Chapter 2Personality & athleteDef. of personalityTheories Social learning theory–Bandura (Trait theory)â??traits, dispositionsMeasurement of personality Rating scales Projective tests (Rorschach, TAT) Questionnaires (MMPI)Relationship between personality and sport performance:–Athletes versus nonathletesSchurr et al. (1977)Cooper (1969)Morgan (1980b)Personality and sport choiceProfessional cowboysElite rock climbersDevelopmental effects of athletic partic. on pers. Gravitational hypothesisPersonality sport type Body builders (1940s, 1950s versus Thirer & Greer–1981)Baseball, tennis SuperadherersPersonality & player position Volleyball positions Football positionsPersonality profiles of athletes differing in skill level Is there a difference?Female athlete Athletic femaleâ??similar toâ?¦Interactional modelfigure 2.3â??â??â??â??â??â??â??â??â??â??â??â??â??â??â??â??â??â??â??â??â??â??â??â??â??â??â??â?? â?¢ Explain the Personality & athlete â?¢ Define personality and describe the theories of sport psychology; Social learning theory (Bandura); Trait theoryâ??traits, dispositions â?¢ Discuss the types of measurements of personality: Rating scales, Projective tests (Rorschach, TAT), Questionnaires (MMPI) â?¢ Identify the relationship between personality and sport performance: Athletes versus nonathletes- Schurr et al. (1977), Cooper (1969), and Morgan (1980b) â?¢ Explain the comparison between personality and sport choice: professional cowboys, and Elite rock climbers â?¢ Discuss the developmental effects of athletic partic on personality and define the gravitational hypothesis â?¢ Classify personality on sport type as far as body builders (1940s, 1950s versus Thirer & Greer–1981), baseball, tennis, and superadherers â?¢ Explain personality & player position: Volleyball positions and Football positions and describe personality profiles of athletes differing in skill level; is there really a difference? â?¢ Discuss female athletes; athletic femaleâ??similar toâ?¦ and define and identify the interactional model (figure 2.3)NOTE: “Completing the outline, reading the textbook, reviewing the Power point, and completing the written assignment will allow you to meet the above learning objectives.” (K. Kardiasmenos, personal communication)Table of Contentsâ??â??â??â??â??â??â??â??â??â??â??â??â??â??â??â??â??â??â??â??â??â??â??â??â??â??â??â??â??â??â??â??â??â??â??You read in chapter two about many different research studies regarding the relationship between personality and sport. Some of the research talked about athletes versus nonathletes, while other research described personality factors that relate to certain sports, or to different levels of sports, or even to different positions played within one sport. Choose the research findings about any one of these that you found especially interesting. Thinking back over your life, please write a one-page, double-spaced essay explaining your views about these research results. Do you agree or disagree with them? Do they seem consistent with what you have experienced and seen in your life? Please support your answers by giving examples from your experience.Please be sure to answer these questions IN YOUR OWN WORDS, limit your answer to one double-spaced page, and edit your work carefully. Save your work in Microsoft Word before submitting it. This assignment is worth 2.5% of your overall course grade.
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Personality as a Core
Characteristic of the Individual
Â© 2012 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
â?¢ Personality is all the consistent ways in
which the behavior of one person differs
from that of others, especially in social
Theories of Personality
Social Learning Theory
Jungâ??s Theory of Personality
The Measurement of Personality
â?¢ Rating Scales
â?¢ Unstructured Projective Procedures
– Rorschach Test
– Thematic Apperception Test
â?¢ Structured Questionnaires â?? See following
â?¢ Minnesota Multiphasic Personality
â?¢ Cattellâ??s 16 Factor Personality Inventory.
â?¢ NEO-Five Factor Personality Inventory.
â?¢ Myers-Briggs Type Indicator.
Questionnaires for Athletes
Athletic Motivation Inventory
Winning Profile Athletic Instrument
Troutwine Athletic Profile
Emotional Intelligence Scales:
Emotional Intelligence Scale (disposition)
Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test
â?¢ Dispositional Resilience Scale
Personality and Sport
Athletes Versus Nonathletes.
Personality Sport Type.
Player Position and Personality Profile.
Personality Profiles of Athletes Differing in
Skill Level (see athletic pyramid).
â?¢ The Female Athlete.
â?¢ As skill level increases, personality
â?¢ As skill level decreases, personality
â?¢ See figure 2.2.
â?¢ Information about personality (P) plus
information about the environmental
situation (S) plus the interaction between
the two is a better predictor of athlete
behavior (B) than personality or the
situation alone (Figure 2.3).
â?¢ Behavior = P S P x S Error
The Personality Paradox
â?¢ Situation Specificity – In many situations the
strength of the environmental conditions are so
strong that the influence of the personality is
â?¢ Personality Paradox â?? The athleteâ??s personality
is relatively stable, yet actual athlete behavior is
variable due to powerful environmental
â?¢ Personality Paradox and CAPS – CAPS is a
model that helps to explain the paradox.
â?¢ Cognitive-Affective Processing System According to CAPS, an individualsâ?? personal
interacts with the environment to determine the
behavioral response (performance).
â?¢ CAPS Filter – A five element filter system
determines resultant behavior (figure 2.4).
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