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Day Laboring:
1. Given that justice can be known from the experience of injustice, what does the
experience of the Mexican immigrants in Farmingville say about justice?
Given that justice can be known from the experience of injustice, the experience of the Mexican
immigrants in Farmingville would say that justice is hard to be achieved for you when you are an
immigrant looking for a decent life and a decent job. It was not fair that Mexican immigrants
receive lower pay than those of the citizens. Mexican immigrants are doing the same hard work
for a very small pay, which can be considered an injustice, knowing that the citizens will receive
higher salaries for the same jobs.
For the immigrants, as their salaries are hardly enough for them to use on rents, they live in big
numbers in units that donâ??t permit such numbers of residents. This is because they donâ??t receive
the salaries the other receive.
2. Justice is something that continues to take root and flourish. In this case, though,
polarization seems to have preempted solidarity, or has it? Why or why not?
Yes, in this case polarization preempted solidarity because these Mexican immigrants were
treated differently. They were treated like an unliked minority. They did not feel accepted by the
community they were exhibiting. The Mexicans risked their lives just to work for a decent life
and make a living as they have families but they were not accepted by the community.
3. Sacred scripture reveals a God who has a special love for the â??lost, last, and the least.â?
How do the Mexicans compared with the anawim that the Judeo-Christian Scriptures
referred to as highly favored by God?
Mexicans are compared with the anawim because they are also poor and the community looks
them down. Based on that the scripture reveals, they are highly favored by God because they are
facing injustices from the majority of the people in the society.
4. What are the risks that undocumented immigrants take by staying in Farmingville and
not applying for citizenship?
The risks that undocumented immigrants take by staying in Farmingville and not applying for
citizenship are many. First, they might be deported as soon as they are known about. They might
be viewed as dangerous and harmful by the community. They may also find difficulty when
looking for jobs because employers don’t want to hire illegal immigrants. Even if they
jobs, they might be paid less than the minimum wages.
5. The United States is a land of immigrants. Why do some in the United States proudly
acknowledge this and yet not accept immigrants in their neighborhoods?
The majority of the people living in the United States can be considered immigrants. Some in the
United States do proudly acknowledge this yet not accept immigrants in their neighborhoods
because they are lacking empathy and solidarity. After they figured their way out in the U.S and
settled for a decent life they became intolerant for the new poor coming from other countries.
They donâ??t view themselves as immigrants anymore and they are blind to see how this country is
open for all and for everyone. They just repeat what makes them feel better about themselves but
at the same time they donâ??t welcome those people. They view themselves as insiders while they
view immigrants as outsiders.
6. Consider this case on immigration as the â??seeâ? in the see-the-judge-act methodology CST
uses to assess unjust political, social, and economic situations. What principles would you
consider as helpful as an evaluative lens to judge this situation? What kind of action would
you propose given what you see and judge?
The principle of equal liberty is a good way to judge the situation of immigrants from Mexico.
Seeing that these immigrants experience unequal treatment, very low salary, poor working
conditions, and even poor standard of living, people should act according to the principle of
liberty. By doing this, people will begin to realize that the immigrants are also people like them
and they are free to live wherever they want to live and they should not be segregated from the
society. The principle of equal liberty will also tell to the business owners that immigrants should
have fair treatment and have a livable salary in which they can have a good shelter and buy all
the things they need to buy from their salary so that they can live well. The action should be
more laws for anti-discrimination of immigrants and programs to help immigrants have more
education and skills since they will contribute in the workforce and the economy can also benefit
from them.
Sweet Justice or Sour Dough?
1. Some financial analysts have suggested that the privately held Hostess Brands, Inc. is a
brilliant example of vulture capitalism perpetuated by Wall Street hedge fund managers.
Lots of money was made, particularly in the end. Does an understanding of justice
informed by CST support amassing of such wealth. Why or why not?
The understanding of justice informed by CST does not support amassing of such wealth. First of
all, this resulted to the employees at the bottom having very low salaries and not so good
working conditions that is why they created unions. While the employees are laid off and there
are cuts in salaries, the CEOs and other top executives are enjoying increased pay and benefit.
This is not a sweet justice according to CST because only those at the top benefited from it. The
majority of the workers worked long hours for the company and they are so many but they are
only working so the top executives can enjoy high pay and huge benefits and the people at the
bottom suffer.
2. Who is to blame for the demise of Hostess? Explain whether you believe management or
unions are more responsible for the shuttering of Hostess.
To me, management is to blame for what happened. First of all, the company is already old and it
lasted for a long time which could mean that they might still be using the old equipment from
before and not advancing their technology. This could be a problem because they do not want to
spend more on equipment and technology and that means they are not being innovative. They are
also mismanaging the funds and not using the funds wisely for the company to be fair to
everyone. The unions are just responding to the situation and if there are treated well, there is no
need for a union.
3. Does union leadership have any sort of fiduciary responsibility toward fired Hostess
workers? Why or why not?
Yes, they have responsibility for these workers because the unions were created for the workers
so they will have fair treatment in the industry. The leaders are expected to do their best to care
for their members and give any help they can to make sure that the workers are treated well.
There were other ways that they could show their disappointments without hurting the company
because when they strike and do not work, the company will not have profit and all of them will
4. Could union leadership have used other means to avoid losing this worksite?
Union leadership can actually use other means to avoid losing the worksite. They can talk
properly with the management and show their concerns and also show the steps they will do if
the management will not do any action. They have to understand each other and try to make the
decision favor both of them. If the decision will only favor one, it will not be good because the
relationship will not be good and mutual.
