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I need you to do an outline and PowerPoint Presentation The formal outline for your presentation on your research topic. You will find the Research in the uploaded file blow This is a document that provides the structure of your presentation and a topical outline of the major areas of presentation in the sequence of coverage. Medical Ethics Research Presentation â?? Outline & Final SourcesOutline must be submitted in advance of the presentation. Requires citations to your sources and a complete list of all sources in APA format. Notes:* Make sure you do PowerPoint slides and please provide notes for each slide.* please avoid plagiarism.
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Running Head: AUTONOMY AND OPTIONS
1
Autonomy and Options
Name
Institutional Affiliations
Instructor
Date
AUTONOMY AND OPTIONS
2
Abortion: Autonomy and Options
Abstract
The principle of autonomy states as the rationale that people should be allowed to portray selfdetermining factor. With regards to the autonomy formulation, several people act autonomously
when the actions lead to their options and decision making. The view of autonomy nature, as
well as its alternatives through the recognition of the involvements of being a person, is based on
sharing the several significances and moral theories of the possibilities. Autonomy concerns with
more than freedom from the constraint with regards to decision making. With independence and
options, there should be the existence of the definite possibilities to provide alternatives for
decisions and where the decisions are based. A female person depending on the Medicaid and
staying within the states whereby the Medicaid funds cannot be fully accessed to finance the
abortion cases may be limited to those options of performing the abortion. The principle
regarding respect for autonomy and prospects is also invoked with the discussions concerning
confidentiality, privacy, fidelity as well as truth-telling. To explain and the individualsâ??
autonomy and options, people take their ideas seriously that they are often placed within the
interpersonal associations alongside the larger social surroundings, thus having a pervasive
influence. The relational reports assist in encouraging the medical officials in considerations to
the aborting patientsâ?? autonomy and options in decision-making processes especially in those
situations beyond the decision making involvement.
AUTONOMY AND OPTIONS
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Introduction
The principle of autonomy states as the rationale that people should be allowed to portray
self-determining factor. With regards to the autonomy formulation, several people act
autonomously when the actions lead to their options and decision making. Therefore, the term
autonomy together with the self-determination is similar. Freedom is related to the status that
people ascribe towards the rational humans like people in regards to the morally considered
sense. Based on autonomy and options, people become dedicated to the fact that they depend on
their nature and are more qualified to make decisions through the possible choices regarding
their best interest. With regards to the Kantâ??s theory and terms, individuals are ends in
themselves and not ways of the different purposes available. Therefore, they gain the inherent
worth which benefits them with the duty of having respect from the others as they are ordinary
sections of the global to be manipulated depending on the decisions of other people. Denying an
individual autonomy regards treating the person without considering him or her as a person.
The view of an autonomous nature, as well as its options through the recognition of the
involvements of being a person, is based on sharing the several significances and moral theories
of the possibilities. The significant part of every method concerns with the concept based on the
rational person acting as a moral agent who possesses the actual worth. The moral responsibility,
on the other hand, regards the assumptions that the autonomy agents are free to examine their
options to pursue their personal goals. The significant of autonomy is not only the condition for
their moral responsibility but also supports the individuals to share and organize their lives
through autonomy exercise. Therefore, to act autonomously, an individual is required to make
decisions at a personal level regarding the available options (Sherwin, 2018). Most decisions
made by individuals do not occur outside the context but receives influence from the people
AUTONOMY AND OPTIONS
4
living in the surrounding. The paper, therefore, considers the autonomy options and how it
affects the individualsâ?? decision making within the globe, especially with regards to the medical
care surrounding.
Autonomy and Options
Autonomy concerns with more than freedom from the constraint directed towards
decision making. With independence and options, there should be the existence of the definite
possibilities to provide alternatives for decisions and where the decisions are based. The forced
options offer no opportunity generally, and any individual who appears within the position of
taking what he or she is capable of getting can hardly be considered as the self-determined or
excising free choices. Within the society, economic as well as the social conditions frequently
reduce the options available within the field of Medical care (Macleod et al., 2017). Considering
the general rule, the unfortunate group of individuals does not possess the similar choices which
are available in their possession like the rich people. Some people are adequately insured and
appear financially well off, thus might be assisted by the heart transplant. The involved
individuals are capable of deciding whether or not to carry out and experience the risk of having
the heart transplant. The experience is an option which is not available for an individual who has
been uninsured in addition to being poor.
A female person depending on the Medicaid and staying within the states whereby the
Medicaid funds cannot be fully accessed to finance the abortion cases may be limited to those
options of performing the abortion. Therefore, her choices become unavailable and not genuine
due to lack of means by which she can implement the decision and option. The situation is
merely different for the middle-class female experiencing the same question. The lady may offer
AUTONOMY AND OPTIONS
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personal choices against performing abortions, however, whatever the woman decides, her
determination becomes real. Therefore, the woman becomes autonomous through the way in
which the poor lady does not.
