write a 700- 1000 words essay about film

1. The question is inside the file call “paper one promp” please choose one movie and do the analysis.2. please have a topic sentence at the beginning of each paragraph so that i can understand which question you are answering. ( and please underline the topic sentence)3. in order to look like a film essay, I also provide the class note to u=you, please use some professional word?
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FIRST PAPER PROMPT
POLI 142D: WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION
Spring 2018
Due Date: Monday April 30, 2018 by 4pm PST at the LATEST.
INTRUCTIONS:
1. Answer the prompt in a paper that is 3-6 pages in length (including Works Cited page).
2. Papers must be double spaced, have 1 inch margins and 12 point font Times New Roman.
3. Papers must include a Works Cited page. Use conventional in-text citation (e.g. MLA).
4. Papers must be entirely your own work. You must cite. Refer below for more details.
5. Late papers will be penalized ½ letter grade per day. Submit BOTH:
1. An electronic copy to TritonED by 4pm PST on April 30.
2. A paper copy at the beginning of class on April 30.
6. The paper assignment is worth 40% of your total course grade.
Prompt: Write a short paper detailing the WMD status or aspirations of the country you
have been assigned for the two simulations to be held in class during the course. If the state
does not have WMD, why not? What weapons (internal balancing) or allies (external
balancing) does the country possess and how might these explain the decision not to
proliferate? Did the country have a program to explore/produce nuclear or other WMD?
Why did it stop? Regardless of WMD status, detail the country’s view of WMD. Does it
favor/oppose proliferation? How? What issues or concerns does it raise? To which WMDrelated treaties does it belong (NPT, NWFZ, etc.)? Has it ever used or contemplated using
WMD? Include any other information that is particularly relevant to your assigned country.
Do not provide a history of the country itself.
Be analytical: Raise and answer “why?” questions about the country and its
status/actions.
Academic Integrity: Submitting this or any other assignment for a grade in this course
implies that you agree to UCSD’s policies as stated in UCSD Principles of Community and
the Student Code of Conduct. Academic misconduct includes (but is not limited to): using
another person’s words as your own, asking someone else to write any part of an
assignment you submit as your own, failing to cite material from another source,
rephrasing someone else’s work as your own.
The Policy on Integrity of Scholarship (academicintegrity.ucsd.edu) lists some of the
standards by which you are expected to complete assignments in this course. Students
needing assistance may consult with the instructor or the teaching assistants. You are
encouraged to use authorized UCSD writing resources, such as the Writing Hub. No other
person or resource may be used to assist you in writing this or any other assignment without
express permission from the instructor. Exceptions will be made in the case of disability or
other personal need. Please consult with the instructor if you are unclear about this policy
or believe you need the assistance of other persons or online resources. You may not use a
tutor to assist you in writing this assignment. You cannot collaborate or consult with other
students in writing this assignment. You may not refer to online grammar or translation
sources such as Google Translate or Grammarly (grammar is not graded).
TDGE 11 – Queer
Theatre/Performance
Instructor Kara Raphaeli
What do you call me?
•
Professor Raphaeli (I won’t correct you!)
•
Instructor Raphaeli
•
Mx. Raphaeli
Do NOT call me:
•
Miss.
•
Mrs.
•
Ms.
•
Karen
Queer Performance
What is Queer?
From Course Description:
There exist multiple meanings of the term “queer.”
Queer can be understood as an umbrella term for the
LGBTQ+ community, an activist challenge to
homonormative culture, or a theoretical approach in
which categories are assumed to be fluid rather than
fixed.
•
Queer originally meant “strange”
•
Late 19th century, queer became a slur for samesex attraction or same-sex sex.
•
Reclamation:
•
1980s-90s activists chose to reclaim the word.
•
Positive self-identification
•
(some gay and lesbian people still view the
word “queer” as hurtful)
From the book Queer: A Graphic History
by Meg-John Barker and Julian Scheele
From Queer
A Graphic History
From Queer
A Graphic History
What is performance?
There exist multiple meanings of the term “queer.” Queer can
be understood as an umbrella term for the LGBTQ+ community,
an activist challenge to homonormative culture, or a theoretical
approach in which categories are assumed to be fluid rather
than fixed. Likewise, performance might be understood
as traditionally structured (i.e. staged, filmed or audio
recorded), loosely structured forms of public
performance (i.e. parades and protests), and even the
manner in which individuals present themselves to
others (i.e. at school, on the street, on social media etc).
Performance of Self
•
The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life, 1956.
