I will provide the three sources that need to be used in this paper.the paper should answer the following questions about your scriptural passage: Origins: As far as we know, who was the author of this text? When was it written? For what purpose was it written, and what do we know about the social situation the author was writing in?Sources: As far as we know, did this passage originate from sources older than the present book in which it is found? What do we know about the editing process that led this passage to be included in the book in which it is found, in the place where it is found?Insights: Based on your research, what are some insights that biblical criticism provides into the meaning or significance of this passage? These insights can be gained from the close study of the words of the passage, a study of its form or genre, research into the social and historical context of the passage, etc. (This section should take up the majority of the paper)
Your paper should have an introduction describing the relevance of your
topic and a thesis statement summarizing the whole of your argument. Each
paragraph should have a topic sentence that summarizes what the paragraph is
about, and the paragraph should center on that topic. The paragraphs of your
paper should follow a logical order. dont forget to cite the source First source http://www.usccb.org/bible/john/1second source https://www.sermonwriter.com/biblical-commentary/j…Third sourceOxford Bible Commentaryin PDF File the required passages to get the information from is (( John 1:1-18 )) onlyI also included a sample to make to know how to do the paper better
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THE GOSPEL OF JOHN
A Commentary by Derek Walker
Part 1: John chapters 1 to 11
(c) Derek Walker, April 2004
THE GOSPEL OF JOHN
A Commentary by Derek Walker
Part 1: John chapters 1 to 11
Introduction to the GOSPEL OF JOHN
1. The Prologue (John 1:1-18)
2. The Ministry of John the Baptist (John 1:19-37).
3. The First Disciples of Jesus (John 1:35-51).
4. Water to Wine – The First Sign (John 2:1-11)
5. Jesus Cleanses the Temple (John 2:12-25)
6. The New Birth (John 3:1-21)
7. John the Baptist Exalts Christ (John 3:22-36)
8. The Woman at the Well (John 4:1-42)
9. Jesus Heals the Nobleman’s Son (John 4:43-54)
10. Jesus – the Lord of Life and Death (John 5:1-30)
11. The Sons Authentication (John 5:31-47).
The Feeding of the 5,000 (John 6:1-15)
The Message of the Miracle (John 6:22-59)
The Disciples Response (John 6:60-71).
Walking on the Water (John 6:16-21)
16. Rivers of Life (John 7:1-39)
17. Division over Christ (John 7:40-53)
18. Jesus: our Deliverer from sin, satan and death (8:1-59).
19. A man born blind receives sight (John 9:1-41).
20. Jesus, the Good Shepherd (John 10:1-42).
21. Lazarus – come forth. (John 11:1-44).
22. The Plot to Kill Jesus (John 11:45-57).
Appendix: JOHN and the CHRONOLOGY of JESUS LIFE
Introduction to the GOSPEL OF JOHN
The Gospel of John has a special importance to the New-Testament. Jesus
commanded the apostles to teach all nations teaching them to observe
all things whatsoever I have commanded you (Matthew 28:19,20).
Here we see that Jesus own life and teaching, as recorded for us in the
Gospels, is foundational to the rest of the New-Testament. As Jesus
prepares the apostles for their ministry after He leaves, He predicts how
the New-Testament will be written under the inspiration of the Holy-Spirit:
(1) He will teach you all things, and bring all things (all the teaching of
Jesus) to your remembrance, whatsoever I have said to you (John
14:26). Thus the GOSPELS were written by the help of the Spirit.
(2) I have yet many things to say to you, but you cannot bear them
now. However, when He, the Spirit of truth is come, He will guide you
into all truth (John 16:13a). This speaks of further truth the Spirit will
reveal to the apostles. This truth is recorded in ACTS and the EPISTLES.
It is truth that is built on the foundation of the personal teaching of Jesus,
because the Spirit is sent from Jesus: He shall not speak of Himself,
but whatsoever He shall hear, that shall He speak (John 16:13b).
(3) and He will show you things to come (John16:13c). This was
fulfilled by the BOOK of REVELATION, which completes Gods Word.
If we think of the New-Testament as a house of doctrine:
(1) The four Gospels are the four foundation stones
(2) Acts forms the vertical walls, into which the rooms of the Epistles fit.
(3) Revelation is the roof, that goes on last, completing the house.
The Gospels show Jesus Christ from four distinct viewpoints, each with
their own emphasis. The synoptics (Matthew, Mark and Luke) have many
similarities. They teach Christs Deity, but focus more on His humanity (as
seen in the genealogies). However, John is quite different and stands out
from the rest. Written after the others, it rarely repeats them, but prefers to
add material missed by the others. John emphasises the Deity of Christ
(the Son of God), beginning with His Divine origin, rather than His human
birth. Therefore Johns Gospel is the Cornerstone of the Foundation of the
New-Testament! It is the place to begin because the other books (including
the Gospels) find their rightful place in relation to it. In the Appendix, I
show how this principle works out for the Chronology of Jesus Life.