The people had a belief that different goal of specific societies concerns with promoting
as well as protecting the autonomy regarding the people with frequently arguing that they must
perform more in offering all persons similar ways of healthcare alternatives. In case individuals
fail to follow the suggestions of the community, then the society also cannot be the one whereby
people acquire equal levels of autonomy. Regarding the real sense and thoughts, the wealthy
individuals obtain greater freedom of action as compared to the individuals who are poor.
Autonomy and options regard the personal levels of decision making and are widely
valued. Most people have different thoughts which relate to the preference of the autonomy
alternatives as to the way their look-outs supports shaping their own lives with the control of
other individuals. Identification of the specific vulnerability regarding the patientsâ?? autonomy
and options has highlighted the involvement of respect for the sovereignty alternatives as the
main concern within the biomedical ethics. Some current limitations and ideas concerning
autonomy and options are related to the individualsâ?? decisions within the healthcare. The
understanding of the autonomy and options principle provides the importance concerning the
social relations, the alternative, and autonomy capability. The importance experiences subjection
to assistance that the clinicians persistently become exposed to in recognizing how their
relationships together with the interactions with the patients who plan to have abortions can
either impair or enable patientsâ?? autonomy.
Prevailing ideas for autonomy and options
AUTONOMY AND OPTIONS
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Through considerations to the respect for independence and opportunities within the
healthcare, the contexts majorly focus on different situations whereby different decisions are
required to be made on the healthcare interventions. The principle regarding respect for
independence and options also undergoes invocation with the arguments concerning, privacy,
fidelity as well as truth-telling. However, the ideas are more strongly related to the facts that the
abortion subjects should be permitted to create the autonomous-affiliated decisions concerning
their healthcare with the available alternatives (Stirrat, 2005). Independent choices regard
intentionally considering different options to perform the abortion act and a substantial
understanding in addition to the freedom from the controlling influences.
Several criticisms have occurred about the general respect for autonomy and options with
some being more fairly optimized against the precise knowledge of the principle that some
instances rise in practice than discussing it. They majorly indict the culture that gives more
emphasis on the provision and allowances of choices than enabling the acquainted decisionmaking more notably regarding the idea that depicts ample admiration for autonomy and
alternatives obliges the clinicians to advise their patients concerning the health care options and
sit back to abide with their prospects. Moreover, the concerns of outline furthermore vigorously
apply to the clear understandings of the regard for autonomy and prospects and emphasize on the
value of independence. However, the free and opportunities for decision making portrays a
substantial scope for improvement of the patient specifications and choice (Stirrat, 2005).
The idea in place that patients should be provided with options as well as being granted
the space to make personal choices concerning the potentially necessary medical care arbitrations
is more significant. It always dismays some of the inapt paternalism alongside protecting the
hospital clients from the unwanted responses. For instance, allowing individuals to decline
AUTONOMY AND OPTIONS
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abortion that they may consider most troublesome than beneficial. Having an idea that patients
need to be permitted in making their informed decisions on the considerable options available
encourages the attention of the individualsâ?? understanding based on the health care choices. The
idea also helps the developmental as well as the use of potentially autonomy and options to
enhance the patientsâ?? decision aids.
The strong relations of respect for autonomy and options regarding the idea of making
decisions also portrays different negative implications whereby the focus on decision making
distracts the attention from the other significant autonomy- oriented problems. Notably, an
emphasis concerning the value of patientsâ?? independence in making choices from the alternatives
is considered (Unnithan, 2018). The strong dedication to the optionsâ?? decisions can impair the
clinical identification of the autonomy limitations that some patients acquire. The principle of
autonomy excludes individuals who do not appear competent from the principal protection
concerning autonomy. In case the clinicians do not become inclined on offering and allowing the
choice than enabling the patients to give their preferences, the principle can then fail to protect
the competent patients but the ones who struggle to make decisions between the healthcare
options since there is lack of confidence. They may also portray lack of surety on the kind of
possibility to decide on and generate personal conflicts on the priorities with anticipated blaming
on themselves in case there are poor results.
The patients carrying out abortion and require several options to undergo the process may
feel abandoned instead of autonomous in case their clinicians refuse to make them aware of the
other options on which they can make choices on.
AUTONOMY AND OPTIONS
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With the strong focus on the decisions making which can result in the neglect of the other
cases whereby patients have issues with autonomy. Mostly the discussions regarding the respect
for independence and options rarely consider the health care choices implementations with
significance in self-management implications with inclusions to the health-oriented and lifestyle
changes. Therefore, the healthcare officials who are seeking to give respect to their abortion
patientsâ?? autonomy and options may fail to gain the inclination in attending to the challenges
related to the weaknesses of will and limited executive function. The function results to
impairing of the individual’s efforts of enacting their preferred behaviors as well as to achieve the
patient’s health associated objectives like persisting with aborting through use of drugs, manually
or plans to control the abortion complications.
Finally, the firm dedication to the decisions made from the options available can distract
the patientsâ?? attention towards healthcare practices which might undermine the individualsâ??
autonomy through reducing their scope as well as the confidence of acting. The society
individuals who imposed to the available options may fear to challenge the ones whom they
depend on their care. Clinical taxed behavioral choices on abortion may as well become
oppressive. Therefore, women are mostly required to carry out the shifting of their priorities,
change the lifestyles in addition to submitting their judgmental monitoring through the medical
professionals with regards to health options considerations. Furthermore, more relational
knowledge regarding autonomy acts to encourage the involved abortion issues within the
hospital environments.