Erving Goffman – sociologist who analyzed
social interactions as theatrical.
•
“All of us who are queer can loosely be defined
as solo performers, insofar as we have to
fashion an identity around gender and
sexuality…” – David Roman, O Solo Homo: The
New Queer Performance
So What Are We Studying in
This Course???
•
Types of performances: Films, music, music videos,
theatre, YouTubers, podcasts
•
Types of Queer:
•
Films from the LGBT “canon”
•
More diverse films ignored by the canon
•
These exist in tension
•
Let’s queer it!
•
1999
•
Dark comedy
•
Conversion Therapy
•
Compulsory Heterosexuality – The idea that
heterosexuality is enforced by society through
patriarchy and social institutions – especially
marriage.
Think. Pair. Share.
If the goal of True Directions is to turn gay teens
straight, why do they focus on gender roles?
How are assumptions about gender and sexuality
challenged in the film?
The character of Jan:
Her gender presentation is masculine, but she likes
men.
Gender and sexuality are related, but not
inextricably linked.
Race
•
Who are the characters who got kicked out
before Megan?
•
Jan, Dolph and Andre – All People of Color
•
US Gender roles are inherently white
•
Many racial stereotypes are related to gendered
characteristics and behaviors
RuPaul
•
Drag queen
•
Identifies as a man
•
Creator and host of RuPaul’s Drag Race
•
Singer – “Supermodel (You Better Work)” a hit in
1993
•
Drag relies on Camp
•
Camp – form of humor that is prevalent in queer
art. It relies on irony and exaggeration.
•
Example: “Supermodel (You Better Work)” use of
magazines
•
“Vanities” in place of “Vanity Fair”
•
“Drague” in place of “Vogue”
Lecture Card
•
Name, PID, and week number on one side
•
answer on other side
•
QUESTION: What is one aspect of But I’m a
Cheerleader that left an impression on you?
Why?
Week 2
Ballroom
Classroom Culture
This classroom is a space for us all to learn new
ideas and to engage in dialogue about difficult
and often personal subjects. However, learning
and thinking critically can be a challenging and
vulnerable process. Even when everyone is
committed to being respectful, someone may
say something that results in unintentional
offense.
Classroom Culture
The following ground rules are intended to
assist us in expressing our thoughts while
maintaining a respectful, thoughtful and
authentic dialogue.
A. Respect.
B. Avoid Generalizations.
C. No devil’s advocate.
D. Assume best intentions
Topics of Interest
According to Survey
•
Contemporary films with diverse representation
•
Love Stories
•
Family Dynamics, Coming Out Stories, AIDS
Crisis, Trans Identity
•
Specific topics I will do my best to find
representation for
Response Paper #1 Prompt
Due Wednesday, April 25 11:59PM
Genre films: Choose between camp/cult, Hollywood or
Documentary genres and watch one of the optional films.
Cult: Rocky Horror Picture Show, The Adventures of Priscilla
Queen of the Dessert, Pink Flamingos, Liquid Sky.
Hollywood Drama: Milk, Brokeback Mountain, Monster, The
Hours
Documentary: Words, The Aggressives, TBA
Starting points: Consider the film in relation to the genre. Who is
being represented? Who is being obscured or forgotten? Who is
the intended audience? How do these performances fall into or
challenge stereotypes and established tropes?
Boys Don’t Cry
•
1999 film based on the life and death of
Brandon Teena
•
Oscar Winner
•
We won’t be watching it
Strikes Against
Boys Don’t Cry
•
Trans character played by cis actor
•
Contributes to trans erasure
•
Perpetuates negative stereotypes
•
Takes away acting opportunity from potential trans actor
•
Graphic sexual violence – Gratuitous and itself a perpetuation
of violence
•
Tragic Trans Narrative
Tragic Trans Narrative
•
Sympathetic death
•
“long-suffering”
•
trans character functions on a symbolic level or as
a catalyst for cis characters.
•
We can do better
Passing: Profiling the Lives
of Young Transmen of Color
•
Short documentary
•
Passing – means being perceived as the gender
one identifies as – not being perceived as trans
•
Intersectional analysis – documentary focuses on
the ways these three men navigate the world
because of how they are perceived as black men.
“Everything I knew about trans
people was negative”
– Lucah
Background Information
•
1990 release (filmed 1987-89)
•
Canonical queer film
•
About Ballroom scene – gay African American competitive
performance
•
Filmmaker Jenny Livingston – middle class white lesbian. Why
does this matter?
