Directions: Choose one topic below. This research paper is to be a minimum of 1500 words and must be in MLA format. In addition, also view the Research Paper Guidelines and refer to the syllabus for detailed instructions about Research Paper 2. 1. Trace the development of the theology of Christ through the ancient ecumenical councils and reflect on how they developed the Churchs understanding of Jesus beyond the New Testament. 2. Examine the relationship between incarnation and atonement, focusing especially on Anselms idea of satisfaction. 3.How is a sacrament both a sign and a symbol? Use one sacrament to illustrate4. How does Catholic theology understand the sacraments as means of grace?5. What is the conscience? How does natural law work to inform our conscience? I have attached the research paper guidelines and the research paper check list thank you. Please let me know if you have any questions.
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Research Paper Guidelines
When preparing and writing the research papers, students must be attentive to the following basic
requirements. It is imperative that students read and follow these guidelines to ensure a good grade.
1) A research paper involves both the gathering of information and developing a students own
interpretation of that information. The student must stay focused on his or her chosen topic and
rely upon his or her sources for information about that topic. While a students own opinions about
a topic are an important part of any research process, the student must be able to support his or
her conclusions by direct reference to sources.
2) The writing must be clear and logical and as free of spelling and grammatical errors as possible.
A student should never submit a paper without rereading and proofing it. It may even be
necessary to get someone to assist in this process by having him or her read the paper and
check for these mistakes. The student should not fail to run spell-check on his or her writing.
Please remember that easily correctable spelling and grammatical mistakes left uncorrected will
result in significant loss of points.
3) This paper requires MLA formatting that includes:
a. 12-point font
b. double-spaced sentences
c. title and personal identification
d. a separate works cited page properly formatted
e. specific bibliographical form for print and electronic sources in your works cited
f. a specific form for parenthetical (in-text) citations of the sources listed in your works cited
The student will be graded on how well his or her style conforms to the above basic requirements
4) The works cited must include no less than four sources. Those sources must be relevant to the
topic and meet minimum academic qualifications. The acceptable types of sources include the
a. class text
b. print or electronic book
c. electronic, peer-reviewed journal article
d. website with a .edu address
5) Certain sources do not qualify for works cited. You will be penalized if you use them. These are:
b. standard dictionary or encyclopedia (web or paper)
c. any website not .edu
The student should remember that any source listed in your works cited that does not meet the
above criteria will not count towards the minimum number of required sources.
6) For every source listed in the works cited, a student must have at least one corresponding
parenthetical (in-text) reference. This will demonstrate how a student has used the source.
The student should remember that any source not accompanied by at least one parenthetical
reference (and any parenthetical reference not associated with a source in your works cited) will
not count towards the minimum number of required sources.
While research is vital, so is the proper accounting for that research. All students must use MLA
guidelines for the papers. For a sample of a correctly formatted paper, please see the following:
? MLA Tutorial: http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/747/07/
? MLA Sample Paper: http://owl.english.purdue.edu/media/pdf/20090701095636_747.pdf
25% of the grade will be based on the proper formatting and citing. The paper can have great
content and still not be an A paper if it is not properly formatted and cited.
The following is the grading criteria rubric for the Research Paper:
Format includes the proper use of inline citations, paper formatting, and works
Students will receive 5 points for every acceptable resource.
? These are research papers, good sources are necessary.
Acceptable resources (Students must have all four to qualify for the full 20%.)
? One from the text (Mueller, Tkacik, or Vatican II text)
? Lumen Gentium
? Gadium et Spes
? Dignitatis Humanae
? Nostra Aetate
? Letter 28 St Leos Tome
? Another book, such as:
? Bible Dictionary or Encyclopedia (print or electronic)
If the book is online, it is a book, not a website.
? Standard print book
? .edu only (In Google, put the following after the search criteria:
? Non .edu website if it is reached from an .edu
Students will need to put a footnote in the paper to
show the original .edu site.
? Students must be careful to check the author to make sure it is
not another undergraduate student.
? The URL is required for this class. Students should be specific
and copy the full URL the way it appears on the page he or she
? Peer-reviewed article
? This is a journal found on EBSCO.
Instructions for EBSCO are under the Doc Sharing tab.
? This does not qualify as a website; it is a journal.
? Unacceptable resources
? Any Wiki, standard dictionaries, or encyclopedias
? Use only bible/theological dictionaries or encyclopedias
? Any non .edu site such as .org or .com
Grading of content is based on the way research is used in the paper.
The best option is to summarize and recap the research material. Students
must not use a lot of quotes.
If students do use quotes, they must make good use of them.
Word Count: 1500-2000
? Word count does not include the headings or works cited.
Notes for Sources:
Students can find peer-reviewed journal articles using EBSCO on the Cannon Library site. See
instructions for getting to EBSCO under Doc Sharing.
As students seek out additional resources via the Internet, a word of caution is in order. Many
Internet sites are not reliable sources of accurate information on our subject matter, regardless of
how they may be presented by their designers, and students need to exercise great caution and
prudence when selecting such resources. Students should contact the instructor if they have any
questions about such sources; it is always better to check with the instructor first than to have
One popular Internet site is, of course, Wikipedia; under no circumstances should this site be
used as a source for any activity or project in this class. Wikipedia is not a reliable source,
because there is no serious quality control exercised over the material presented on the site.
While it is encouraged to use as many resources as possible, students must exercise rigorous
critical evaluation of their online sources. Simply being online does not make something accurate,
true, or current.
Research Paper Self-Assessment Checklist
You should use the following questions to evaluate the quality of the paper prior to submitting it for
____I have addressed the stated research topic question.
____I have formatted my paper using a 12-point font and double spacing.
____I have met the minimum length of 1500 words.
____I have checked my writing for all spelling and grammatical errors.
____I have included the minimum number of four (4) required works cited.
____I have properly formatted in MLA the title to my paper with personal identification.
____I have correctly spelled the instructors name on my paper.
____I have properly formatted in MLA all of my works cited.
____I have properly formatted in MLA a separate works cited page.
____I have at least one properly MLA-formatted parenthetical (in-text) reference and work cited.
____I have not included a reference work (dictionary/encyclopedia) in my works cited.
____I have not cited a website without an .edu address.
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