AUTONOMY AND OPTIONS
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Relational accounts of autonomy and options
The basic understanding of the personal independence and opportunities is shared with
the relational statements such as an individualâ??s sharing his or her own life in addition to the
shaping. To explain and the individualsâ?? autonomy and options, people take their ideas seriously
that they are often placed within the interpersonal associations alongside the larger social
surroundings, thus having a pervasive influence. Relational accounts are dependent, though; all
provide emphasis on the importance of the autonomy and options of the personsâ?? relationships
with the other individuals in the socio-cultural systems.
Because the relational knowledge regarding autonomy and options focuses on accepting
the persuasiveness of the social influences, they seem to de-emphasize the independent sector of
decision making. The involved factors encourage the abortion patients to consider the
interdependence as well as inquire the way and the reason as to why different forms social
options affect the past present and can give support or undermining the patientâ??s ability to live
his or her own life in a personal way (Beer, 2017). However, the answer to what belongs to the
individuals remains difficult, though the relational accounts identify that people can acquire
multiple, dynamic and self-identifies due to their belongings to the several options of several
groups and diverse functions within the environment.
The individual capability for autonomy and opportunities with concerns to the aborting
patients in the healthcare is socially and also situational shaped. The cultural beliefs and the
social structures, as well as the practices within the medical care, affect the lives of the patients
in addition to their identities regarded as valuable and the possibility for the organization. The
AUTONOMY AND OPTIONS
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involved ideas are capably assists in distinguishing of the autonomy supporting based on the
independence of underlying social influences.
Several factors are contributing towards the autonomy and options together with
decision-making capability with inclusions to self-development skills, the scope for actions in
the social context and self-evaluations. Concerning the self-developed abilities, the relational
account gives suggestions to several everyday shape skills required to practice autonomy and
options (Vernooij-Dassen et al., 2005). For discovering, explaining and directing personal
individuals, there is need of recalling and reflecting the experiences, generating their ideas and
opportunities concerning the next course of action, memorize the possible consequences and
express as well as listening to the reasons alongside concerns. Through autonomy selfvaluations, various relational accounts concerns with the justified positive self-evaluations as
crucial for autonomy and options. With regards to the scope for action within the social context,
the relational accounts vary with the different extent of specifications especially the social
conditions as considered for the exercise of autonomy. However, the interpersonal, as well as the
broader social relations in addition to the social structures, can capably exert the less and more
direct influences regarding the options of which individuals acquire.
Implications of Relational accounts on clinical practice of autonomy and options
The relational reports assist in encouraging the medical officials in considerations to the
aborting patientsâ?? autonomy and options in decision-making processes especially in those
situations beyond the decision making involvement. The accounts can probably help in
considering the way illness and how the healthcare practices can impact the patientsâ?? autonomy
and options positively or negatively, through their significances on the autonomy capability
AUTONOMY AND OPTIONS
11
together with the values and choices. A comprehensive understanding that aborting women and
their illnesses can affect autonomy through challenging their life plans, distracting self-identities
and necessitating the changes within the relationships with the options involved. Based on the
relational thinking, the illnesses that the women are subjected when having the abortion with
lack of provided options by the health officials can result to impairing of the autonomy through
restricting the self-developed skills, undermining self-evaluations as well as having its effects
mediated by the social beliefs and practices. Especially the facet actualizes when the symptoms
and diagnostic levels are stigmatizing and disabling due to lack of free methods of addressing the
issue.
Significantly, relational accounts take people towards considerations of the medical care
interactions together with the health services as one of the social processes and context used to
exuberate and alleviate the implications concerning the illness for autonomy lacking several
options. Therefore, clinical interactions support the independence of individuals having
challenging symptoms, treatments, and diagnosis through assisting them in forming, maintaining
and re-establishing the self-identities and options they are comfortable with as well as dealing
with social stigma and emotions. The thinking will then supports the individualsâ?? develop their
livesâ?? through involving different alternatives in making decisions and incorporating their
conditions as autonomy-supportive.
Dismissive and the negative, judgmental comments on abortion illnesses without
exposing the involved individuals to the different options can impair the autonomy together with
signifying disrespect for the victim. Within the healthcare, ignoring and denying weak women
the reports of symptoms and concerns and shows the annoyance concerns on the patient becomes
AUTONOMY AND OPTIONS
12
burdensome for the hospital self-identity and undermining the autonomy capability. The result
leads to negative implications of the autonomy beyond the particular medic care.
Relational accounts can capably enrich the thinking of the treatment and decision-making
processes. They give encouragements and considerations to the way health officials inform the
women about the menu options and concerning the type of opportunity available or unavailable
as well as the reasons for their unavailability. The accounts appear to give encouragements to the
questions on whether or how the health heads assess the external influences in association to
their autonomy. However, the clinicians can, therefore, give attention to the values alongside …
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