1. The question is inside the file call “paper one promp” please choose one movie and do the analysis.2. please have a topic sentence at the beginning of each paragraph so that i can understand which question you are answering. ( and please underline the topic sentence)3. in order to look like a film essay, I also provide the class note to u=you, please use some professional word?
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FIRST PAPER PROMPT
POLI 142D: WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION
Due Date: Monday April 30, 2018 by 4pm PST at the LATEST.
1. Answer the prompt in a paper that is 3-6 pages in length (including Works Cited page).
2. Papers must be double spaced, have 1 inch margins and 12 point font Times New Roman.
3. Papers must include a Works Cited page. Use conventional in-text citation (e.g. MLA).
4. Papers must be entirely your own work. You must cite. Refer below for more details.
5. Late papers will be penalized ½ letter grade per day. Submit BOTH:
1. An electronic copy to TritonED by 4pm PST on April 30.
2. A paper copy at the beginning of class on April 30.
6. The paper assignment is worth 40% of your total course grade.
Prompt: Write a short paper detailing the WMD status or aspirations of the country you
have been assigned for the two simulations to be held in class during the course. If the state
does not have WMD, why not? What weapons (internal balancing) or allies (external
balancing) does the country possess and how might these explain the decision not to
proliferate? Did the country have a program to explore/produce nuclear or other WMD?
Why did it stop? Regardless of WMD status, detail the countrys view of WMD. Does it
favor/oppose proliferation? How? What issues or concerns does it raise? To which WMDrelated treaties does it belong (NPT, NWFZ, etc.)? Has it ever used or contemplated using
WMD? Include any other information that is particularly relevant to your assigned country.
Do not provide a history of the country itself.
Be analytical: Raise and answer why? questions about the country and its
Academic Integrity: Submitting this or any other assignment for a grade in this course
implies that you agree to UCSDs policies as stated in UCSD Principles of Community and
the Student Code of Conduct. Academic misconduct includes (but is not limited to): using
another persons words as your own, asking someone else to write any part of an
assignment you submit as your own, failing to cite material from another source,
rephrasing someone elses work as your own.
The Policy on Integrity of Scholarship (academicintegrity.ucsd.edu) lists some of the
standards by which you are expected to complete assignments in this course. Students
needing assistance may consult with the instructor or the teaching assistants. You are
encouraged to use authorized UCSD writing resources, such as the Writing Hub. No other
person or resource may be used to assist you in writing this or any other assignment without
express permission from the instructor. Exceptions will be made in the case of disability or
other personal need. Please consult with the instructor if you are unclear about this policy
or believe you need the assistance of other persons or online resources. You may not use a
tutor to assist you in writing this assignment. You cannot collaborate or consult with other
students in writing this assignment. You may not refer to online grammar or translation
sources such as Google Translate or Grammarly (grammar is not graded).
TDGE 11 – Queer
Instructor Kara Raphaeli
What do you call me?
Professor Raphaeli (I wont correct you!)
Do NOT call me:
What is Queer?
From Course Description:
There exist multiple meanings of the term queer.
Queer can be understood as an umbrella term for the
LGBTQ+ community, an activist challenge to
homonormative culture, or a theoretical approach in
which categories are assumed to be fluid rather than
Queer originally meant strange
Late 19th century, queer became a slur for samesex attraction or same-sex sex.
1980s-90s activists chose to reclaim the word.
(some gay and lesbian people still view the
word queer as hurtful)
From the book Queer: A Graphic History
by Meg-John Barker and Julian Scheele
A Graphic History
A Graphic History
What is performance?
There exist multiple meanings of the term queer. Queer can
be understood as an umbrella term for the LGBTQ+ community,
an activist challenge to homonormative culture, or a theoretical
approach in which categories are assumed to be fluid rather
than fixed. Likewise, performance might be understood
as traditionally structured (i.e. staged, filmed or audio
recorded), loosely structured forms of public
performance (i.e. parades and protests), and even the
manner in which individuals present themselves to
others (i.e. at school, on the street, on social media etc).