1. The Prologue (John 1:1-18).
v1: In the beginning was the Word,
and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.
v2 He was in the beginning with God.
v3 All things were made through Him,
and without Him nothing was made that was made.
v4 In Him was life, and the life was the light of men.
v5 And the light shines in the darkness,
and the darkness did not comprehend it.
John the Baptist
v6 There was a man sent from God, whose name was John.
v7 This man came for a witness, to bear witness of the Light,
that all through him might believe.
v8 He was not that Light, but was sent to bear witness of that Light.
v9 That was the true Light, which – coming into the world gives light to every man.
v10 He was in the world, and the world was made through Him,
and the world did not know Him.
v11 He came to His own, and His own did not receive Him.
v12 But as many as received Him, to them He gave the right
to become children of God, to those who believe in His name:
v13 who were born, not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh,
nor of the will of man, but of God.
v14 And the Word became flesh and dwelt among us,
and we beheld His glory, the glory as of
the only begotten of the Father, full of grace and truth.
v15 John bore witness of Him and cried out, saying,
This was He of whom I said, He who comes after me is preferred
before me, for He was before me.
v16 And of His fullness we have all received, and grace upon grace.
v17 For the law was given through Moses,
but grace and truth came through Jesus Christ.
v18 No one has seen God at any time: The only begotten Son,
who is in the bosom of the Father, He has declared Him.
The four Gospels present Jesus from four viewpoints (like the four faces of
the Cherubim): MATTHEW – The Messianic King of Israel, the Lion of
Judah (appealing especially to the Jews)
MARK – The Servant = The Ox (appealing especially to the Romans)
LUKE – the Perfect Man (appealing especially to the Greeks)
JOHN – the Son of God from heaven = the Eagle (for all men).
Each Gospel starts with a corresponding genealogy of Christ, showing His
origins: MATTHEW gives the line of succession from Abraham and
David through Joseph, establishing His right of Kingship over Israel.
MARK – presents Him as a Servant, so no origins are given.
LUKE – describes his human origins through Mary and her genealogy.
JOHN – is unique and starts by giving His Divine genealogy (origins).
For He is the Pre-Exist ant Son. Before He became the man
called Jesus 2000 years ago, He eternally existed as God.
As Micah 5:2 points out the babe of Bethlehem has His origins in eternity:
Bethlehem Ephrathah, though you are little among the thousands of
Judah, yet out of you shall come forth unto Me the One to be Ruler in
Israel, whose goings forth (origins) are from of old, from everlasting.
v1,14: In the beginning was the Word (Jesus), and the Word was
with (pros = face to face) God (in eternal loving communion with the
Father), and the Word was God … and the Word (Jesus) became flesh
(His conception) and dwelt (tabernacled) among us (his birth was at the
feast of Tabernacles), and we beheld His glory (Jesus life, ministry,
miracles, death, resurrection and ascension, all seen by eyewitnesses).
This One called the Word took upon himself a human nature (flesh).
John starts by declaring that the man Jesus is also the eternal Word.
He did not just appear as a man, but became a true man 2000 years ago.
But this was not the beginning of His existence for He was always the
eternal Word. He became a man but did not stop being God. Jesus
Christ was and is God manifest in the flesh – the unique God-Man.
John bore witness of Him and cried out, saying, This was He of
whom I said, He who comes after me (John was older than Jesus) is
preferred before me, for He was before me (the pre-existent Word)(v15)
In the beginning was the Word is a clear reference to Genesis 1:1, the
foundational verse of the Bible: In the beginning God created the
heaven and the earth. This declares Gods existence. The Bible says it is
self-evident that God exists – only the darkness of mans heart causes him
sometimes to deny this fact. The Psalmist says: The fool says in his
heart: there is no God. He denies God, in a vain attempt to be his
own god but this is foolish because God exists anyway and will judge him.
Genesis 1:1 teaches: (1) Before time began the eternal God exists.
(2) He created the space-time-matter universe.
(3) There is One God who created (singular), yet He exists in plurality
(Elohim). As the progressive revelation of God grew, so it becomes
clearer that He exists in Trinity – as Father, Son and Holy-Spirit.
(4) He created the Universe in His Triune image (space-time-matter) and
man also in His personal image (as spirit-soul-body): Hear (gather into
one), O Israel: (1) The LORD (2) our God, (3) the LORD is one!
