Please read the attachments below for the full assignment.

In Module Four, you learned about crimetrends and how to establish patterns topredict future behavior. In Module Five, youwill take a look at some of the majorcriminological theories that explain whypeople commit crime. These theories are animportant aspect of the research process, andthey will ultimately guide you in yourdecision-making process.There are many published assumptions thatoffer an explanation behind a personâ??smotivation to commit crime. A few of themost prevalent criminological theories used bycriminal justice professionals today are listedbelow.Rational choice theory offers theexplanation that people commit crimerationally after weighing their options.For example, after their options areweighed, they make the choice that thereward of the criminal act is worth therisk of punishment.Labeling theory takes a differentapproach by explaining that people aremore likely to be influenced by theclassifications of society. For example,someone convicted for breaking into carswould be labeled a criminal and thuswould be predisposed to commit thesame offense again. Whereas if anoffender is arrested but not convicted ofthe crime, they may be less likely tocommit the same type of crime.Deterrence theory assumes that peoplein society have some semblance ofrationality and are actively aware of theconsequences of their actions. Forexample, when an offender commits acrime, he or she expects certain rewardsfrom the incident. If crime is to bereduced, the punishment must be moresignificant than the potential reward forcommitting the crime.Deductive and inductive reasoning are alsoimportant to the field of criminal justice, asthey go hand in hand with qualitative andquantitative research methods. Deductivereasoning starts with a premise which youbelieve to be the truth. You then figure outother principles that would have to be truebased on your foundational premise. Inductivereasoning is quite the opposite, in that you arepresented with some data first. After the datais presented, you begin to draw generalconclusions on facts that can be taken fromthat data. You figure out which criminologicaltheory or theories you could apply to thedata.In deductive reasoning, you will frequently seequantitative research design, whereas withinductive reasoning you will see qualitativeresearch design.
cj_675_milestone_one_guidelines_and_rubric__1_.pdf

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CJ 675 Milestone One Guidelines and Rubric
Overview: For this milestone, you will prepare a draft of your final project that thoroughly addresses the items listed in the prompt. To complete this
assignment, you must complete the textbook reading assigned in Module Five and review the materials presented in Modules One through Five.
As a criminal justice leader, you will often be faced with making decisions that reflect not only on you but on your department as a whole. We often use tools
like statistics and crime trends to offer the best possible route to finding a solution and ultimately making a decision. The field of criminal justice is constantly
changing; new laws, policies, and procedures make situational, evidence-based decision making a complicated daily task. And it is nearly impossible to make an
informed decision without first researching the issues at play and leveraging the power of available data to determine the right solution for each particular
situation and organization.
You will assume the role of a leader within a criminal justice organization of your choice. Based on your chosen scenario, you will be presented with a specific
challenge that is emblematic of wider issues in contemporary criminal justice.
Prompt: Your task for Milestone One is to complete the Introduction, Theory and Methods, and Literature Review sections of your final project. You will be given
information (including this data set) for your scenario, but you must also conduct your own research on comparable organizations and trends in the field to
determine opportunities and external threats.
The following critical elements must be specifically addressed:
I.
Introduction: In this section, establish a context that provides your audience with any background information that is necessary for understanding your
proposal.
II.
Theory and Methods: In this section, explain the theoretical frameworks that underpin your analysis and proposed solution.
A. Identify foundational criminology theories that apply to your chosen organization and the challenge it faces. Draw connections between the
theories and your specific context that will ultimately support your analysis and your proposed solution.
B. Examine the strategic methods used by leaders in the field for approaching problems such as yours. For example, what do the current best
practices in the field suggest in terms of researching and investigating the issue? Highlight methods that support your proposal.
C. Similarly, identify best practices in the field for communicating with diverse audiences. Illustrate these practices with specific examples that will
ultimately support your communication plan.
III.
Literature Review: In this section, present all of the evidence that you have analyzed (including the provided data and your independent research) and
that will support your proposed solution.
A. Data Analysis: Using the provided data, determine any patterns and trends that are present. What meaning and significance can you glean from
the data?
B. Research: Present research on the issue that builds on the patterns and trends you identified in the data. For example, are there prior solutions
that similar organizations have implemented in addressing this type of issue? What meaning and significance can you glean from your research?
C. Root Causes: Based on your data analysis and independent research, explain what you believe to be the root causes of the issue. Logically justify
your conclusion using the evidence.
IV.
References: In this section, cite all of your sources using APA formatting.
Guidelines for Submission: Your draft must be a submitted as a 4- to 5-page Microsoft Word document with double spacing, 12-point Times New Roman font,
one-inch margins, and sources cited in APA format.