Performance of Self
The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life, 1956.
Erving Goffman – sociologist who analyzed
social interactions as theatrical.
All of us who are queer can loosely be defined
as solo performers, insofar as we have to
fashion an identity around gender and
sexuality – David Roman, O Solo Homo: The
New Queer Performance
So What Are We Studying in
Types of performances: Films, music, music videos,
theatre, YouTubers, podcasts
Types of Queer:
Films from the LGBT canon
More diverse films ignored by the canon
These exist in tension
Lets queer it!
Compulsory Heterosexuality – The idea that
heterosexuality is enforced by society through
patriarchy and social institutions – especially
Think. Pair. Share.
If the goal of True Directions is to turn gay teens
straight, why do they focus on gender roles?
How are assumptions about gender and sexuality
challenged in the film?
The character of Jan:
Her gender presentation is masculine, but she likes
Gender and sexuality are related, but not
Who are the characters who got kicked out
Jan, Dolph and Andre – All People of Color
US Gender roles are inherently white
Many racial stereotypes are related to gendered
characteristics and behaviors
Identifies as a man
Creator and host of RuPauls Drag Race
Singer – Supermodel (You Better Work) a hit in
Drag relies on Camp
Camp – form of humor that is prevalent in queer
art. It relies on irony and exaggeration.
Example: Supermodel (You Better Work) use of
Vanities in place of Vanity Fair
Drague in place of Vogue
Name, PID, and week number on one side
answer on other side
QUESTION: What is one aspect of But Im a
Cheerleader that left an impression on you?
This classroom is a space for us all to learn new
ideas and to engage in dialogue about difficult
and often personal subjects. However, learning
and thinking critically can be a challenging and
vulnerable process. Even when everyone is
committed to being respectful, someone may
say something that results in unintentional
The following ground rules are intended to
assist us in expressing our thoughts while
maintaining a respectful, thoughtful and
B. Avoid Generalizations.
C. No devils advocate.
D. Assume best intentions
Topics of Interest
According to Survey
Contemporary films with diverse representation
Family Dynamics, Coming Out Stories, AIDS
Crisis, Trans Identity
Specific topics I will do my best to find
Response Paper #1 Prompt
Due Wednesday, April 25 11:59PM
Genre films: Choose between camp/cult, Hollywood or
Documentary genres and watch one of the optional films.
Cult: Rocky Horror Picture Show, The Adventures of Priscilla
Queen of the Dessert, Pink Flamingos, Liquid Sky.
Hollywood Drama: Milk, Brokeback Mountain, Monster, The
Documentary: Words, The Aggressives, TBA
Starting points: Consider the film in relation to the genre. Who is
being represented? Who is being obscured or forgotten? Who is
the intended audience? How do these performances fall into or
challenge stereotypes and established tropes?
Boys Dont Cry
1999 film based on the life and death of
We wont be watching it
Boys Dont Cry
Trans character played by cis actor
Contributes to trans erasure
Perpetuates negative stereotypes
Takes away acting opportunity from potential trans actor
Graphic sexual violence – Gratuitous and itself a perpetuation
Tragic Trans Narrative
Tragic Trans Narrative
trans character functions on a symbolic level or as
a catalyst for cis characters.
We can do better
Passing: Profiling the Lives
of Young Transmen of Color
Passing – means being perceived as the gender
one identifies as – not being perceived as trans
Intersectional analysis – documentary focuses on
the ways these three men navigate the world
because of how they are perceived as black men.
Everything I knew about trans
people was negative
1990 release (filmed 1987-89)
Canonical queer film
About Ballroom scene – gay African American competitive
Filmmaker Jenny Livingston – middle class white lesbian. Why
does this matter?