5. Do you believe that Apollo Global Management and Metropoulos & Company
made the decision to hire only nonunion workers too quickly? Why or why not?
Yes, it was too quick. They should investigate first why there are unions. If the management will
manage the company well and the workers will be treated well, these union workers will support
the company more. These union workers only look for justice and they join themselves together
to help each other reach justice.
6. Consider this case on unions as the â??seeâ? in the see-judge-act methodology CST uses to
assess political, social, and economic situations. What principles would you consider as
helpful as an evaluative lens to judge this situation? What kind of action would you
propose give what you see and judge?
The kind of action I would propose is that justice demands a just wage. The workers are people
and they have families just like the CEOs. They have to support their families and earn for their
families. That is why a just wage is needed. It is not just that a company will not give appropriate
wages to workers just because it has spent majority of its money paying to the CEO and top
executives. It is not fair to decrease the salary of the workers while increasing the salary of the
CEO three times. Some CEOs even volunteer to cut their wages just so the workers will have
higher take home pay. The action here should be a just wage for everyone and the CEO in all
American companies should be just and think about the employees and not just themselves.
There should be a rule that CEOs cannot earn more than 20 times of average employee or
something like that.
Case Study # 1: Toyota Motor Corporation and Employee â??Suggestionâ? System
1. What elements of the principle of subsidiarity do you see or not see in the differences
between the GM and Toyota systems?
The elements of the principle of subsidiarity I see in the difference between the GM and Toyota
systems is that Toyotaâ??s system displays the principle of subsidiarity that is not present in the
GM system. US employees who went to Japan for two weeks examined the power of subsidiarity
and how employees are treated as equals to raise the human dignity in the workplace. Thinking
that 96% of the suggestions of the employees are implements shows that Toyota really values
their employees and think of them as experts in what they do.
2. In the context of this case, how is the human dignity related to the principle of
The human dignity is related to the principle of subsidiarity in a way that Toyotaâ??s application of
subsidiarity created an environment in the company in which the employees at the bottom are
respected as well as those who are highly ranked. They are very eager to give suggestions to
contribute to the company because they know that the company really listens to their suggestions
and implements them. In this way, the employees felt that they play an important part of the
system of Toyota and as a result valued the company and work to make it a successful one.
3. In the context, of this case, how does the implementation of systems consistent with the
principle of subsidiarity relate to productivity and profitability?
When employees make decisions for the company, the quality becomes better and there are
fewer issues in the company since everyone help to solve the problem and contribute to the
companyâ??s success. With better quality and less issues in the production, the company increases
its productivity and profitability. Toyota had the biggest revenue in car sales compared to its
competitors. By building quality cars in large volume, they are able to create quality cars that are
cheaper than most of their competitors and cars that consumers can trust to last for a long time.
Also, the treatment and respect the employees receive helped the company to win their
employeesâ?? loyalty and trust, which resulted in better work for the company.
4. Are there other principles from CST that can be applied to this case?
Other principles of CST that can be applied to this case include solidarity and good stewardship.
They employees and managers work together which shows that they have one purpose and that
they are working all together toward achieving that purpose. That shows their solidarity. Good
stewardship is also applicable in the case, as Toyota becomes good steward when they focus on
quality first and not quantity. In that way, they are taking care of the safety of their vehicles and
make sure that the lives of the consumers are safe. They also take good care of their employees
and innovate their products so they will not cause much harm in the environment.
Case #2: Homeboy Industries
1. What elements of the principle of subsidiarity do you see present in Fr. Gregâ??s approach
to gang issues in his parish neighborhood?
What is good about Fr. Gregâ??s approach is that he did not look at the gang members as problems
in the society but he looked at them at poor people who need help and who need jobs. He
understands that these people sometimes have no chances but to join in gangs and be part of
crimes in order for them to survive. When he helped in creating jobs for the gang members and
helped in creating Homeboy Industries, he helped the poor people to have decent jobs.
2. How is the principle of subsidiarity evident in the exchange with the Hollywood director
who wants to help?
The principle of subsidiarity is evident when Fr. Greg did not accept the Hollywood directorâ??s
suggestions. In the end, the Hollywood director asked Fr. Greg for suggestions on how he can
help the gangsters have better lives. Involving Fr. Greg in the decision to the gangsters applies
the principle of subsidiarity.
3. How is the principle of subsidiarity evident in Fr. Gregâ??s approach to spreading the
Homeboy Industriesâ?? model to other communities?
When Fr. Greg wanted to spread the model of Homeboy Industries to other communities, he was
applying the principle of subsidiarity in which to let the people at the bottom decide for
themselves and participate in making the community better. Also, this is one way that Fr. Greg
shows his contribution to the society and proves that people at the bottom of the social class
ladder can join together to make the lives of the gangsters or the poor better.
4. Fr. Greg claims that the primary, but not only, need of gang members was employment.
How does this align with the principles of CST?
This aligns to the principle human dignity because people need employment for them to live and
have human dignity. When people start to lose their jobs, lose money, lose homes, then their
human dignity goes down. When people are employed and they can provide for themselves, their
human dignity goes up. This is also shows the principle of the common good as helping the
gangsters also benefit the common good because there will be less crimes in the street.

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