research paper

topic: Student HousingThere are two docx shows the question how we worked on this topic(Just as a reference for the topic, but the article must be independent), and I will also posed the instruction and class lecture.


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Research writing
March 18, 2018
Introductory Paragraph – You must introduce your
topic and present your thesis.
Ê Opening Sentence
Ê Grab the reader’s attention
Ê Subsequent Sentences
Ê Describe the parameters
Ê Thesis Statement
Ê In one or two sentences clearly state your position and brie?y
outline your supporting arguments/claims.
Structure cont.
First Supporting Argument (not limited to one
Ê Topic Sentence
Ê Proof/Evidence
Ê Analysis
Ê Conclusion
Structure cont.
Concluding Paragraph
Ê First Sentence
Ê Restate your thesis (the answer to the question – use di?erent
Ê Subsequent Sentences
Ê Clearly summarize your arguments in support of the thesis.
Remember, it is your last chance to convince the reader you
have proven your thesis!
Incorporating sources
Ê QUOTATIONS: Reproducing a passage word for word
Ê PARAPHRASE: Using your own words to recap most of what
an author said in a particular passage.
Ê SUMMARY: Brie?y highlight main ideas or purpose of
original passage.
Using quotes
QUOTES: What NOT to do…
Quote too little and distort author’s original intent.
Ê Quote too much either because you aren’t con?dent in your own opinion or you
don’t really understand the original quote.
Ê Guess at the exact wording without double checking the source.
Ê Use a quote just to prove you read the passage.
Refuse to remove a quote if it no longer ?ts after revision.
Ê Assume that quotes speak for themselves and your reason for including it is
obvious to your readers.
Ê Use quote without properly attributing the author of the quote in the body of
the text
Don’t be guilty of “hit and run” quoting
Bad example
Susan Bordo writes about women and dieting. “Fiji is just one
example. Until television was introduced in 1995, the islands had
no reported cases of eating disorders. In 1998, three years after
programs from the United States and Britain began
broadcasting there, 62 percent of the girls surveyed reported
dieting.” I think Bordo is right. Another point Bordo makes is
A quotation sandwich
Ê Start by explaining who
wrote/spoke the words and
in what context.
Ê Follow with an explanation
of what the quote means,
why its important, how
you’ve interpreted it, and
how it relates to your text
Good example
The feminist philosopher Sudan Bordo deplores Western media’s
obsession with female thinness and dieting. Her basic complaint is that
increasing numbers of women across the globe are being led to see
themselves as fat and in need of a diet. Citing the islands of Fiji as a
case in point, Bordo notes that “until television was introduced in 1995,
the islands had no reported cases of eating disorders. In 1998, three
years after programs from the United States and Britain began
broadcasting there, 62 percent of the girls surveyed reported
dieting” (149-50). Bordo’s point is that the Western cult of dieting is
spreading even to remote places across the globe. Ultimately, Bordo
complains, the culture of dieting will ?nd you, regardless of where you
live. Bordo’s observations ring true to me because, now that I think
about it, many women I know, regardless of where they are from,
worry about their weight…
Quotes cont.
Introducing Quotations
Explaining Quotations
X states, “____.”
Basically, X is warning ______.
As the prominent philosopher X
puts it, “____.”
In other words, X believes_____.
In making this comment, X urges
us to _____.
According to X, “____.”
X himself writes, “____.”
In her book, ____, X maintains that
X is corroborating the age old
adage that _____.
X’s point is that _____.
The essence of X’s argument is that
Writing in the journal, _____, X
complains that “_____.”
In X’s view, “_____.”
X agrees/disagrees when she
writes, “_____.”
X complicates matters further
when she writes, “____.”
Ê Paraphrasing Putting someone else’s ideas into your own
words – you want to capture most of the ideas in a passage
without simply quoting them
Ê Look up their words so you know what they mean and can
choose di?erent ones
Ê If the sequence of ideas is the same in both the original and your
paraphrase, you have likely plagiarized
Ê Always, always cite the source
Ê “Students frequently overuse direct quotation in taking
notes, and as a result they overuse quotations in the ?nal
[research] paper. Probably only about 10% of your ?nal
manuscript should appear as directly quoted matter.
Therefore, you should strive to limit the amount of exact
transcribing of source materials while taking notes.” Lester,
James D. Writing Research Papers. 2nd ed. (1976): 46-47.
Ê In research papers students often quote excessively, failing to