You shall love the LORD your God (1) with all your heart (spirit),
(2) with all your soul and (3) with all your strength (body) (Deut6:4,5)
As Genesis 1:1 is the foundational verse of the Old Testament, so John 1:1
is the foundational verse of the New Testament, building upon it and
elaborating on the plurality of Elohim. v1 is a key statement of the Trinity:
In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was (pros = face to
face) with God (the Father and Son are united together in love),
and the Word was God. He was in the beginning with God.
The Word (Son) is distinct from the Father, yet He is also God. He exists
eternally with the Father, bound together in eternal love, for God is by
nature Love. We see two Divine Persons, yet One God. Later a third
Divine Person will be revealed – the Holy-Spirit (who may be thought
of as the Personified Love-Gift being eternally given between the Father
and Son) – who completes the Tri-unity of God.
Why is He called the Word? This shows God is by nature a Communicator
If people dont know or hear God it is not because He is not speaking, but
because they are not listening (not tuned in). God reveals Himself through
the Second Person – the Word: No one has seen God (the Father) at
any time: The only begotten (unique) Son, who is (abides eternally)
in the bosom of the Father (abiding in the place of closest intimacy,
and so knows the Father perfectly), He has declared Him (made Him
known, explained Him, shown us what He is like) (v18). The WORD,
also called the only begotten SON of God, reveals God to us.
Just as Genesis 1 reveals God as the Creator of all, so John 1 reveals the
Word as the Creator of all: All things were made through Him, and
without Him nothing was made that was made (v3). Creation was
Gods first act of self-revelation and it was accomplished by the Word.
God the Father spoke and the Word went forth with His Spirit (breath)
and created all things. The Word was the instrument of Creation. John
shows us that the Word is a Person, the One Who created all things.
He is confirming that Jesus, the Word, is true God, for only God can be
called Creator. In Him was life (He is Life), and the life was the light
of men (v4). As well as being our Creator, He is the Source of all Life,
both natural and spiritual. His life lights up our mind (soul).
And the Light shines in the darkness (of the world), and the darkness
did not comprehend (understand, overcome or extinguish) it (v5).
This is a summary of His ministry: (1) The eternal Light came into the
world, invading the kingdom of darkness, (2) The darkness (satan and evil
men) resisted him (even putting Him to death) (3) But the darkness could
not overcome the Light. The Word triumphed. He rose from the dead
and all who receive Him become lights (the light multiplies).
Next, John introduces John the Baptist and his testimony to Jesus Christ:
There was a man sent from God, whose name was John. This man
came for a witness, to bear witness of the Light, that all through him
might believe. He was not that Light, but was sent to bear witness
of that Light (v6-8). John was only a prophet, the greatest of a line of
prophets all bearing witness to the Coming Messiah, who was the true
Light: That was the true Light (revealing God) which, coming into the
world (by the incarnation) – gives light to every man (note the corrected
translation). He was in the world, and the world was made through
Him, and the world did not know Him. He came to His own (Israel),
and His own did not receive Him (v9-11).
Israel as a nation rejected her King, but many individuals did believe in
Him: But as many as received Him, to them He gave the right to
become children of God, to those who believe in His Name
(His character and identity as the Son of God) who were born
(not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man)
but (born) of God (they receive a supernatural rebirth, becoming actual
children of God by regeneration – see John 3 for more detail) (v12,13).
The issue is believing in Christ which results in receiving Life through the
New-Birth. The key word of Johns Gospel is believe, and it constantly
shows the way people either believed (received) Him or rejected Him.
In fact the very purpose of Johns Gospel is: that you may believe that
Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God, and that believing you may have
life in His Name (John 20:31). It is written to bring people to faith in
Jesus as the Son of God, for it is through this faith that we receive
eternal life. So it starts by declaring that He is the Eternal Word, the
Creator and Source of all Life (1:1-18). It continues by proving this
through eight selected major Signs Jesus performed (John 20:30).
And the Word became flesh and dwelt among us, and we beheld
His glory (the manifestation of His Deity), the glory as of the only
begotten (Son) of the Father, full of grace and truth (v14). Although
we became sons of God by the New-Birth, He remains the unique eternally
begotten Son of God (v18). Our sonship is by creation, His is by eternal
generation. He is in a different category altogether. He is God the Son.
He is full of grace and truth – these are the basic inseparable qualities
of God, revealed in the glory of the Son. It is the perfect combination of
mercy and justice. In men, truth alone is harsh, grace alone is soft (Col4:6)
Johns Testimony: John bore witness of Him and cried out, saying,
This was He of whom I said, He who comes after me is preferred
before me, for He was (eternally) before me (v15).
