Writing Annotated Bibliography

I’m doing a project proposal about UDC security and safety campuses, i will focus on Emergency Call Box/Live Safe app, provided by the university (UDC) However, there is a lack of stakeholder awareness regarding the tools available to them, which lets students to feel unsafe sometimes on campus, so my proposal will focus on the need improve adoption of these tools provided by the university. So, do annotated Bibliography about the two resource I’m using for my project (use APA format):Write the annotated Bibliography in one page, and the reference in another page. -one of the resource I’m using is the UDC website, what is available on the website about Safety and security https://www.udc.edu/public-safety/ : Office of Public Safety and Emergency Management (I’m using all the data and features available in the website about safety and security)https://www.udc.edu/public-safety/emergency-manage…-The second resource I’m using is a PDF about the university annual security report which i found it in the university website (Its attached).

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Message from Chief Foster ………………… 2
About the University …………………………. 2
About this Publication ……………………….. 3
The Clery Act ……………………………………. 3
About OPSEM…………………………………… 3
Commendations & Complaints …………… 5
OPSEM and University Services ………….. 5
Crime Awareness & Crime Prevention …. 7
Timely Warningsâ??Campus Alerts……….. 8
University Support Programs ……………… 9
University Policy Statements ……………. 10
Campus Sex Crime ………………………….. 14
Reporting Crime and Collecting Data …. 14
Campus Security Authorities …………….. 15
Sexual Assault, Domestic Violence, Dating
Violence, and Stalking ……………………… 16
Title IX …………………………………………… 25
On behalf of the Public Safety and Emergency Management Team, it is my distinct
pleasure to present to you the 2017 Annual Security Report (ASR). The 2017 ASR
contains important information about the role of Public Safety on campus, safety
resources and crime statistics. As you will see, the statistics demonstrate that the
University has an extremely safe campus, and in fact we were recently awarded the
distinction by ADT Security Services of being the Safest College Campus in the
Nationsâ?? Capital and we believe that this is based in part on the combined efforts of
many University departments and members of the University community. Safety is
truly a shared responsibility, and we rely on each member of our community to
participate by reporting suspicious activities and using common sense when carrying
out daily activities. As a 24-hours-a-day, seven-days-a-week operation, the Office of
Public Safety and Emergency Management (OPSEM) is always here to serve.
During the past year, OPSEM has increased the overall number of sworn officers in
our department, added additional integrated security technologies and continued to
implement physical security standards to ensure uniformity across university
It is our hope that these enhancements we will continue to sustain and even exceed
the level of safety and security provided to the university system. We will continue to
partner, solve problems, and share information concerning upcoming police and
community events, as well as crime trends and alerts, to maintain a high level of
preparedness. We are certain that after reading this document, you will have a better
understanding of the safety and security services provided to the campus community.
Please join us in these efforts in maintaining a safe community by reading this report
and referring to it often.
Sexual Assault Resources …………………. 26
Education, Prevention & Awareness ….. 28
Reportable Crimes & Definitions ………. 30
Safety Tips ……………………………………… 33
Campus Locations/Map …………………… 34
Emergency Call Box Locations …………… 35
Crime Statistics ………………………… 36 – 40
Important Contacts …………………………. 41
The University of the District of Columbia (UDC) is the only public university in
Washington, D.C. and the nationâ??s only exclusively urban land-grant institution.
In living up to its mission of continuous enhancement of its academic programs and
outreach to District and world citizens, the University established the University of
the District of Columbia Community College (UDC-CC) in 2009. In addition to its twoyear associate degree programs, UDC-CC offers a variety of practical, non-academic
educational programs and training to the residents of the District of Columbia and
prepares students for immediate entry into the workforce, for the next level of
education, for specialized employment opportunities, and for lifelong learning.