Critical Elements
Introduction
Theory and Methods:
Criminology Theories
Theory and Methods:
Strategic Methods
Theory and Methods:
Best Practices in
Communication
Literature Review:
Data Analysis
Literature Review:
Research
Exemplary (100%)
Meets â??Proficientâ? criteria and
introduction expertly balances
detail with the need for
concise, clear communication
Meets â??Proficientâ? criteria and
discussion reflects keen insight
into the strategic methods used
by leaders in the criminal
justice field
Meets â??Proficientâ? criteria and
examination reflects keen
insight into the strategic
methods used by leaders in the
criminal justice field
Meets â??Proficientâ? criteria and
illustration reflects keen insight
into the strategic methods used
by leaders in the criminal
justice field
Meets â??Proficientâ? criteria and
analysis reflects sophisticated
ability to interpret and
translate raw data into
meaningful information
Meets â??Proficientâ? criteria and
selection and application of
sources reflects advanced
research skills for the criminal
justice field
Proficient (90%)
Establishes a detailed context
that provides all background
information that is necessary
for understanding the proposal
Identifies and draws
connections between relevant
criminological theories and the
specific context in order to
support the proposal
Examines strategic methods
that apply to the specific
problem and highlights those
that are considered best
practice to support the
proposal
Identifies and illustrates best
practices in the field for
communicating with diverse
audiences
Determines accurate and
meaningful patterns and trends
in the data and explains their
significance in detail
Presents relevant, credible
research that supports the
proposal and builds on the
information gleaned from the
data
Needs Improvement (70%)
Discusses some background
information, but fails to fully
establish a detailed context for
the proposal
Discusses criminological theory,
but fails to select relevant
theories or connect them to the
specific context for supporting
the proposal
Discusses strategic methods
but fails to draw connections to
the specific problem, or selects
methods that would not be
considered best practice
Not Evident (0%)
Does not discuss background
information
Discusses practices for
communicating with diverse
audiences but does not identify
best practices, or does not fully
illustrate those practices
Discusses the patterns and
trends in the data, but makes
misguided interpretations or
fails to explain the significance
in detail
Presents research, but selected
sources have issues of
credibility or relevance or are
not properly used to build on
the data analysis and support
the proposal
Value
10
Does not discuss criminological
theories
10
Discusses strategic methods
but fails to draw connections to
the specific problem, or selects
methods that would not be
considered best practice
10
Does not discuss practices for
communicating with diverse
audiences
15
Does not discuss the patterns
and trends in the data
15
Does not discuss research into
the problem in question
15
Literature Review:
Root Causes
References
Articulation of
Response
Meets â??Proficientâ? criteria and
conclusion reflects
sophisticated ability to
interpret and translate raw
data into meaningful
information
Meets â??Proficientâ? criteria and
selection of source material
reflects advanced research
skills for the criminal justice
field
Submission is free of errors
related to citations, grammar,
spelling, syntax, and
organization and is presented in
a professional and easy to read
format
Presents a logical conclusion
about the root causes of the
problem based on the data
analysis and research
Presents a conclusion, but
there are gaps in logic or it is
not fully supported by the data
or research
Does not present a conclusion
about the root causes of the
problem in question
15
Includes a complete
bibliography of all references
used, which are all relevant and
credible, and follows APA
formatting
Submission has no major errors
related to citations, grammar,
spelling, syntax, or organization
Includes a bibliography, but it is
incomplete, contains irrelevant
or non-credible sources, or
does not fully follow APA
formatting
Submission has major errors
related to citations, grammar,
spelling, syntax, or organization
that negatively impact
readability and articulation of
main ideas
Does not include a bibliography
5
Submission has critical errors
related to citations, grammar,
spelling, syntax, or organization
that prevent understanding of
ideas
5
Total
100%
CJ 675 Milestone One Guidelines and Rubric
Overview: For this milestone, you will prepare a draft of your final project that thoroughly addresses the items listed in the prompt. To complete this
assignment, you must complete the textbook reading assigned in Module Five and review the materials presented in Modules One through Five.
As a criminal justice leader, you will often be faced with making decisions that reflect not only on you but on your department as a whole. We often use tools
like statistics and crime trends to offer the best possible route to finding a solution and ultimately making a decision. The field of criminal justice is constantly
changing; new laws, policies, and procedures make situational, evidence-based decision making a complicated daily task. And it is nearly impossible to make an
informed decision without first researching the issues at play and leveraging the power of available data to determine the right solution for each particular
situation and organization.
You will assume the role of a leader within a criminal justice organization of your choice. Based on your chosen scenario, you will be presented with a specific
challenge that is emblematic of wider issues in contemporary criminal justice.
Prompt: Your task for Milestone One is to complete the Introduction, Theory and Methods, and Literature Review sections of your final project. You will be given
information (including this data set) for your scenario, but you must also conduct your own research on comparable organizations and trends in the field to
determine opportunities and external threats.
The following critical elements must be specifically addressed:
I.
Introduction: In this section, establish a context that provides your audience with any background information that is necessary for understanding your
proposal.
II.
Theory and Methods: In this section, explain the theoretical frameworks that underpin your analysis and proposed solution.
A. Identify foundational criminology theories that apply to your chosen organization and the challenge it faces. Draw connections between the
theories and your specific context that will ultimately support your analysis and your proposed solution.