Although Livingston is queer herself, she made a film
about a community she is not part of and which is
marginalized due to factors of race, class and gender
identity in ways that Livingston does not experience.
Nature of Documentary Films
Documentaries seem unbiased because they are
recording live events and directly interviewing
subjects. However, documentary filmmakers are
creating narratives through editing, through
frameworks, through the types of questions they
ask and the moments they ask them. It’s important
to recognize that.
Ballroom
•
An inclusive space but predominately a community of
gay men and trans women (Lesbians, straight cis
women and trans men participate in smaller numbers)
•
Kinship networks:
•
Ballroom functions with different groups called Houses.
•
Leaders are called House Mothers – House Mothers
may identify as men or women.
•
Gender categories:
•
Butch queens – gay men. they may or may not
perform in drag.
•
Femme queens – trans women
Keep in mind:
•
Ballroom isn’t just playing with gender, it is also
playing with class and racialized class inequality
Note on Offensive Language
•
Language varies by time period and culture.
Some words used freely in Paris is Burning are
today considered offensive slurs.
Content Warning: biological
essentialism, transphobia,
objectification of transfeminine bodies,
homophobic slur, nudity, trans death
Criticism of Paris is Burning
“So much of what is expressed in the film has to do with
questions of power and privilege and the way racism
impedes black progress… Here, the supposedly
‘outsider’ position is primarily located in the experience of
whiteness. Livingston appears unwilling to interrogate
the way assuming the position of outsider looking in, as
well as being interpreter, can, and often does, prevent
and distort one’s perspective.” – bell hooks
Criticism (cont.)
•
Livingston made her success on the film but
subjects did not receive a significant share of the
profits
•
Film overly focused on criminal behavior and
financial desperation despite existance of
community members more financially secure with
professional careers.
Lecture Card:
How do the ballroom performances play with
class and racialized class inequality?
Disidentification
• Term used by queer theorist José Esteban Muñoz.
Muñoz resists clear definition of “disidentification,”
redefining the term multiple times in his writing,
offering different variants. This makes it hard to
explain simply.
• At its core, disidentification is a tactic in which queer
people of color negotiate space within dominant
culture, neither outright rejecting nor conforming to
dominant culture.
• Example from Paris is Burning: Realness
Tragic Trans Narrative
•
How is Venus Xtravaganza’s death depicted?
•
Could Livingston have made a different choice
so as not to exploit and objectify her murder?
•
Trans women experience a disproportionate
amount of violence, particularly trans WOC. (28
recorded murders of trans women in 2017).
Madonna
•
•
•
Gay icon (in white gay male culture of the 90s and 2000s)
•
Support of gay community – 80s and 90s AIDS Activism
•
Queer representation in controversial videos
“Vogue” came out in 1990 (same year as Paris is Burning)

While Madonna does have queer men of color performing,
she centers herself in the video and vogue becomes
synonymous with Madonna to the mainstream and to white
gay culture.
•
“Justify My Love”
•
1990 Madonna music video
•
Banned from MTV for sexual content
•
Varied representations of queer sexuality
•
Content Warning: Lots of simulated sex, partial
nudity https://www.youtube.com/watch?
v=Np_Y740aReI
Week 4
Rocky Horror Picture Show
Response Paper #1
Analysis in relation to Genre
•
Cult
•
Hollywood
•
Documentary
Cult
• Not really a genre, but a status, due to the loyal and passionate
fan following.
• However, cult films tend to share common characteristics.
• Tend to be controversial and subversive in content.
• You might ask: how does this film challenge cultural
norms? Are social taboos depicted?
• Low-budget to the point of being cheesy. The low-budget
quality becomes part of the film’s charm.
• Camp, parody, satire
• Genre films – flops that do not have mass appeal but over time
develop a following as the niche audience discovers the film.
Documentary
Documentary films allow audiences to learn, think and feel about
the experiences of others. A critical viewer can analyze how these
films build those moments of learning, thinking and feeling in their
audiences. There are a number of sub-classifications
• Observational – (filmmaker is as absent as possible, wants to be
a fly on the wall, not influencing the events being filmed.)
• Expository – provides information and aims to teach or has an
argument and attempts persuade the audience.
• Participatory – filmmaker actively engages with the subjects and
the material (not just asking questions, but a?ecting outcomes).
• Reflexive – focus is on the filmmaking itself.
• Poetic – filmmaker creates “feeling” more than a point. Aethetic
focus.
Documentary
It might be useful to think about these categories and where the
film falls in order to step away from the subject matter and
recognize what the filmmaker’s goals are.