Now celebrating its 41st year, the University has emerged as an advanced public system of higher learning that includes the
Community College, and offers more than 80 undergraduate and graduate academic degree programs through the College
of Arts and Sciences(CAS), the School of Business and Public Administration (SBPA), the School of Engineering and Applied
Sciences (SEAS), the College of Agriculture, Urban Sustainability and Environmental Sciences (CAUSES), and the University of
the District of Columbia David A. Clarke School of Law â?? one of only six accredited HBCU law schools in the nation, which is
also regarded as one of the finest public interest law schools in the country. The enrollment at the University is 5100.
Accredited by the Middle States Commission on Higher Education and under the leadership of President Ronald Mason, Jr.,
the University has launched a new chapter of quality, affordability and diversity. Guided by core values of excellence,
innovation, integrity, collaboration and sustainability, the University of the District of Columbia continues to evolve as an
advanced public system of higher education, creating pathways for success and bolstered by its motto:
Aspire. Accomplish. Take on the World.
In accordance with the 1990 Crime Awareness and Campus Security Act, OPSEM is responsible for preparing and publishing
an annual security report by October 1 of each year, for the purpose of disclosing and disseminating certain information
regarding campus crime statistics, security policies and campus law enforcement. In compliance with this federal law,
OPSEM makes public this information by way of the Annual Security Report. The publication is made available to current
and prospective students and employees, and is disseminated via the Universityâ??s website at http://www.udc.edu/police
(click on publications). Printed copies are available upon request from the OPSEM, located in Administration Building (39)
Room C04. The crime statistics for the University of the District of Columbia contained in this report are submitted to the
U.S. Department of Education (ED) through a web-based data collection system and can be viewed at the following website
The issue of campus safety is a vital concern. The Clery Act, originally known as the â??Crime Awareness and Campus Security
Act of 1990� is named in memory of Jeanne Ann Clery, a 19 year-old freshman who was raped and murdered at Lehigh
University, while asleep in her residence hall room on April 5, 1986. The intention of the Clery Act legislation (renamed the
Jeanne Clery Disclosure of Campus Security Policy and Campus Crime Statistics Act in 1998) is to provide students and their
families with accurate, complete and timely information about safety on campus.
This federal law is applicable to public and private institutions of higher education that participate in federal student
financial aid programs (under Title IV of the Higher Education Act of 1965), and is enforced by the U.S. Department of
Education (ED). Under federal mandate, this Act requires institutions to disclose certain information about campus safety
policies and procedures to current and prospective students and employees, and to provide statistical information
concerning certain crimes that occur on and near their campus. Other information mandated by this Act include statements
about campus law enforcement policies, campus security education and prevention programs, alcohol and drug policies,
fire safety and missing student reporting requirements, sexual assault education and prevention programs and procedures
for reporting and handling incidents involving sexual assault. The Act has undergone several legislative amendments since
its inception, primarily resulting in expanded reporting requirements for institutions of higher education.
4200 Connecticut Ave., N.W.
Administration Building 39, Room C04
Washington, DC 20008
Emergency Communications Center (ECC)
202.274.5050 (24/7/365)
OPSEM consists of professionally trained sworn police supervisors, officers, and civilian communication specialists. Patrol
Operations is the largest component of OPSEM, with a vast array of duties ranging from patrolling and investigating
complaints to staffing special events, and traffic control. Patrol operations consist of three overlapping shifts, with
individual command personnel who remain available to provide immediate response and direction for critical or
environmental hazards or emergencies. OPSEM personnel respond to and investigate all calls for service received by the
Department, whether criminal or non-criminal in nature, and both on and near the campus. OPSEMâ??s Emergency
Communication Center is operational and staffed 24 hours per day, 7 days per week, year round.
The OPSEM maintains positive and meaningful communications through sound partnerships with other District and local
emergency response agencies. OPSEM partners with a host of agencies ranging from the Districtâ??s Consortium of
Universities, to various other local, state, and federal law enforcement agencies; we rely on these various entities for
mutual support. Through these alliances, training opportunities, information sharing and other types of assistance are
rendered. OPSEM sustains an exceptional partnership with the DC Metropolitan Police Department (MPD).
