The Vital Role of Intelligence in Homeland Security and Two Response

This week, your readings provided insight into the world of intelligence and its role in homeland security. Applying and analyzing the information you gathered from this week’s readings, and your personal/professional experiences, please respond to the following:1. Fusion centers were identified as an initiatives in the area of homeland security intelligence that has the potential to have substantial impact on coordination and information sharing. Fully describe these the initiatives and what you see as their value to homeland security.2. Describe the role of the FBI in domestic counterterrorism, and in particular the Joint Terrorism Task Force concept?Forum Rubric: Answers the forum question(s) with a relevant, coherent and scholarly initial forum response (>250 words) 20/20; demonstrates lesson comprehension in forums with no more than 10% of content as direct quotes 15/15; employs complete and proper APA in-text parenthetical citations of the required readings for this week 10/10; responses to two classmates initial forum answers (>100 words each) 20/20; quality answer to professor follow-up question 20/20, main forum has APA reference list at end of forum (including the required readings) 5/5; reads and acknowledges professors end of week wrap up forum 10/10.Note: your primary forum post answering the assigned question for the week is due on Thursday by 1155PM EST, and per the syllabus you can lose up to 5 points per day for late work.Instructions: Craft your main forum answer is like a short paper directly answering the topic of the week with a well written response that fully utilizes the required readings for the week with at least 250 words. Focus only on the assigned question(s) in a scholarly manner using in-text citations from the required readings (save your personal experiences and opinions for your four forum replies in any given week). Each sentence quoting or paraphrasing any ideas or information from any source must be cited properly including the author and year of publication. Do not cite the APUS lessons — they are just basic information to start the week off and is not meant to be a primary source for you to reference in your reply (to receive full credit you must utilize and cite the listed required readings for that week). If directly quoting from the readings (or other scholarly sources), you must also include the page or paragraph number that you are quoting from like (Hoffman, 2006, p.7) or for articles and sources without pages (Renner, 2016, para.15). If you are directly quoting and there is no page number to cite, then you manually count the paragraphs and cite that number. You also need to have an APA style reference list at the end of your post listing the sources employed. For more on APA citations and reference lists see the APUS Style Guide for APA. You must first provide your own initial forum answer before replying to any classmates or the professor. The four replies of the week are more of a free flowing classroom discussion which offers you an opportunity to leverage your relevant personal experiences and express your thoughts and opinions. Respond to at least two other students initial forum answers with a minimum of 100 words each. In your replies to classmates you may offer your opinion on the topic of the week, substantially support or supplement another student’s answer, or even politely disagree with or challenge their forum answer (but do not ask your classmates questions, or do so only as a last resort per the forum philosophy). You will also reply to my follow up question in your own forum string, and also read and acknowledge the Professor wrap up forum I post toward the end of the week. Also, do not be afraid to respectfully disagree with the readings or a classmate where you feel appropriate; as this should be part of your analysis process and employing critical thinking and academic freedom. Forum posts are graded based on demonstrated knowledge of the lesson and weekly readings, relevance, timeliness, as well as clarity and quality of analysis and synthesis. Sources utilized to support answers are to come from the weekly readings, but other credible and scholarly sources may be used to supplement (but not replace) the assigned readings. However, dictionaries, encyclopedias and Wikipedia are not scholarly and are not acceptable sources in college level work. Do not use non-scholarly open websites as sources for your reply to the main forum answer. All forum work must be completed within the academic week. When replying to the main forum answer make sure to include your name in the “topic title” of your initial forum answer/response.
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Response to these Posts
Student 1
1. Fusion centers were identified as an initiatives in the area of homeland security
intelligence that has the potential to have substantial impact on coordination and
information sharing. Fully describe these the initiatives and what you see as their value to
homeland security.
The initiatives of fusion cells in the area of homeland security are to create a centralized
location where law enforcement agencies can monitor criminal activity. The mission of the
fusion cell includes furthering “many of the tenets outlined in the National Criminal Intelligence
Sharing Plan (NCISP), included experts and practitioners from local, state, and federal law
enforcement and public safety agencies” as well as many of the primary criminal investigation
agencies (Department of Justice, n.d)Centralizing criminal activity data ensure that LEO’s do not
have to look through individual mechanisms to gather a threat assessment they can access one
mechanism and gain all the information they need, while keeping all personnel involved
informed.
1. Describe the role of the FBI in domestic counterterrorism, and in particular the Joint
Terrorism Task Force concept?
The FBI is the primary agency responsible for domestic counterterrorism in the United
States. As the lead agency, the Bureau has made progress over the last two decades to create
entities to assess and investigate terrorist threats, to include Joint Terrorism Task Forces
(JTTF’s). The first JTTF was establish in 1980 with more than 70 different field offices being
established after the 9/11 attacks. JTTF’s are designed to “work with state and municipal law
enforcement” to communicate & collaborate on counterterrorism efforts (Investigation, 2015).
Essentially, JTTF’s embody the core of counterterrorism efforts within the Unites States. JTTF’s
have assisted in thwarting terrorist attacks, for example in the Times Square bombing case.
Coordination between JTTF’s and local law enforcement ensure the suspect was identified
within 48 hours.
Endie
Department of Justice. (n.d). Fusion Cells & Intelligence Sharing. Retrieved from it.ojp.gov:
https://www.it.ojp.gov/initiatives/fusion-centers
Investigation, D. o. (2015). The FBI: Protecting the Homeland.
Student 2
1. Fusion centers were identified as an initiatives in the area of homeland security
intelligence that has the potential to have substantial impact on coordination and
information sharing. Fully describe these the initiatives and what you see as their value to
homeland security.
The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) understands the benefits and effective strategy in
providing local law enforcement as much information as necessary in conducting their own
investigations which lead to the dismantle of terrorist plots. Local law enforcement know the
jurisdictional area, they know areas of interest for potential attack, and they know the people of
the community. These are significant advantages in preparing for an attack, identifying
individuals who do not belong to the community, and conducting an investigation which leads to
the arrest of individuals involved in terrorist activities. Homeland security benefits from Fusion
Centers because they allow critical information and intelligence to be distributed to local law
enforcement. Law enforcement is then able to be vigilant and knowledgeable in taking an active
role in preventing terrorist attacks in their communities, thus, making the United States safer and
more effective at preventing attacks. (Ratcliff, 2003)
2. Describe the role of the FBI in domestic counterterrorism, and in particular the Joint
Terrorism Task Force concept?
The FBI is the lead agency in domestic counterterrorism and has incredible resources dedicated
to preventing attacks on the homeland. The FBI’s Joint Terrorism Task Force has grown and
there are many field offices across the nation with hundreds of agents specifically investigating
and apprehending suspected terrorists before they are able to carry out an attack. The concept of
Joint Terrorism Task Force is that it involves not only FBI agents but members of other federal
agencies as well as local law enforcement. This allows cooperation between agencies in
common, and very important goal. Keeping the communities safe is local law enforcement
priority, keeping the nations borders safe is Customs and Border Protection priority, and overall
protection of the nation is the FBI priority. The Joint Terrorism Task Force allows each of the
priorities to be met by various individual agents and officers working together with specific
interest to the geographic location of concern. (Federal Bureau of Investigation, n.d.)
Derek
References
Federal Bureau of Investigation. (n.d.). What we investigate: terrorism. Retrieved from
https://www.fbi.gov/investigate/terrorism
Ratcliff, J. H. (2003). Intelligence-led policing. Trends and issues in crime and criminal justice,
No. 248.

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