B. Examine the strategic methods used by leaders in the field for approaching problems such as yours. For example, what do the current best
practices in the field suggest in terms of researching and investigating the issue? Highlight methods that support your proposal.
C. Similarly, identify best practices in the field for communicating with diverse audiences. Illustrate these practices with specific examples that will
ultimately support your communication plan.
III.
Literature Review: In this section, present all of the evidence that you have analyzed (including the provided data and your independent research) and
that will support your proposed solution.
A. Data Analysis: Using the provided data, determine any patterns and trends that are present. What meaning and significance can you glean from
the data?
B. Research: Present research on the issue that builds on the patterns and trends you identified in the data. For example, are there prior solutions
that similar organizations have implemented in addressing this type of issue? What meaning and significance can you glean from your research?
C. Root Causes: Based on your data analysis and independent research, explain what you believe to be the root causes of the issue. Logically justify
your conclusion using the evidence.
IV.
References: In this section, cite all of your sources using APA formatting.
Guidelines for Submission: Your draft must be a submitted as a 4- to 5-page Microsoft Word document with double spacing, 12-point Times New Roman font,
one-inch margins, and sources cited in APA format.
Critical Elements
Introduction
Theory and Methods:
Criminology Theories
Theory and Methods:
Strategic Methods
Theory and Methods:
Best Practices in
Communication
Literature Review:
Data Analysis
Literature Review:
Research
Exemplary (100%)
Meets â??Proficientâ? criteria and
introduction expertly balances
detail with the need for
concise, clear communication
Meets â??Proficientâ? criteria and
discussion reflects keen insight
into the strategic methods used
by leaders in the criminal
justice field
Meets â??Proficientâ? criteria and
examination reflects keen
insight into the strategic
methods used by leaders in the
criminal justice field
Meets â??Proficientâ? criteria and
illustration reflects keen insight
into the strategic methods used
by leaders in the criminal
justice field
Meets â??Proficientâ? criteria and
analysis reflects sophisticated
ability to interpret and
translate raw data into
meaningful information
Meets â??Proficientâ? criteria and
selection and application of
sources reflects advanced
research skills for the criminal
justice field
Proficient (90%)
Establishes a detailed context
that provides all background
information that is necessary
for understanding the proposal
Identifies and draws
connections between relevant
criminological theories and the
specific context in order to
support the proposal
Examines strategic methods
that apply to the specific
problem and highlights those
that are considered best
practice to support the
proposal
Identifies and illustrates best
practices in the field for
communicating with diverse
audiences
Determines accurate and
meaningful patterns and trends
in the data and explains their
significance in detail
Presents relevant, credible
research that supports the
proposal and builds on the
information gleaned from the
data
Needs Improvement (70%)
Discusses some background
information, but fails to fully
establish a detailed context for
the proposal
Discusses criminological theory,
but fails to select relevant
theories or connect them to the
specific context for supporting
the proposal
Discusses strategic methods
but fails to draw connections to
the specific problem, or selects
methods that would not be
considered best practice
Not Evident (0%)
Does not discuss background
information
Discusses practices for
communicating with diverse
audiences but does not identify
best practices, or does not fully
illustrate those practices
Discusses the patterns and
trends in the data, but makes
misguided interpretations or
fails to explain the significance
in detail
Presents research, but selected
sources have issues of
credibility or relevance or are
not properly used to build on
the data analysis and support
the proposal
Value
10
Does not discuss criminological
theories
10
Discusses strategic methods
but fails to draw connections to
the specific problem, or selects
methods that would not be
considered best practice
10
Does not discuss practices for
communicating with diverse
audiences
15
Does not discuss the patterns
and trends in the data
15
Does not discuss research into
the problem in question
15
Literature Review:
Root Causes
References
Articulation of
Response
Meets â??Proficientâ? criteria and
conclusion reflects
sophisticated ability to
interpret and translate raw
data into meaningful
information
Meets â??Proficientâ? criteria and
selection of source material
reflects advanced research
skills for the criminal justice
field
Submission is free of errors
related to citations, grammar,
spelling, syntax, and
organization and is presented in
a professional and easy to read
format
Presents a logical conclusion
about the root causes of the
problem based on the data
analysis and research
Presents a conclusion, but
there are gaps in logic or it is
not fully supported by the data
or research
Does not present a conclusion
about the root causes of the
problem in question
15
Includes a complete
bibliography of all references
used, which are all relevant and
credible, and follows APA
formatting
Submission has no major errors
related to citations, grammar,
spelling, syntax, or organization
Includes a bibliography, but it is
incomplete, contains irrelevant
or non-credible sources, or
does not fully follow APA
formatting
Submission has major errors
related to citations, grammar,
spelling, syntax, or organization
that negatively impact
readability and articulation of
main ideas
Does not include a bibliography
5
Submission has critical errors
related to citations, grammar,
spelling, syntax, or organization
that prevent understanding of
ideas
5
Total
100%

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