When information is received regarding criminal activity involving a member of the University community occurring on or
near university properties, OPSEM will actively investigate and collaborate with MPD. Accordingly, MPD will communicate
with OPSEM on serious incidents occurring on or near the campus, and in particular, those incidents involving University
students or staff.
Finally, as a member of the Districtâ??s Consortium of Universities, OPSEM administrators support the MPDâ??s Joint Operations
Command Center (JOCC). Through this commitment, OPSEM members, on a rotational on-call basis, are called upon to staff
the JOCC in the event of a District-wide emergency. This type of interagency collaboration personifies the commitment of
the numerous emergency response agencies that service the District of Columbia community, of which OPSEM is proud to
be an active participant. OPSEM also has representation in the Washington Regional Threat Analysis Center (WRTAC).
OPSEM is a member of the Metropolitan Washington Council of Governments and serves on the Police Chiefs Committee
and the Police Intel Subcommittee. OPSEM is a part of the Memorandum of Understanding for the Greater Metropolitan
Washington Area Inter-Jurisdictional Mutual Aid Communications.
OPSEM sworn members are commissioned through the DC Metropolitan Police Department (MPD), pursuant to the
provisions of DC Code § 5.129.02., the College and University Campus Security Amendment Act of 1995 (DCMR Title 6A).
UDC Police Officers are armed, and as law enforcement officers have the authority to arrest without a warrant for offenses
committed within their jurisdiction, which extends to those buildings and properties owned or controlled by the University
of the District of Columbia. While MPD has primary jurisdiction and authority in all areas off campus in Washington DC, UDC
Police Officers will respond to student and staff related incidents that occur on or immediately adjacent to campus
locations. With respect to properties associated with the University located outside of the District of Columbia, UDC Police
Officers will respond as representatives of the University (the jurisdictionâ??s local law enforcement retains primary
All crimes should be reported to OPSEM to aid in providing timely warnings to the community when appropriate. OPSEM is
located in the Administration Building (39), Room C04. We are open 24/7/365. Many satellite locations also have UDC
Police Officers onsite during operational periods.
After receiving information concerning an incident, a police officer will be dispatched to investigate the incident, document
the information, and take appropriate action. This action may include working with other Law Enforcement Agencies (local,
federal and state). Cases may be adjudicated through the local criminal justice system or university judicial affairs
(whichever is appropriate).
The University encourages all crimes be reported to OPSEM to ensure inclusion in the annual security report.
OPSEM encourages anyone who is the victim or witness to any crime to promptly report the incident to the police.
Should you become a victim of a crime, or witness a crime, use the following information to immediately contact the
OPSEM Emergency Communications Center: 202.274.5050 (24/7/365)
IN PERSON: OPSEM Emergency Communications Center â?? Administration Building (39), Room C04 (staffed 24/7/365)
EMERGENCY CALL BOXES: Strategically located on Van Ness Campus, Community College Garage (801 North Capitol) and
the Bertie Backus Campus provide two-way communication with the OPSEM Emergency Communications Center. When call
boxes are activated, the location from where the call is made is displayed in Emergency Communications Center and an
officer is immediately dispatched. Call boxes are easily identifiable (yellow in color). Please become familiar with the
location of these various call boxes as you traverse the campus.
Consistent with our core values of being United, Driven, and Committed to providing quality customer service, it is our goal
that your encounters with members of the OPSEM exemplify quality caring service, as demonstrated through our actions
and words.
A member of the OPSEM may be acknowledged for service rendered during the performance of their duties may be done
by contacting the Deputy Chief of Police at 202.274.5839. Please be prepared to provide the memberâ??s name, the type of
service rendered, and the date and approximate time that the action occurred. The OPSEM member will be recognized,
and a copy of the commendation will become a permanent part of their personnel folder.
Allegations of misconduct with regard to a University employee, including the conduct of a member of this Department, are
addressed through an established formal complaint procedure. In accordance with applicable District of Columbia laws and
regulations, this formal process provides for corrective action (as appropriate) while at the same time protecting employees
from unwarranted criticism when duties are properly performed.