keep quoted material down to a desirable level. Since the
problem usually originates during note taking, it is essential
to minimize the material recorded verbatim (Lester 46-47).
Ê “A key factor in explaining the sad state of American
education can be found in overbureaucratization, which is
seen in the compulsion to consolidate our public schools into
massive factories and to increase to mammoth size our
universities even in underpopulated states. The problem with
bureaucracies is that they have to work hard and long to keep
from substituting self-serving survival and growth for their
original primary objective. Few succeed. Bureaucracies have
no soul, no memory, and no conscience. If there is a single
stumbling block on the road to the future, it is the
bureaucracy as we know it.” Edward T. Hall, Beyond Culture,
Anchor Publishing, 1977, p. 219
DUE APRIL 9th @ 11:59 PM
Write a 6 – 8 pg. research paper (not including title page and reference list).
Double-spaced, 12pt font. Other formatting aspects of both the paper and citations should follow MLA
(or Chicago) guidelines.
You must include at least one draft plus a significantly revised final copy.
You must include a feedback form from 2 different people on a draft. This can be from a peer or the
Pearson writing coach
Your topic may either be the topic you developed last semester, or a topic approved by Professor
You must include a clear thesis statement.
You must have a literature review type section.
You must include a minimum of 5 sources – at least 3 of these must be academic (e.g. peer-reviewed
journals) OR as many sources as is needed to adequately answer your question or make your point –
whichever of these numbers is greater. This means that if you can address your topic in 5 sources,
great – if only using 5 sources leaves you with a gap in your argument, you must use more; if you use
sources that aren’t relevant or reliable, they may not count towards your 5.
You must answer the following reflection questions and submit as a separate document along with
your paper.
o How did you feel about the feedback you received? Were there specific concerns you had with
your draft that you hoped your reviewer would give you feedback on? Did they?
o How did you use that feedback to make your paper better? (be specific)
o How has your perspective on feedback and revision changed over the course of the semester?
Research Paper (25)
The bullet-point descriptions within each category are not exhaustive but meant to give a sense what we are looking for.
Followed Instructions
Did they follow instructions? (proper format)
Did they include all required components (draft, feedback x 2, reflection)
Thesis/Question Development
The chosen question/focus is not too broad or too narrow given the length of 4
this assignment (following principles we discussed last semester about scope).
The author addresses the question of ‘so what’ (taught last semester). There is
a reason this research is important to do and write about and that is
communicated. This is not “data as goal”.
There is a clear and effective thesis statement.
The paper follows the structure indicated in the thesis and that structure is a
logical way of presenting this particular information.
Integration of Ideas/Evidence
There is a literature review near the beginning, which establishes the scholarly 7
context for the rest of the paper.
The author has properly chosen when to summarize, quote or paraphrase.
Paraphrases are done well without plagiarism and quotations are effectively
The author has chosen appropriate evidence to support their conclusions. The
logic of how this evidence is presented makes sense.
The author has acknowledged concerns and objections and has done so
Use and Documentation of Sources
The author used an adequate number of appropriate sources (at least 5).
At least 3 of their sources were academic.
The author clearly considered the relevance and reliability of their sources and
chose well given their current skill level and the length of this paper (this is
where you can give marks if they needed a primary source and used one).
The author properly documented sources throughout the paper (either in-text
or via footnotes).
The author included a properly formatted references list.
Revision and Reflection
Did the author’s answers to the reflection questions show that they had
thoughtfully considered the feedback they received?
Did the author’s answers to the reflection questions and the actual changes they
made show that they have come to appreciate the value of feedback and the need
for more than surface level revisions?
Did the author show they paid attention to what was taught in the sentence,
paragraphs, and style workshops (this can be individualized for each instructor)?
(create your own
5 points worth of
related rubric

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