Although Livingston is queer herself, she made a film
about a community she is not part of and which is
marginalized due to factors of race, class and gender
identity in ways that Livingston does not experience.
Nature of Documentary Films
Documentaries seem unbiased because they are
recording live events and directly interviewing
subjects. However, documentary filmmakers are
creating narratives through editing, through
frameworks, through the types of questions they
ask and the moments they ask them. Its important
to recognize that.
An inclusive space but predominately a community of
gay men and trans women (Lesbians, straight cis
women and trans men participate in smaller numbers)
Ballroom functions with different groups called Houses.
Leaders are called House Mothers – House Mothers
may identify as men or women.
Butch queens – gay men. they may or may not
perform in drag.
Femme queens – trans women
Keep in mind:
Ballroom isnt just playing with gender, it is also
playing with class and racialized class inequality
Note on Offensive Language
Language varies by time period and culture.
Some words used freely in Paris is Burning are
today considered offensive slurs.
Content Warning: biological
objectification of transfeminine bodies,
homophobic slur, nudity, trans death
Criticism of Paris is Burning
So much of what is expressed in the film has to do with
questions of power and privilege and the way racism
impedes black progress Here, the supposedly
outsider position is primarily located in the experience of
whiteness. Livingston appears unwilling to interrogate
the way assuming the position of outsider looking in, as
well as being interpreter, can, and often does, prevent
and distort ones perspective. – bell hooks
Livingston made her success on the film but
subjects did not receive a significant share of the
Film overly focused on criminal behavior and
financial desperation despite existance of
community members more financially secure with
How do the ballroom performances play with
class and racialized class inequality?
Term used by queer theorist José Esteban Muñoz.
Muñoz resists clear definition of disidentification,
redefining the term multiple times in his writing,
offering different variants. This makes it hard to
At its core, disidentification is a tactic in which queer
people of color negotiate space within dominant
culture, neither outright rejecting nor conforming to
Example from Paris is Burning: Realness
Tragic Trans Narrative
How is Venus Xtravaganzas death depicted?
Could Livingston have made a different choice
so as not to exploit and objectify her murder?
Trans women experience a disproportionate
amount of violence, particularly trans WOC. (28
recorded murders of trans women in 2017).
Gay icon (in white gay male culture of the 90s and 2000s)
Support of gay community – 80s and 90s AIDS Activism
Queer representation in controversial videos
Vogue came out in 1990 (same year as Paris is Burning)
While Madonna does have queer men of color performing,
she centers herself in the video and vogue becomes
synonymous with Madonna to the mainstream and to white
Justify My Love
1990 Madonna music video
Banned from MTV for sexual content
Varied representations of queer sexuality
Content Warning: Lots of simulated sex, partial
Rocky Horror Picture Show
Response Paper #1
Analysis in relation to Genre
Not really a genre, but a status, due to the loyal and passionate
However, cult films tend to share common characteristics.
Tend to be controversial and subversive in content.
You might ask: how does this film challenge cultural
norms? Are social taboos depicted?
Low-budget to the point of being cheesy. The low-budget
quality becomes part of the films charm.
Camp, parody, satire
Genre films – flops that do not have mass appeal but over time
develop a following as the niche audience discovers the film.
Documentary films allow audiences to learn, think and feel about
the experiences of others. A critical viewer can analyze how these
films build those moments of learning, thinking and feeling in their
audiences. There are a number of sub-classifications
Observational – (filmmaker is as absent as possible, wants to be
a fly on the wall, not influencing the events being filmed.)
Expository – provides information and aims to teach or has an
argument and attempts persuade the audience.
Participatory – filmmaker actively engages with the subjects and
the material (not just asking questions, but a?ecting outcomes).
Reflexive – focus is on the filmmaking itself.
Poetic – filmmaker creates feeling more than a point. Aethetic
It might be useful to think about these categories and where the
film falls in order to step away from the subject matter and
recognize what the filmmakers goals are.
Some questions to think about to understand how the
documentary is constructed?