In general, the process involves reporting the alleged misconduct to the UDC Deputy Chief of Police located in the
Administration Building (39), Room C04 (202.274.5839). OPSEM will collaborate with the Office of Talent Management on
complaints regarding misconduct. Complaints are investigated and handled in a just manner that takes into consideration
the rights of the complainant and the accused, as well as the safety and needs of the University community pending the
Campus Escort, Lockout, and Jumpstarts
OPSEM offers many services to University students, faculty, staff, and guests. One of these services is walking escorts to and
from campus buildings or parking facilities. In addition, we offer lockout and jumpstart services for your vehicle. All of these
services are available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, year round. To request these services, please contact OPSEM at
After-Hours Facilities Access (must have approval on file with OPSEM)
OPSEM encourages all staff members who are working in their offices outside of normal business hours, or during times
when the University is officially closed, to contact the Emergency Communications Center at 202.274.5050 upon entering
and leaving the campus. In accordance with existing policy, everyone must obtain prior approval on file with OPSEM when
requesting access to facilities during times when the University is officially closed. To obtain additional information, please
contact the OPSEM ECC at 202.274.5050.
Emergency Drills and Exercises
OPSEM conducts annual emergency drills, table tops, and/or exercises. These activities help prepare University responders
in the event that an actual emergency response to an incident is required.
Facilities Access
Access to university-owned and controlled buildings and grounds is a privilege that is extended to students, faculty, staff,
and guests. By the very nature of its location, landscape design, and exterior perimeter boundaries, the University promotes
an open and welcoming environment. However, the University reserves the right to apply appropriate limitations (as
needed) in order to ensure the safety and well-being of our community. Except for times when the University is officially
closed, most campus facilities are open during the time when classes are in session or by special arrangement.
Authorization for use of campus facilities and premises must be obtained in advance through the Office of Space
Reservation at 202.274.5576.
Facilities Maintenance
Capital Assets and Real Estate Services (CARS) is responsible for
operations and maintenance for buildings and grounds located
throughout the University system (in the case of rented space
for which UDC is a tenant, facilities operations and maintenance
is coordinated through CARS by calling 202.274.5777). Other
facility maintenance conditions addressed by this division
include electrical and mechanical services, exterior lighting and
landscape control, and elevator and escalator repair, among
other services. Unsafe facility conditions such as exterior
lighting; inoperable locking hardware; thick or full shrubbery;
unsafe steps, handrails, or walkways; and other potentially
hazardous facility conditions should be reported immediately to CARS, located in Building #38, Room C21, 202.274.6361,
during normal business hours. Requests for repair services can also be reported on line using the TRACK.IT SYSTEM at
help.in.udc.edu from the main UDC website. The OPSEM ECC is available at 202.274.5050 to receive after-hour conditions
or situations posing an immediate danger or risk.
Emergency Preparedness & Response
The University of the District of Columbia uses a community-based, all-hazards approach to emergency management. As a
component of the UDC Emergency Management Program, the University has developed an Occupant Emergency Plan. This
plan provides a comprehensive outline of safety, security, evacuation, and sheltering for each building both on the
University of the District of Columbiaâ??s main Van Ness campus and on all Community College facilities. The UDC OEP
provides the framework to prevent, prepare for, respond to and recover from all hazards that may affect any campus
building or site.
Threat Assessment Team (TAT)
TAT is a team of UDC staff members from varying areas of the University, provide resource information helpful to other
community members dealing with individuals who may be threatening or disruptive to University operations or to the UDC
community. The primary goal of TAT is to reduce fear, provide victim support services, and to take action to stop violence
before it occurs based on the information available at the time and best practices.
Behavioral Intervention Team (BIT)
BIT is a multi-disciplinary assessment group that is designed to be proactive in evaluating information and addressing
behaviors of concern related to students, faculty, and staff. The BIT will assess and respond to student, faculty …
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