-as-it-looked.html
Welsh, J. (2014, August 29). Here’s The Terrible Thing That Happens When You Pour Grease
down the Drain. Retrieved March 01, 2018, from http://www.businessinsider.com/whycant-you-pour-grease-down-the-drain-2014-8
1
Fatbergs environmental issue
Wanda Martinez
SNHU
03/25/2018
FATBERGS ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUE
2
Fatbergs environmental issue
Sustainability
Fatbergs has been an environmental issue. Fatbergs are substantial solid masses of
grease, oil, wet wipes as well as other hygiene products, which congeal together towards causing
significant blockages causing havoc on the sewers systems across the world. Fatbergs form when
individuals flush things such as wipes and sanitary products down the toilet, or pour oil or fat
down their kitchen sink. Fatbergs is a renewable resource in making of biodegradable fuel
powering an engine rather than causing problems of sewer flooding (Loftus & March 2016). In
this case, fatbergs as renewable energy will facilities have a modest effect on the surrounding
environment. The releases of unwanted substances commonly related to other forms of
generation can be reduced meaningfully by deploying renewables. In this case, fatberg is
naturally replenishable as well as non-depletable. Fatberg can be used over and over again, hence
capable of regeneration.
Clean advances can likewise create critical economic benefits. Having a clean
environmental profile upgrades the engaging quality of inexhaustible ventures according to
financial specialists, mainly the multilateral improvement offices, a considerable lot of whom
work under rules that require the advancement of non-polluting developments. The significance
of handling fatbergs has developed in importance with the thought that they could be a source of
fuel. Under such plans, fatbergs would be uncovered from underneath sewers and transferred to a
master plant, where they would be handled and changed into bio-diesel (Lee et al., 2017).
Such an approach has multiple benefits. On the first hand, the utilization of fatbergs as a
renewable resource for the manufacturing of biodiesel presents the advantage of removing them
from wastewater sewers preventing the clotting of such conduits and the associated discomfort.
FATBERGS ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUE
3
On the other hand, fatbergs provide a relatively clean source of energy, significantly more
sanitary than other alternatives. As a result, the pollution originated from the preparation of biodiesel from fatbergs would be much lower than for alternative resources. Taking this into
account, and considering the substantially decreased costs resulting from both dealing with the
environmental pollution and the need to resolve a clot in the sewer lines, the proposed
application of fatbergs represents a financially sustainable approach, where the obtained benefits
would outperform any existing cost. From this point of view, decision-makers can implement
environmental strategies that expand the net benefits of such decisions to society, hence
expanding social welfare.
Economic Valuation Methods
Tackling the Fatberg environmental issue at source requires a program of training in what
can and cannot be put in the wastewater system. For the present, be that as it may, the emphasis
is on how best to evacuate fatbergs and reestablish full stream and effectiveness to sewer
systems. Effective pump innovation ready to deal with the immense range of solids found inside
fatbergs is essential to these efforts.
Strategies are now being set up keeping in mind the end goal towards preventing sewer
fatbergs both on the state and at the local level. Water industry strategies tend to concentrate
around expelling sewer blockages and lessening the fats, oils as well as greases that enter sewers
from commercial sources. However, approximately 75% of the oils, fats, and greases in sewers
originate from domestic sources, making household disposal the main priority for change
(Srivastava et al., 2016). Moreover, awareness campaigns directed at the general population as of
now focus on what individuals put down the kitchen sink. In this regard, current guidance is that
cooking oils, fats, and greases ought to dispose of through solid waste recycling rather than down
FATBERGS ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUE
4
the drain. It is therefore of utmost importance that the wastewater companies conduct different
campaigns in the city-oriented at increasing the awareness about how to optimally dispose of
these products.
Consumptive value is the primary use of the sort of valuation strategy for fatbergs.
Environmental resource economists have created procedures to assess the benefits of
environmental protection products. Ecological valuation methods can give significant evidence
to support habitat conservation strategies by evaluating the economic value related to the
biological resources protection. Additional methods can be used to study the impacts of this
situation. The environmental resource valuation pioneers depend on the law of demand as an
approach to gauge the market values for ecological amenities (Srivastava et al., 2016). While the
same is genuine today, the level of complexity in the estimation of these qualities has expanded
impressively.
FATBERGS ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUE
5
Work cited
Lee, J., Jung, J. M., Park, C., Jeon, B. H., Wang, C. H., Lee, S. R., & Kwon, E. E. (2017). Rapid
conversion of fat, oil, and grease (FOG) into biodiesel without pre-treatment of FOG.
Journal of Cleaner Production, 168, 1211-1216.
Loftus, A., & March, H. (2016). Financializing desalination: Rethinking the returns of big
infrastructure. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 40(1), 46-61.
Srivastava, S., Mercer, S., Trois, C., & Buckley, C. A. (2016, August). Comparison of the scum
with traditional biomass fuels: A source of renewable energy. In Industrial and
Commercial Use of Energy (ICUE), 2016 International Conference on the (pp. 318-323).
IEEE.

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