What is the storyline the filmmaker is building?
Is there a narrative arc? How implicit or explicit is that arc?
What questions are asked during interviews?
Where do interviews take place?
How might editing choices build meaning (e.g. progression of
shots, the combination of visual shot and voice over)?
What is the general environment in Hollywood regarding
Underrepresentation of LGBTQ+ experiences.
LGBT characters that do exist are usually white and
rarely explored form an intersectional perspective.
Despite many actors being LGBTQ-identified, many are
closeted, out LGBTQ actors are discriminated against.
Homophobic and transphobic jokes still rampant in film
The films on the prompt DO focus on
lesbian and gay characters.
What are the conditions of these films?
Hollywood films have a tendency to feel big in comparison
to independent films or television shows.
What is a big budget?
Black Panther had a budget of 200 million.
Brokeback Mountain – 14 million (178 million in box o?ce)
The Hours – 25 million production budget (108 million in
Monster – 8 million (60 million box o?ce)
Milk – 20 million (56 million box o?ce)
(For comparison, But Im a Cheerleader had a 1.2 million
budget and box o?ce success of 2.6 million.)
Who is telling the story?
Who is Watching?
Hollywood films are marketed to a generalized audience, requiring that
the stories feel universal. How are the queer characters written to feel
universal? Do you see markers of queerness that have been erased?
Who is telling the story? Hollywood films rarely provide an opportunity
for marginalized people to tell their own stories.
Example: Brokeback Mountain
Based on a short story written by Annie Proulx – a straight woman.
Directed by Ang Lee – a straight man.
The actors – neither Gyllenhaal nor Ledger identify as queer.
Star power: who are the actors? Are they well known?
Playing a gay character is often considered brave.
1975 adaptation of the stage musical Rocky Horror
Show (Produced in London in 1972, on Broadway
1975, revived on Broadway in 2000)
Camp tribute of old sci-fi
Became a cult film/midnight movie, performing
midnight showings in NYC at the Waverly Theatre
Callback lines emerged and then greater level of
Shadow Casts – silently perform the film in front of
Callback lines are scripted. They developed over time
vary over the years and in different regions, but are
mostly the same.
Physical participation: Dancing the Time Warp and
props (props include a newspaper, toilet paper,
flashlight or glowstick, latex glove, rice).
Use of antiquated word transvestite, violence
(but not graphic, rather cheesy), ableism, sexually
suggestive from start to finish, but without nudity.
Think. Pair. Share.
Discuss your reactions/experience of the film, using the
Who is being represented?
Who is being obscured or forgotten?
Who is the intended audience?
How do these performances fall into or challenge
stereotypes and established tropes?
Whose Film is this?
On the one hand, the film represents gender fluidity and
sexual freedom, a rejection of binaries and traditional
norms. Such messages are welcome across different
identifications within LGBTQ+ community.
On the other hand:
Gay male focus
Writer Richard OBrien transmisogynistic
(discriminatory towards trans women)
1. Bowies performances as queer art that
influenced and inspired generations of queer
2.Bowie as a public figure whose sexuality was
invasively questioned – and what that media
fixation did for queer people.
Ziggy Stardust and the Spiders from Mars
Bowie as Public Figure
Bowie came out as gay in 1972.
In 1976 he came out/clarified his sexuality as bisexual.
Bowie came to regret coming out, because the media
wouldnt stop asking him about his sexuality. He wasnt
interested in being a political activist, he wanted to be
approached as an artist, not a sexual oddity.
Clip from a 1979 interview
Bisexuality is invisible – sexuality is inferred from
Biphoiba – bisexual people experience discrimination
from both mainstream culture and gay/lesbian
Belief that bisexuality isn’t real, is really gay but not fully
out of the closet. This is especially prevalent in relation
to bisexual men.
Why Does Bowie Being Out
as Bisexual Matter?
Because there is so little bisexual male repr …
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