The personal testimony of the first believers: And of His fullness (of
grace and truth – v14, the divine nature) we have all received, and grace
upon grace (we receive wave upon wave of blessing!). For the law was
given through Moses, but grace and truth (v14,16) came through
Jesus Christ. No one has seen God at any time: The only begotten Son
(the oldest manuscripts say: The only begotten God), Who is (eternally)
in the bosom of the Father, He has declared Him (v16-18).
This is the foundational passage of John and of the whole New Testament.
It reveals the foundational truth of the New Testament that Jesus is the
fulfilment of all the prophets, the eternal Son of God, the Source of all life,
and through believing in Him we are born-again and receive wave upon
wave of ever-increasing divine blessing, grace and life. So put all your
faith in JESUS CHRIST as LORD (God) and receive of His fullness!
2. The Ministry of John the Baptist (John 1:19-34).
v19 Now this is the testimony of John, when the Jews sent priests and
Levites from Jerusalem to ask him, “Who are you?”
v20 He confessed, and did not deny, but confessed,
“I am not the Christ.”
v21 And they asked him, “What then? Are you Elijah?”
He said, “I am not.”
“Are you the Prophet?”
And he answered, “No.”
v22 Then they said to him, “Who are you, that we may give an
answer to those who sent us? What do you say about yourself?”
v23 He said: “I am “The voice of one crying in the wilderness:
“Make straight the way of the LORD,” as the prophet Isaiah said.”
v24 Now those who were sent were from the Pharisees.
v25 And they asked him, saying, “Why then do you baptise
if you are not the Christ, nor Elijah, nor the Prophet?”
v26 John answered them, saying, “I baptise with water,
but there stands One among you whom you do not know.
v27 It is He who, coming after me, is preferred before me,
whose sandal strap I am not worthy to loose.”
v28 These things were done in Bethabara beyond the Jordan,
where John was baptising.
v29 The next day John saw Jesus coming toward him, and said,
“Behold! The Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world!
v30 This is He of whom I said, After me comes a Man who is
preferred before me, for He was before me.’
v31 I did not know Him; but that He should be revealed to Israel,
therefore I came baptising with water.”
v32 And John bore witness, saying, “I saw the Spirit descending
from heaven like a dove, and He remained upon Him.
v33 I did not know Him, but He who sent me to baptise with water
said to me, “Upon whom you see the Spirit descending,
and remaining on Him, this is He who baptises with the Holy Spirit.’
v34 And I have seen and testified that this is the Son of God.”
(For more of Johns witness see John 3:22-36 on page 35).
Introduction: This section of scripture describes Johns witness to Jesus, soon
after His Baptism and the 40 day Temptation in the Wilderness (recorded in the
other Gospels). Jesus returned to the Baptist to spend some private time with
him (3:26) and receive his public endorsement, before starting to gather His
disciples (including John, the Gospel writer). Jesus was now entering His first
phase of public ministry which lasted until the time of the arrest of John the
Baptist. Only John gives details of this first phase (1:19-4:42). It is October/
November AD 29 soon after Jesus 30th Birthday at Tabernacles (John 1:14).
The Witness of John the Baptist to Jesus – teaches us that true ministry
requires HUMILITY, turning attention away from us onto Jesus.
Day 1: Now this is the testimony of John, when the Jews sent priests
and Levites from Jerusalem to ask him, Who are you? (Question 1)
(v19) These were the religious police sent to check out possible
prophets and Messiahs for John had drawn crowds and caused a great stir
with his preaching. He confessed, and did not deny, but confessed
(using a threefold emphasis) I am not the Christ (v20).
Question 2: And they asked him What then? Are you Elijah? (v21).
(this possibility comes from Malachi 4:1,2, for the Jews correctly believed
that Elijah would come first to prepare Israel for the Messiah. Elijah did
not die but went up to heaven in a chariot. He will come before the
Second Coming as one of the two witnesses but because God knew Israel
would reject Christ, John went in his place. John came in the spirit and
power of Elijah but was not Elijah in person. So: He said, I am not.
Then Question 3: Are you the Prophet? From Deut18:15, the Prophet
like Moses was also expected, but this was just a title for Messiah.
So: And he answered, No. See how Johns answers get shorter: I am
not the Christ..I am not..No. Not a very exciting interview so far! But
John wasnt interested in talking about himself, but only about the Lord.
Then they said to him, Who are you, that we may give an
answer to those who sent us? What do you say about yourself?
He said: I am The voice of one crying in the wilderness: Make
straight the way of the LORD, as the prophet Isaiah said (v22,23).
John was not into names and titles. He just called himself a voice sent
to prepare the way for the true glory. He was saying: I am not important,
I am just a messenger, its my message that counts. I am just a voice,
dont look at me, but look at the One I am talking about.
Yet Joh …
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