Some questions to think about to understand how the
documentary is constructed?
•
•
•
•
•
What is the storyline the filmmaker is building?
Is there a narrative arc? How implicit or explicit is that arc?
What questions are asked during interviews?
Where do interviews take place?
How might editing choices build meaning (e.g. progression of
shots, the combination of visual shot and voice over)?
Hollywood Films
What is the general environment in Hollywood regarding
LGBTQ+ representation?
• Underrepresentation of LGBTQ+ experiences.
• LGBT characters that do exist are usually white and
rarely explored form an intersectional perspective.
• Despite many actors being LGBTQ-identified, many are
closeted, out LGBTQ actors are discriminated against.
• Homophobic and transphobic jokes still rampant in film
comedies
The films on the prompt DO focus on
lesbian and gay characters.
What are the conditions of these films?
Hollywood films have a tendency to feel ‘big’ in comparison
to independent films or television shows.
What is a big budget?
Black Panther had a budget of 200 million.
Brokeback Mountain – 14 million (178 million in box o?ce)
The Hours – 25 million production budget (108 million in
box o?ce)
Monster – 8 million (60 million box o?ce)
Milk – 20 million (56 million box o?ce)
(For comparison, But I’m a Cheerleader had a 1.2 million
budget and box o?ce success of 2.6 million.)
Who is telling the story?
Who is Watching?
•
Hollywood films are marketed to a generalized audience, requiring that
the stories feel universal. How are the queer characters written to feel
universal? Do you see markers of queerness that have been “erased”?
•
Who is telling the story? Hollywood films rarely provide an opportunity
for marginalized people to tell their own stories.
• Example: Brokeback Mountain
• Based on a short story written by Annie Proulx – a straight woman.
• Directed by Ang Lee – a straight man.
• The actors – neither Gyllenhaal nor Ledger identify as queer.
•
Star power: who are the actors? Are they well known?
Playing a gay character is often considered “brave.”
•
Background
•
•
•
•
1975 adaptation of the stage musical Rocky Horror
Show (Produced in London in 1972, on Broadway
1975, revived on Broadway in 2000)
Camp tribute of old sci-fi
Became a cult film/midnight movie, performing
midnight showings in NYC at the Waverly Theatre
Callback lines emerged and then greater level of
audience interaction.
Audience Interaction
•
•
•
Shadow Casts – silently perform the film in front of
the screen.
Callback lines are scripted. They developed over time
vary over the years and in different regions, but are
mostly the same.
Physical participation: Dancing the Time Warp and
props (props include a newspaper, toilet paper,
flashlight or glowstick, latex glove, rice).
Content Warning
Use of antiquated word “transvestite,” violence
(but not graphic, rather cheesy), ableism, sexually
suggestive from start to finish, but without nudity.
Think. Pair. Share.
Discuss your reactions/experience of the film, using the
guiding questions:
•
•
•
•
Who is being represented?
Who is being obscured or forgotten?
Who is the intended audience?
How do these performances fall into or challenge
stereotypes and established tropes?
Whose Film is this?
On the one hand, the film represents gender fluidity and
sexual freedom, a rejection of binaries and traditional
norms. Such messages are welcome across different
identifications within LGBTQ+ community.
On the other hand:
• White film
• Gay male focus
• Writer Richard O’Brien transmisogynistic
(discriminatory towards trans women)
David Bowie
Two points:
1. Bowie’s performances as queer art that
influenced and inspired generations of queer
people
2.Bowie as a public figure whose sexuality was
invasively questioned – and what that media
fixation did for queer people.
Ziggy Stardust and the Spiders from Mars
Queer Art:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=v–IqqusnNQ
Bowie as Public Figure
•
Bowie came out as gay in 1972.
•
In 1976 he came out/clarified his sexuality as bisexual.
•
Bowie came to regret coming out, because the media
wouldn’t stop asking him about his sexuality. He wasn’t
interested in being a political activist, he wanted to be
approached as an artist, not a sexual oddity.
•
Clip from a 1979 interview
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LwTFW4kfHl4 (Start
at 5:38)
Bi Erasure
•
Bisexuality is invisible – sexuality is inferred from
partner’s gender.
•
Biphoiba – bisexual people experience discrimination
from both mainstream culture and gay/lesbian
communities.
•
Belief that bisexuality isn’t real, is really gay but not fully
out of the closet. This is especially prevalent in relation
to bisexual men.
Why Does Bowie Being Out
as Bisexual Matter?
•
Because there is so little bisexual male repr …
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